Ossip Zadkine


Ossip Zadkine
Orpheus (1956)
Zadkine's well-known sculpture "The Destroyed City" (De Verwoeste Stad) in Rotterdam during renovation in 2005

Ossip Zadkine (Russian: Осип Цадкин; July 14, 1890 – November 25, 1967) was a Belarusian-born artist who lived in France. He is primarily known as a sculptor, but also produced paintings and lithographs.

Contents

Early years and career

Zadkine was born as Yossel Aronovich Tsadkin[citation needed] (Russian: Иосель Аронович Цадкин) in Vitebsk, Belarus, then part of the Russian Empire. His father was Jewish and had converted to the Russian Orthodox religion; his mother was of Scottish ancestry.[1]

After attending art school in London, Zadkine settled in Paris about 1910. There he became part of the new Cubist movement (1914-1925). He later developed his own style, one that was strongly influenced by African art.

Zadkine served as a stretcher-bearer in the French Army during World War I, and was wounded in action. He spent the World War II years in America. His best-known work is probably the sculpture "The Destroyed City" (1951-1953), represents a man without a heart, a memorial to the destruction of the center of the Dutch city Rotterdam in 1940 by the German Luftwaffe.[2]

Personal life

Zadkine married, in 1920, Valentine Prax (1899—1991), an Algeria-born painter of Sicilian and French Catalan descent. They had no children.

The artist's only child, Nicolas Hasle (born 1960), was the result his affair with a Danish woman, Annelise Hasle.[1] Since 2009, Hasle, a psychiatrist, who was acknowledged by the artist and had his parentage legally established in France in the 1980s, has been party to a lawsuit with the City of Paris to establish his claim to his father's estate.[2]

Zadkine died in Paris in 1967 at the age of 77 after undergoing abdominal surgery[2] and was interred in the Cimetière du Montparnasse. His former home and studio is now the Musée Zadkine.

Awards

  • 1951 Vienna Biennale sculpture prize[3]
  • 1961 Grand Prix National des Arts[3]

Zadkine or his wife.also established a Musee Zadkine in the village of Arques in the Mid-Pyrenees region. It stands opposite a 12th century church that is itself of interest. Zadkine lived in Arques for a number of years, and while there, carved an enormous and powerful Christ on the Cross and Pieta that are featured in the church. The 12th century church and the 20th century cubist-influenced sculptures exist in dramatic and surprising harmony.

Gallery

See also

References

  • Czwiklitzer, Christophe, Ossip Zadkine, le sculpteur-graveure de 1919 à 1967, Paris, Chez l'auteur, 1967.
  • Yamanashi Kenritsu Bijutsukan, Ossip Zadkine, Tokyo, Yomiuri Shinbunsha, 1989.
  • Andreas Weiland, "(Re-)Discovering Zadkine", in: Art in Society, issue # 10 http://www.art-in-society.de/AS10/Z/Zadkine1.html

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ossip Zadkine — Monument à la Ville détruite de Rotterdam, installée le 15 mai 1953 à Rotterdam. Naissance …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ossip Zadkine — Enthüllung des Monuments in Rotterdam 1953 Kyrillisch (Russisch) Осип Цадкин Transl.: Osip …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ossip Zadkine — Escultura Großer Orpheus (1956). Ossip Zadkine (Smolensk, 1890 París, 1967). Fue un escultor ruso. Biografía Fue enviado a Sunderland en 1905 para estudiar inglés, pero en su lugar empezó a asistir a clases de arte. En 19 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Zadkine — Ossip Zadkine Ossip Zadkine Naissance 14 juillet 1890 Vitebsk en Biélorussie Décès 25 novembre 1967 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • ZADKINE, OSSIP — (1890–1967), sculptor. Born in Smolensk, Russia, Zadkine studied in London. After serving as a stretcher bearer in the French army in World War I, he resumed his career in Paris. When the Nazis invaded France in 1940, Zadkine took refuge in the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ZADKINE (O.) — L’œuvre de Zadkine, sculpteur français d’origine russe, est, avec celles de Laurens et de Lipchitz, la plus représentative d’une adaptation systématique des principes du cubisme pictural à la troisième dimension. Il ne faut pas chercher en elle… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Zadkine — Kyrillisch (Russisch) Осип Цадкин Transl.: Osip Cadkin Transkr.: Ossip Zadkin Ossip Zadkine (* …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Zadkine, Ossip — (1890 1967)    sculptor, engraver    Of Russian origin, Ossip Zadkine was born in Smolensk and studied in London and Paris (1909), where he became interested in the work of auguste rodin and in African sculpture. The cubist experience determined… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Zadkine, Ossip — (1890–1967)    Sculptor. The work of Russian born Ossip Zadkine was influenced by primitive art and later in Paris by the cubist movement. His greatest work, The Destroyed City, stands in Rotterdam. It shows an agonized woman with outstretched… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Zadkine — (Ossip) (1890 1967) sculpteur français d origine russe. Cubiste, il évolua vers un expressionnisme baroque …   Encyclopédie Universelle


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