- Fresh Start
Fresh Start was a grouping within the British Conservative Party opposed to the
Maastricht Treaty. It was founded by Michael Spicerand its members included Bill Cash, James Cran, Christopher Gilland Roger Knapman. In the mid-1990s over fifty Conservative MPs were members.
They organised votes against
John Major's government and in all they voted against the government 985 times and abstained 1,515 times in an unsuccessful attempt to stop the Maastricht Treaty being ratified.
*Anthony Forster, "Euroscepticism in Contemporary British Politics" (Routledge, 2002).
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