- Interorganizational System
An Interorganizational System (IOS) is one which allows the flow of information to be automated between organizations in order to reach a desired supply-chain management system, which enables the development of competitive organizations. This supports forecasting client needs and the delivery of products and services. IOS helps to better manage buyer-supplier relationships by encompassing the full depths of tasks associated with business processes company-wide. In doing these activities, an organization is able to increase the productivity automatically; therefore, optimizing communication within all levels of an organization as well as between the organization and the supplier. For example, each t-shirt that is sold in a retail store is automatically communicated to the supplier who will, in turn, ship more t-shirts to the retailer.
Organizations might pursue an IOS for the following reasons:
#Reduce the risk in the organization
#Pursue economies of scale
#Benefit from the exchange of technologies
#Overcome investment barriers
#Encourage global communication
The most common form of IOS is
Electronic Data Interchange, which permits instantaneous computer-to-computer transfer of information.
Haag, Cummings, McCubbrey, Pinsonneult, and Donovan. (2006). "Information Management Systems for the Information Age" Pages 26 to 27. McGraw-Hill Ryerson.
Nelson, Shaw. "The Adoption and Diffusion of Interogranizational System Standards and Process Innovations" University of Illinois. June 26, 2006. [http://www.si.umich.edu/misq-stds/proceedings/146_258-301.pdf]
[Contractor and Lorange, 1988] F.J. Contractor, P. Lorgance [eds.] . "Cooperative Strategies in International Business" Lexington Books, 1988.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
information system — Introduction an integrated set of components for collecting, storing, processing, and communicating information (information science). Business firms, other organizations, and individuals in contemporary society rely on information systems… … Universalium
Mutual Broadcasting System — Type Cooperative radio network (1934–52); corporate controlled radio network (1952–99) … Wikipedia
Collective Action Theory and IOS — The collective action theory was first published by Mancur Olson in 1965. He argues that any group of individuals attempting to provide a public good has got troubles to do so efficiently. On the one hand individuals have got incentives to free… … Wikipedia
Collaboration — For other uses, see Collaboration (disambiguation). See also: Co operation; Coordination. Collaboration is working together to achieve a goal. It is a recursive process where two or more people or organizations work together to realize… … Wikipedia
Conflict management — involves implementing strategies to limit the negative aspects of conflict and to increase the positive aspects of conflict at a level equal to or higher than where the conflict is taking place. Furthermore, the aim of conflict management is to… … Wikipedia
Work systems — Work system has been used loosely in many areas. This article concerns its use in understanding IT reliant systems in organizations. A notable use of the term occurred in 1977 in the first volume of MIS Quarterly in two articles by Bostrom and… … Wikipedia
Law, Crime, and Law Enforcement — ▪ 2006 Introduction Trials of former heads of state, U.S. Supreme Court rulings on eminent domain and the death penalty, and high profile cases against former executives of large corporations were leading legal and criminal issues in 2005.… … Universalium
Nonmarket forces — In economics, nonmarket forces are those acting on economic actors from outside the market system. They include internal and external organizing and correcting factors that provide order to market and other types of societal institutions and… … Wikipedia
Governance in higher education — refers to the means by which higher educational (also tertiary or postsecondary) institutions are formally organized and managed, though often there is a distinction between definitions of management and governance. Simply, university governance… … Wikipedia
Corporate Colonization — reflects that as organizations and corporations become the more centralized source of power within our societies, the more that an individual will derive their identity and values from the organization (Deetz 1992). This is opposed to the other… … Wikipedia