- Executive Order 11110
Executive Order 11110 was issued by President
John F. Kennedyon June 4, 1963.
This executive order allows the U.S. Secretary of the Treasury to issue
silver certificatesagainst silver bullionbased on authority delegated by the President to the Secretary under the Thomas Amendment to the Agricultural Adjustment Act.
The Order was for the Treasury to issue silver certificates against all silver held by the government which did not already have certificates against it. The Order was needed due to the passage of Public Law 88-36 which repealed the Silver Purchase Act and other related monetary measures. One result was that after the repeals, only the President could issue new silver certificates.
Federal Reserve Systemcould replace the certificates, but only in larger denominations. The thrust of the Order returned the authority to issue new silver certificates (and specify denominations) back to the U.S. Treasury.
This executive order allowed for the Federal Reserve System to distribute and exchange currency at lower denominations that met the growing economic need. The authoritative basis for the Order was substantially nullified in 1982 with the passage of Public Law 97-258.
The Order was never directly reversed. However, Section 1(j) of Executive Order 10289, which was added by Section 1(a) of Executive Order 11110, was revoked when Ronald Reagan signed Executive Order 12608 in 1987. [http://www.reagan.utexas.edu/archives/speeches/1987/090987f.htm]
Bimetallism-- using more than one metal in a reserve banking system
Silver standard-- as opposed to a strict Gold Standard
* [http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=59049&st=&st1= John F. Kennedy: Executive Order 11110]
* [http://www.archives.gov/federal-register/executive-orders/1963-kennedy.html Executive Orders Disposition Tables, John F. Kennedy - 1963]
* [http://www.archives.gov/federal-register/codification/executive-order/10289.html Codification of EO 10289 at the National Archives]
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