- Taiwan the Formosa
"Taiwan the Formosa" (sometimes "Taiwan the Green";
pe̍h-ōe-jī: "Tâi-oân Chhùi-chhiⁿ"; Chinese: 台灣翠青) is a poemwritten (conceived in 1977; finalized in 1993) by Taiwanese poet and clergyman Tīⁿ Jî-gio̍k (John Jyi-giokk Ti'n, Er-Yu Cheng), set to music between 1988 and 1993 by neo-RomanticTaiwanese composer Tyzen Hsiao. The text represents an early example of the popular verse that emerged from the Taiwanese literature movementin the 1970s and 80s. In 1994 Hsiao used this hymnto conclude his "1947 Overture" for soprano, choir and orchestra. [ [http://www.answers.com/topic/1947-overture 1947 Overture] ", Answers.com"] .
"Taiwan the Formosa" has been popular with pro-democracy activists and has been adopted by the Taiwan independence movement as a proposed
national anthemfor a future Republic of Taiwan. [Shih Hsiu-chuan [http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/taiwan/archives/2006/05/18/2003308786 "Pro-independence supporters promote 'Taiwan the Green' for national anthem"] ", Taipei Times, 5/18/2006"] The first stanza is secular. The second has overt Christianreferences in keeping with the poet's vocation as a minister in the Presbyterian Church in Taiwan. The second verse is intended only for performance in churchsettings or similarly appropriate environments.
The poem was originally written in Taiwanese
pe̍h-ōe-jī. It has subsequently been translated into other languages, such as Hakka (by another clergyman Hiû San-hiùng).:"Thài-pêng-iûⁿ se-lâm hái-piⁿ, bí-lē-tó Tâi-oân chhùi-chhiⁿ.":"Chá-chêng hō͘ gōa-pang thóng-tī, kiàn-kok taⁿ teh chhut-thâu-thiⁿ.":"Kiōng-hô-kok hiàn-hoat ê ki-chhó͘, sù-cho̍k-kûn pêng-téng saⁿ hia̍p-chō͘.":"Jîn-lūi bûn-hòa, sè-kài hô-pêng, kok-bîn hiòng-chêng kòng-hiàn châi-lêng."
:"Choè goân-thaû Siōng-tè chhòng-chō, bí-lē-tó Tâi-oân choè-hó.":"Siúⁿ-sù hō͘ chó͘-sian khiā-khí, kiàn-kok taⁿ Siōng-chú liap-lí.":"Chú Ki-tok kok-ka ê kun-ông, lí-sióng-pang bo̍k-phiau ê kià-bōng.":"Lán beh kiàn-siat jîn-ài kong-gī, chó͘-kok moá-toē chhin-chhiūⁿ tī thiⁿ. (A-men.)"Listen
title=Taiwan the Formosa
description=A version of "Taiwan the Formosa".
:By Pacific’s western shore, beauteous isle, our green Taiwan.:Once suffered under alien rule, free at last to be its own.:Here’s the basis of our nation: four diverse groups in unity,:come to offer all their varied skills, for the good of all and a world at peace.
Non-metrical paraphrase in English
:On the southwestern edge of the
Pacific Oceanstands the lush Taiwan, the beautiful island ("Formosa").:Earlier it was ruled by foreign powers, but now it has achieved its nationhood (" chhut-thâu-thiⁿ").:The republicbeing the basis of its constitution, the four ethnic groups are equal and co-operate with one another.:Towards humanity, civilization, and peace, the people will come forward to contribute their talents.
:In the beginning,
Godcreated the beautiful island of Taiwan, our favourite.:God gave it to our ancestors to inhabit and still looks over our nation.: Christbeing the Lord of our nation, the ideal state is our hope and aim.:We will work towards loveand justice, so that our motherlandwill become as heaven on earth. ( Amen.)
Proposed flag of Taiwan
Republic of Taiwan
Taiwanese literature movement
National Anthem of the Republic of China
* [http://18.104.22.168/TG/imgak/thiaN.asp?id=1 Sheet music and mp3 audio files]
* [http://taiwanus.net/news/show.php?id=5829 "Sing our national anthem—Taiwan the Formosa"]
* [http://www.geocities.com/jensehw/index3.html Translations of "Taiwan the Formosa" in several languages]
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