- East Sudanian savanna
The East Sudanian savanna is a tropical
savanna ecoregionof central Africa. It is the eastern half of the broad savanna belt which runs east and west across Africa, from the Atlantic to the Ethiopian Highlands. The Cameroon Highlandsdivide the East Sudanian savanna from the West Sudanian savanna. The Sahelbelt of drier Acaciasavanna lies to the north, between the Sudanian savanna and the Sahara Desert.
Suddflooded grasslands divide the East Sudanian savanna into eastern and western blocks; the western block covers portions of northern Cameroon, southernmost Chad, northern Central African Republic, and southeastern Sudan. The more humid Northern Congolian forest-savanna mosaiclies to the south, between the East Sudanian savanna and the equatorial Congolian forests. The eastern block lies in a belt stretching from northern Ugandaalong the Sudan- Ethiopiaborder region, bounded on the east by the Ethiopian Highlandsof Ethiopia and Northern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thicketsof southeastern Sudan and northern Kenya, on the south by the Victoria Basin forest-savanna mosaicof Uganda, and on the southwest by the Northern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic.
Typical species are trees and shrubs of "
Combretum" and "Terminalia", and tall Elephant Grass"(Pennisetum purpureum)".
Threatened species include the
African Elephant"(Loxodonta africana)", African Wild Dog"(Lycaon pictus)", Cheetah"(Acinonyx jubatus)", Leopard"(Panthera pardus)", Lion"(Panthera leo)", and Giant Eland"(Taurotragus derbianus)". The Black Rhinoceros"(Diceros bicornis)" and Northern White Rhinoceros "(Ceratotherium simum cottoni)" were formerly native to the ecoregion, but have been eliminated through over-hunting.
* [http://www.worldwildlife.org/wildworld/profiles/terrestrial/at/at0705_full.html East Sudanian savanna]
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