- Hoarding (castles)
A hoarding was a temporary wooden (shed-like) construction that was placed on the exterior of the
rampartsof a castleduring a siege.
The purpose of a hoarding was to allow the defenders to improve their
field of firealong the length of a wall and, most particularly, directly downwards to the wall base.
The latter function was capably taken up by the invention of
machicolations, which were an improvement on hoardings, not least because masonry does not need to be fire-proofed. Machicolations are also permanent and siege-ready.
It is suspected that in peacetime, hoardings were stored as prefabricated elements.
In some castles, construction of hoardings was facilitated by
putlog holesthat were left in the masonry of castle walls.
Some medieval hoardings have survived including examples at the North tower of
Stokesay Castle, Shropshire, UK and the keep of Laval, France. The inner citadel at Carcassonne, also in France has reconstructed wooden hoardings.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Hoarding (disambiguation) — Hoarding may refer to:*Temporary fencing enclosing a construction site *Hoarding, the gathering and storing of goods **Compulsive hoarding, a pathological hoarding by humans ***Animal hoarding, the compulsive hoarding of animals *Hoarding… … Wikipedia
France — /frans, frahns/; Fr. /frddahonns/, n. 1. Anatole /ann nann tawl /, (Jacques Anatole Thibault), 1844 1924, French novelist and essayist: Nobel prize 1921. 2. a republic in W Europe. 58,470,421; 212,736 sq. mi. (550,985 sq. km). Cap.: Paris. 3.… … Universalium
Castle — This article is about medieval fortifications. For other uses, see Castle (disambiguation). For a list of all castles, see List of castles. For similar but unrelated structures in Japan, see Japanese castle … Wikipedia
Motte-and-bailey — A motte and bailey is a form of castle, with a wooden or stone keep situated on a raised earthwork called a motte, accompanied by an enclosed courtyard, or bailey, surrounded by a protective ditch an … Wikipedia
Keep — For other uses, see Keep (disambiguation). Donjon redirects here. For the role playing game of the same name, see Donjon (role playing game) … Wikipedia
Concentric castle — Krak des Chevaliers: a concentric castle … Wikipedia
Moat — For information on the moat of a tropical cyclone, see eye (cyclone). For the gunman, see Raoul Moat. The moated manor house of Baddesley Clinton in Warwickshire, England A moat is a deep, broad ditch, either dry or filled with water, that… … Wikipedia
Ward (fortification) — In fortifications, a bailey or ward refers to a courtyard enclosed by a curtain wall. In particular, an early type of European castle was known as a Motte and bailey. Castles can have more than one ward. Their layout depends both on the local… … Wikipedia
Germany — /jerr meuh nee/, n. a republic in central Europe: after World War II divided into four zones, British, French, U.S., and Soviet, and in 1949 into East Germany and West Germany; East and West Germany were reunited in 1990. 84,068,216; 137,852 sq.… … Universalium
japan — japanner, n. /jeuh pan /, n., adj., v., japanned, japanning. n. 1. any of various hard, durable, black varnishes, originally from Japan, for coating wood, metal, or other surfaces. 2. work varnished and figured in the Japanese manner. 3. Japans,… … Universalium