Joseph-Adolphe Chapleau

Joseph-Adolphe Chapleau

name = Joseph-Adolphe Chapleau

order = 5th Premier of Quebec
term_start = 31 October 1879
term_end = 29 July 1882
predecessor = Henri-Gustave Joly de Lotbinière
successor = Joseph-Alfred Mousseau
birth_date = birth date|1840|11|9|mf=y
birth_place = Sainte-Thérèse
death_date = death date and age | 1898|06|13|1840|11|09
death_place = Montreal
party = Conservative
spouse =
religion = Roman Catholic
order2 =
term_start2 =
term_end2 =
predecessor2 =
successor2 =|

Sir Joseph-Adolphe Chapleau, PC (9 November, 1840 – 13 June, 1898), born in Sainte-Thérèse, Quebec, was a French-Canadian lawyer and politician.

As a lawyer, he defended Ambroise-Dydime Lépine against the charge of murdering Thomas Scott during the Red River Rebellion of 1869 – 1870.

He served as Conservative Premier of the Canadian province of Quebec, federal Cabinet minister, and Lieutenant Governor of Quebec.

After the 1878 Quebec election, he was the Leader of the Opposition. He became premier in 1879 after the fall of the minority government of Henri-Gustave Joly de Lotbinière. He won the 1881 election, but resigned on July 29, 1882 to seek election to the federal House of Commons. He won a by-election held on August 16, 1882.

Chapleau planned to quit politics in 1885 when Louis Riel was sentenced to be hanged but decided to stay, fearing it would only inflame the situation. After Riel was hanged, he was attacked by Quebecers who accused him of the death of Riel along with John A. Macdonald.

He served as cabinet minister under prime ministers John A. Macdonald and John Abbott, but declined to serve under John Thompson. He resigned in 1892, and was appointed Lieutenant Governor of Quebec from December 1892 until January 1898. He died in June of that same year in Montreal.

Elections as party leader

He won the 1881 election.

ee also

*Politics of Quebec
*List of Quebec general elections
*Timeline of Quebec history


* [ National Assembly biography] fr icon
* [ Biography at the "Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online"]
* [ Synopsis of federal political experience from the Library of Parliament]

succession box|title=MLA, District of Terrebonne
before=Provincial district created in 1867
after=Guillaume-Alphonse Nantel (Conservative)
succession box
before=Henri-Gustave Joly de Lotbinière (Liberal)
title=Premier of Quebec
years=31 October 1879 – 29 July 1882
after=Joseph-Alfred Mousseau (Conservative)

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