1918 in Australia


1918 in Australia

Infobox Australian year
year = 1918
monarch = George V
governor-general = Ronald Munro-Ferguson
pm =Billy Hughes
population = 5,029,403
australian =
elections =South Australia, Queensland
"See also:"
1917 in Australia,
other events of 1918,
1919 in Australia and the
Timeline of Australian history.

1918 in Australia was dominated by national participation in World War I. The Australian Corps was formed at the beginning of the year from the five divisions of the First Australian Imperial Force played a significant role in the Allied victory in the war.

Incumbents

*Monarch – King George V
*Governor-GeneralSir Ronald Munro-Ferguson
*Prime MinisterBilly Hughes

tate premiers

*Premier of New South WalesWilliam Holman
*Premier of QueenslandT.J. Ryan
*Premier of South AustraliaArchibald Peake
*Premier of TasmaniaWalter Lee
*Premier of VictoriaJohn Bowser (until March 21), then Harry Lawson
*Premier of Western AustraliaSir Henry Lefroy

tate governors

*Governor of New South WalesWalter Edward Davidson (from February 18)
*Governor of QueenslandHamilton Goold-Adams
*Governor of South AustraliaSir Henry Galway
*Governor of TasmaniaFrancis Newdegate
*Governor of VictoriaSir Arthur Stanley
*Governor of Western AustraliaWilliam Ellison-Macartney

Events

*January 8Billy Hughes resigns as Prime Minister of Australia as promised following the defeat of the 1917 plebiscite on conscription. He is immediately sworn in again by the Governor-General as there are no alternative candidates.
*January 21 – Thirty people are killed when the Mackay cyclone strikes the town of Mackay in Queensland.
*February 2 – The Brighton tornado, the strongest storms ever recorded in Melbourne, strike the suburb of Brighton, killing two people.
*March 21John Bowser resigns as Premier of Victoria after his railway estimates bill is defeated in parliament. Harry Lawson forms a composite ministry of Liberal factions, including Bowser as Chief Secretary and Minister for Public Health.
*3 AugustAustralia House, Australia's high commission to the United Kingdom, opens in London.
*September 22 – The Prime Minister Billy Hughes makes the first direct radio telephone call between England and Australia, calling Sydney from London.
*October 6 – Australia's first electric train service begins, between Newmarket and Flemington Racecourse in Melbourne.
*October 26 – A by-election is held in the Division of Swan following the death of the sitting member, Sir John Forrest. The youngest ever MP, Edwin Corboy, is elected to parliament.
*December 17 – The Darwin Rebellion takes place, with 1,000 demonstrators demanding the resignation of the Administrator of the Northern Territory, John A. Gilruth.

World War I events

*January 1 – The Australian Corps is formed from the five AIF divisions on the Western Front.
*March 21 – The Australian Corps commences fighting to stop the German offensive Operation Michael, the German advance near Amiens.
*25 April – Australian forces recapture Villers-Bretonneux from the German army helping to stop Operation Georgette.
*May 31John Monash takes command of the Australia Corps.
*July 4 - John Monash leads an attack on Hamel, regarded as one of the most prepared battles of the entire war.
*August 8 – The Battle of Amiens begins with British, Australian and Canadian troops participating in a successful offensive – General Erich Ludendorff described it as "the black day of the German Army".
*August 12King George V knights John Monash on the battlefield, the first British commander to be knighted in that way for 200 years.
*September 18 – Forces led by John Monash attack the Hindenburg Line in the Battle of the Hindenburg Line capturing 4,300 German troops.
*October 1 – Australian troops capture Damascus.
*October 5 – The last Australian operation in the Battle of the Hindenburg Line taking the village of Montbrehain with the line cleared by October 10.
*November 11 – Germany signs an Armistice to end World War I.
*December 10Royal Australian Navy ships sail to the Black Sea to assist the White Army in the Russian Civil War.

Arts and Literature

* May Gibbs publishes "Snugglepot and Cuddlepie".

* Norman Lindsay publishes "The Magic Pudding".

port

*August 3 – The South Sydney Rabbitohs win the New South Wales Rugby Football League season 1918.
*September 7 – The South Melbourne Swans defeat the Collingwood Magpies 9.8 (62) to 7.15 (57), becoming premiers of the 1918 VFL season.
*November 12 – Night Watch wins the Melbourne Cup.

Births

*January 16Clem Jones, Lord Mayor of Brisbane (d. 2007)
*January 26Amy Witting, novelist (d. 2001)
*February 8Charles Birch, geneticist
*March 5John Billings, doctor who developed the Billings Method (d. 2007)
*March 18David Zeidler, chemist and industrialist (d. 1998)
*March 19Jim Brown, NSW politician (d. 1999)
*April 11Francis Hassett, Australian Army general
*April 18Harry Firth, race car driver
*April 21Francis James, publisher
*July 26Richard Arthur Blackburn, Chief Justice of the ACT (d. 1987)
*August 24Sandy Pearson, soldier
*September 4John Carrick, politician
*September 5Bob Katter, Sr., Country Party politician (d. 1990)
*October 14Thelma Coyne Long, tennis player
*October 14Doug Ring, cricketer (d. 2003)
*December 15Pauline Neura Reilly, ornithologist

Deaths

*July 14James White (b. 1861), sculptor
*September 12Sir George Reid (b. 1845), Premier of NSW (1894–1899) and Prime Minister (1904–1905)
*October 10Henry Dobson (b. 1841), Premier of Tasmania (1892–1894)
*October 12Mary Hannay Foott (b. 1846), poet
*December 7Frank Wilson (b. 1859), Premier of Western Australia (1910–1911)

References


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