- Secretariat of the CPSU Central Committee
The Secretariat of the CPSU Central Committee was a key body within the
Communist Party of the Soviet Unionand was responsible for the central administration of the party as opposed to drafting government policy which was usually handled by the Politburo. Its members were elected by the Communist Party's Central Committee, although in all but the first years of its existence the elections were a formality since decisions were made by the senior leadership before the voting. The General Secretary of the CPSU, who was also a Politburo member, was the leader of the Secretariat and the Party. Dual membership in the Secretariat and the Politburo was reserved for two or three very senior members of the Soviet leadership and in the post-Stalin era was a stepping stone to the ultimate power. The last 4 Soviet leaders ( Leonid Brezhnev, Yuri Andropov, Konstantin Chernenkoand Mikhail Gorbachev) were all senior Secretaries before becoming General Secretaries.
The Secretariat was established by the Central Committee on
August 6, 1917and was initially composed of Felix Dzerzhinsky, Matvei Muranovand Yakov Sverdlovas full members and Adolph Joffeand Yelana Stasovaas candidate members (or alternates). Following the October Revolutionof 1917, Sverdlov and Stasova became the de facto Secretariat as other members of the body assumed other duties. At the time, the Secretariat was responsible for technical issues such as coordination of the activities of regional party organizations and handling routine administrative affairs of the Party.
By 1922, the body had been transformed from a technical committee to one of the most important components of the party and from that point on it was responsible for day to day operations of the Communist Party. Also in 1922, the position of General Secretary was created, the General Secretary became the head of the Secretariat and, in the years following Lenin's death, became the most important figure in the party and the country.
Organization of the Communist Party of the USSR
Members of the Secretariat 1917-1991
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