Cardigan Welsh Corgi

Cardigan Welsh Corgi
Cardigan Welsh corgi
Brindle and white Cardigan Welsh corgi
Nicknames Cardigan
CWC
Cardi
Country of origin Wales, United Kingdom
Traits
Dog (Canis lupus familiaris)
Puppy Cardigan Welsh Corgi

The Cardigan Welsh corgi (play /ˈkɔrɡi/) is one of two separate dog breeds known as Welsh corgis that originated in Wales, the other being the Pembroke Welsh corgi. It is one of the oldest herding breeds.

Contents

Characteristics

Cardigan Welsh corgis can be extremely loyal family dogs. They do, however, need daily physical and mental stimulation. For their size, they need a surprising amount of exercise. Cardigans are a very versatile breed and a wonderful family companion. They can live in a variety of settings, from apartments to farms.

Appearance

The face of a female Cardigan Welsh corgi.

The Cardigan is a long, low dog with upright ears and a bottle brush tail. The old American Kennel Club standard called it an "Alsatian on short legs". The Cardigan's tail is long (unlike the Pembroke Welsh corgi, whose tail may be long, short,[1] naturally bobbed or docked[2]). Cardigans can be any shade of red, sable, or brindle; they can also be black with or without tan brindle or blue merle with or without tan or brindle points. They usually have white on the neck, chest, legs, muzzle, underneath, tip of the tail, and as a blaze on the head, known as the "Irish pattern." Other markings include ticking on the legs and muzzle, smutty muzzles, monk's hoods, and others. A few other unofficial colors can occur, such as red merle. These colors are not considered an acceptable color per the Cardigan standard. An average Cardigan is around 10.5 to 13  inches (260 to 315 mm) tall at the withers and weighs from 30 to 38 lb. (13.6 to 17.2 kg) for the male and 25 to 34 lb. (11.3 to 15.4 kg) for the female.

Temperament

Originally bred for farm work, including herding sheep and cattle, they have proven themselves as excellent companion animals and are also competitive in sheepdog trials dog agility, competitive obedience and rally obedience. Cardigan Welsh corgis were bred long and low to make sure that any kicks by cattle would travel safely over the dogs' heads without touching them. Like most herding breeds, Cardigans are highly intelligent, active, athletic dogs. Affectionately known as "a big dog in a small package," Cardigans are affectionate, devoted companions that can also be alert and responsible guardians. Some Cardigan corgis are 'one-man dogs'. They tend to be wary of strangers and to reserve their affection for a select few with whom they are familiar. If socialized at a young age, they can be nice with other dogs and housepets.

Cardigans are typically excellent watchdogs, as they are highly alert to the approach of strangers to their territory, and will be very vocal until they and/or their owner are assured that the stranger poses no threat.

Health

UK Kennel Club survey puts the average life span of the Cardigan Welsh Corgi at 11.7 years. The most common cause of death for the breed was cancer(28.3%), old age(24.6%) and neurological disorders(15.2%).[3]

History

A blue merle-colored Cardigan

Cardigans are said to originate from the Teckel family of dogs, which also produced Dachshunds.[4] They are among the oldest of all herding breeds, believed to have been in existence in Wales for over 3,000 years. The phrase "cor gi" is sometimes translated as "dwarf dog" in Welsh. The breed was often called "yard-long dogs" in older times. Today's name comes from their area of origin: Ceredigion in Wales. Originally used only as a farm guardian, they eventually took on the traits of a cattle drover, herder, and many more. They are still highly valued for their herding, working, and guarding skills, as well as their companionship.

Activities

Cardigan Welsh corgis can compete in dog agility trials, obedience, showmanship, flyball, tracking, and herding events. Herding instincts and trainability can be measured at noncompetitive herding tests. Corgis exhibiting basic herding instincts can be trained to compete in herding trials.[5]

Notes

  1. ^ Hytönen et al (2008), "Ancestral T-Box mutation is present in many, but not all, short-tailed dog breeds", Journal of Heredity, Advance Access published online on October 14, 2008, doi:10.1093/jhered/esn085 [1]
  2. ^ "Pembroke Welsh Corgi Breed Standard". American Kennel Club. http://www.akc.org/breeds/pembroke_welsh_corgi/. 
  3. ^ "2004 Purebred Dog Health Survey". The Kennel Club. http://www.thekennelclub.org.uk/item/570. Retrieved 16 August 2010. 
  4. ^ "History of the Cardigan Welsh Corgi". Cardigan Welsh Corgi Association. http://www.cardigancorgis.com/history.asp. 
  5. ^ Hartnagle-Taylor and Taylor, Jeanne Joy, Ty. Stockdog Savvy. Alpine Publications. ISBN #978-157779-106-5. 

External links


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См. также в других словарях:

  • Cardigan Welsh corgi — noun slightly bowlegged variety of corgi having rounded ears and a long tail • Syn: ↑Cardigan • Hypernyms: ↑corgi, ↑Welsh corgi …   Useful english dictionary

  • Cardigan Welsh corgi — noun Etymology: Cardigan, former county in Wales Date: 1935 any of a breed of Welsh corgis with rounded ears, slightly bowed forelegs, and a long tail called also Cardigan …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Welsh Corgi — Cardigan Welsh corgi Country of origin Wales. Cardigan: Believed to have its origins in Roman Britain Pembroke: Believed to have been introduced to Wales by Flemish weavers in the Middle Ages Patronage Royal Dog of England, the favorite of Queen… …   Wikipedia

  • Welsh Corgi Cardigan — FCI Standard Nr. 38 Gruppe 1: Hütehunde …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Welsh Corgi Cardigan — Espèce …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Welsh Corgi — Pembroke Espèce …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Welsh corgi — [kôr′gē] n. [ WELSH + Welsh corgi < corr, dwarf + ci, dog] any member of either of two breeds of short legged dog with a foxlike head and erect ears, originally bred in Wales for herding cattle: the Cardigan Welsh corgi has a long tail; the… …   English World dictionary

  • Welsh corgi — one of either of two Welsh breeds of dogs having short legs, erect ears, and a foxlike head. Cf. Cardigan (def. 2), Pembroke (def. 3). [1925 30] * * * Either of two breeds of cattle dogs. The Cardigan Welsh corgi was developed from relatives of… …   Universalium

  • Welsh corgi — noun either of two Welsh breeds of long bodied short legged dogs with erect ears and a fox like head • Syn: ↑corgi • Hypernyms: ↑dog, ↑domestic dog, ↑Canis familiaris • Hyponyms: ↑Pembroke, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Welsh corgi — noun Date: 1926 a short legged long backed dog with foxy head of either of two breeds of Welsh origin: a. Cardigan Welsh corgi b. Pembroke Welsh corgi …   New Collegiate Dictionary


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