Cape Province


Cape Province

The Cape of Good Hope Province (commonly referred to simply as the Cape Province) was a province in the Union of South Africa and subsequently the Republic of South Africa. It encompassed the old Cape Colony, and had Cape Town as its capital.

It was created in 1910 when the Union of South Africa was formed, and included the original Cape Colony and other regions such as British Bechuanaland (not to be confused with the Bechuanaland Protectorate, now Botswana), Griqualand East (the area around Kokstad) and Griqualand West (area around Kimberley). This gave the Cape Province an area similar in size to the U.S. state of Texas. [cite web |http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_U.S._states_by_area ]

At the time of the formation of the Union of South Africa the entire region now called South Africa was only four provinces: Transvaal (South African Republic), Natal (Natalia Republic), Orange Free State and the Cape Province.

During the apartheid era the country was chopped up into a number of additional pieces which were known as the four TBVC States and the six Non-Independent Homelands.

After the first fully democratic elections in 1994 all the pieces were put together again and divided into what are now the current nine provinces of South Africa. Walvis Bay was handed to Namibia.

Griqualand East was transferred to Natal Province after the Transkei was declared independent, since it was cut off from the rest of the province. The Transkei (1976) and Ciskei (1981) regions were declared independent of South Africa, after they were formerly part of the Cape Province. (They were re-incorporated into South Africa in 1994, both part of the new Eastern Cape province)

It was the only province where coloureds (mixed-race people) could vote, although this right was removed by the apartheid government in 1956. The government had to incorporate many extra senators in parliament to force through this change.

Since 1994, it has been broken up into three smaller administrative units: the Western Cape, Eastern Cape and Northern Cape. Parts of the Cape Province were also absorbed into the North West Province.

See also

* Provinces of South Africa

References

External links

* [http://uk.holidaysguide.yahoo.com/p-travelguide-45871-cape_town_history-i A history of the Cape Province]
* [http://www.national.archives.gov.za/sources1.htm Archives kept at Cape Town]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cape Province — former province of South Africa: in full Cape of Good Hope Province * * * or Cape of Good Hope formerly (1826–1910) Cape Colony Former province, South Africa. Occupying the southern extremity of the African continent, it comprised the southern… …   Universalium

  • Cape Province — former province of South Africa: in full Cape of Good Hope Province …   English World dictionary

  • Cape Province — Cape Prov|ince a ↑province in the south of South Africa. Its full name is Cape of Good Hope Province, and it was formerly called Cape Colony …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Cape Province — noun a former province of southern South Africa that was settled by the Dutch in 1652 and ceded to Great Britain in 1814; in 1994 it was split into three new provinces of South Africa • Syn: ↑Cape of Good Hope Province, ↑Cape Colony • Instance… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Cape Province — /keɪp ˈprɒvəns/ (say kayp provuhns) noun a former province in southern South Africa; in 1994 divided into the provinces of Western Cape, Eastern Cape and Northern Cape …   Australian English dictionary

  • Cape Province — n. Cape of Good Hope province, former province located in south region of South Africa …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Cape Province — geographical name see Cape of Good Hope 2 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Cape Province (IMCRA region) — Cape Province is a marine biogeographic region of Australia. It is defined as a bioregional province within the Integrated Marine and Coastal Regionalisation of Australia (IMCRA).cite paper | title = Interim Marine and Coastal Regionalisation for …   Wikipedia

  • Coat of arms of Western Cape Province — The Coat of Arms of Western Cape Province of the Republic of South Africa was registered with the Bureau of Heraldry on December 4, 1998 following the reorganisation of the Western Cape province from the southwestern part of the former Cape… …   Wikipedia

  • Government House, Cape Province — Government House located in Cape Town was the official residence of the Governor of the Cape Province, South Africa.Tuynhuys was built in 1682 by the Dutch East India Company. The building was later remodelled for use as Government House.… …   Wikipedia


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