Jake Gaither

Jake Gaither

College coach infobox
Name = Jake Gaither

Caption =
DateOfBirth = birth date|1903|4|11|mf=y
Birthplace = Dayton, Tennessee
DateOfDeath = death date and age|1994|2|18|1903|4|11|mf=y
Deathplace = Tallahassee, Florida
Sport = Football
College =
Title =
CurrentRecord =
OverallRecord = 204-36-4
Awards =
Championships = 6 Black College Nat'l Championships
("1950, 1952, 1954, 1957, 1959, 1961")
CFbDWID = 3617
Player = Trigger
Years = ?-1927
Team = Knoxville College
Position =
Coach = Trigger
CoachYears = 1945-1969
CoachTeams = Florida A&M University
FootballHOF = 1975

Alonzo Smith "Jake" Gaither was the head football coach at Florida A&M University (FAMU) for 25 years, and amassed one of the best winning records of any college football coach.

Jake Gaither was born on April 11, 1903, in Dayton, Tennessee. His father was a preacher, and as a youth Gaither expected to also become a preacher. He graduated from Knoxville College, where he had played football, in 1927. Gaither's father died around that time, and Gaither became a high school football coach to help support his family. Gaither later completed a master's degree at Ohio State University in 1937.

Jake Gaither went to work as an assistant to head coach William "Big Bill" Bell at Florida A&M College for Negroes (as it was called then) in 1938. The FAMC Rattlers had an undefeated (8-0-0) season that year, and won their first Black College National Championship. The school won the national title again in 1942. Bell left to enter military service in 1943. After two years of problems in the football program, Gaither was hired as the head football coach for Florida A&M College in 1945. One story is that the president of the college could not find anyone else to take the job.

Gaither worked very hard to motivate his players. He would say, "I like my boys to be agile, mobile, and hostile." It is reported that he would hide an onion in his handkerchief to work up tears in his pre-game pep talks. He built up an effective recruiting network, and by the 1960s did not even bother to recruit players from outside the state of Florida. Gaither was dedicated to his job. After retiring, he told his biographer, "I run into so many people who have no deep sense of morals -- people who got a price tag on them, who'd sell their soul. I want to find the man who has no price tag on him. I'm not for sale."

Gaither instituted an annual coaching clinic at FAMU in the late 1950s. He recruited major college coaches, including Paul "Bear" Bryant, Frank Broyles, Darrell Royal, Woody Hayes and Adolph Rupp, among others, to staff the clinics.

Gaither introduced the Split-T formation in 1963, and it was soon adopted at other colleges. In 1969 FAMU defeated the University of Tampa 34-28 in the South's first football game between a white college and a predominately Black college.

Jake Gaither also coached basketball and track in his early years as football coach. He later became Director of Athletics and Chairman of the Department of Health, Physical Education and Recreation at FAMU. He continued to hold the last two positions after he retired as coach until his retirement from teaching in 1973.

When Gaither retired from coaching in 1969, his FAMU teams had a 204-36-4 (wins-losses-ties) record, for a .844 winning percentage. Thirty-six players from Gaither's teams were All-Americans, and 42 went on to play in the National Football League. During his 25 years as head coach, FAMU won 22 Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Conference championships. Gaither teams also won six Black College National Championships, in 1950, 1952, 1954, 1957, 1959 and 1961.

Jake Gaither was named Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Conference Coach of the Decade. He was named College Division Coach of the Year by the American Football Coaches Association in 1962, and was voted into the College Football Hall of Fame in 1975. He also received the Amos Alonzo Stagg Award and the Walter Camp Award that year. The Jake Gaither Trophy has been awarded to the best Black collegiate football player each year since 1978. The Jake Gaither Gymnasium is located on the FAMU campus.

Jake Gaither died in Tallahassee on February 18 1994.


* [http://www.hickoksports.com/biograph/gaitherjake.shtml Hickock Sports Biographies - Gaither, "Jake" (Alonzo S.)] - URL retrieved June 25 2006
* [http://web.archive.org/web/20051121230854/http://theledger.com/static/top50/pages/gaither.html Most Important Floridians of the 20th Century - Jake Gaither] - URL retrieved June 30 2008
* [http://thefamurattlers.cstv.com/trads/famu-trads.html The Rattler Athletic Tradition] - URL retrieved June 25 2006
* [http://web.archive.org/web/20060912061346/http://www.famu.edu/athletics/football/news/gaither.html Rattler Football - A. S. "Jake" Gaither] - URL retrieved June 30 2008
* [http://www.100percentwrong.org/pages/awards.html The Alonzo S. "Jake" Gaither Award] - URL retrieved June 25 2006
* [http://www.i-aa.org/article.asp?articleid=75383 Black College National Champions] - URL retrieved June 25 2006
* [http://web.archive.org/web/20060825074009/http://www.thesiac.com/?page=history Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Conference History] - URL retrieved June 30 2008
* [http://www.hickoksports.com/history/collfootcoy.shtml#afcacd College Football Coach of the Year] - URL retrieved June 25 2006

NAME=Gaither, Alsonso S.
SHORT DESCRIPTION=Football player and coach
DATE OF BIRTH=April 11, 1903
PLACE OF BIRTH=Dayton, Tennessee
DATE OF DEATH=February 18, 1994
PLACE OF DEATH=Tallahassee, Florida

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