- Childeric I
Childeric I Signet ring of Childeric I. Inscription CHILDERICI REGIS ("of Childeric the king"). Found in his tomb at Tournai, now in the Monnaie de Paris King of the Salian Franks Reign 457–481/82 Predecessor Merovech Successor Clovis I Spouse Basina of Thuringia Issue Clovis I
Audoflède, Queen of the Ostrogoths
Dynasty Merovingian Father Merovech Born c. 440 Died 481/82
He succeeded his father Merovech as king, traditionally in 457 or 458 (?). With his Frankish warband he was established with his capital at Tournai, on lands which he had received as a foederatus of the Romans, and for some time he kept the peace with his allies.
In 463 in Orléans, in conjunction with the Roman General Aegidius, who was based in Soissons, he defeated the Visigoths, who hoped to extend their dominion along the banks of the Loire River. After the death of Aegidius, he first assisted Comes ("count") Paul of Angers, together with a mixed band of Gallo-Romans and Franks, in defeating the Goths and taking booty. Saxon raiders under the command of a certain Adovacrius (perhaps, but not surely Odoacer) reached Angers but Childeric arrived the next day and a battle ensued. Count Paul was killed and Childeric took the city. Childeric, having delivered Angers, followed a Saxon warband to the islands on the Atlantic mouth of the Loire, and massacred them there. In a change of alliances, he also joined forces with Odoacer, according to Gregory of Tours, to stop a band of the Alamanni who wished to invade Italy.
The stories of his expulsion by the Franks, whose women he was taking; of his eight-year stay in Thuringia with King Basin and his wife Basina; of his return when a faithful servant advised him that he could safely do so by sending to him half of a piece of gold which he had broken with him; and of the arrival in Tournai of Queen Basina, whom he married, come from Gregory of Tours' Libri Historiarum (Book ii.12).
He died in 481 and was buried in Tournai. His son Clovis succeeded him as king of the Franks.
Childeric's tomb was discovered in 1653 (May 27) by a Mason doing repairs in the church of Saint-Brice in Tournai, Belgium. Numerous precious objects were found, including a richly ornamented sword, a torse-like bracelet, jewels of gold and garnet cloisonné, gold coins, a gold bull's head and a ring with the inscription CHILDERICI REGIS ("of Childeric the king"), which identified the tomb. Some 300 golden bees were also found. Archduke Leopold William, governor of the Southern Netherlands (today's Belgium), had the find published in Latin. The treasure went first to the Habsburgs in Vienna, then as a gift to Louis XIV, who was not impressed with the treasure and stored it in the royal library, which became the Bibliothèque Nationale de France during the Revolution. Napoleon was more impressed with Childeric's bees and when he was looking for a heraldic symbol to trump the Bourbon fleur-de-lys, he settled on Childeric's bees as symbols of the French Empire.
On the night of November 5–6, 1831, the treasure of Childeric was among 80 kilos of treasure stolen from the Library and melted down for the gold. A few pieces were retrieved from where they had been hidden in the Seine, including two of the bees. The record of the treasure, however, now exists only in the fine engravings made at the time of its discovery and in some reproductions made for the Habsburgs.
- Edward James: The Franks. Oxford, 1988.
Childeric IBorn: 437 Died: 481
- Northvegr website: Gregory of Tours, Historia Francorum
- "A note on Childeric's bees": the discovery of his tomb: follow the links for the engravings of Childeric's treasure and the two remaining gold bees.
- Image of the fittings for Childeric's sword
King of the Salian Franks
Merovingian monarchsChilderic I (457–481) • Clovis I (481–511) • Childebert I (511–558) • Chlodomer (511–524) • Theuderic I (511–533) • Theudebert I (533–548) • Theudebald (548–555) • Chlothar I the Old (511–561) • Charibert I (561–567) • Guntram (561–592) • Sigebert I (561–575) • Childebert II (575–595) • Theudebert II (595–612) • Theuderic II (612–613) • Sigebert II (613) • Chilperic I (561–584) • Chlothar II the Great (584–623) • Dagobert I (623–634) • Charibert II (629–632) • Chilperic (632) • Sigebert III (634–656) • Childebert the Adopted (656–661) • Clovis II (639–657) • Chlothar III (657–673) • Childeric II (662–675) • Theuderic III (675–691) • Dagobert II (675–679) • Clovis IV (691–695) • Childebert III the Just (695–711) • Dagobert III (711–715) • Chilperic II (715–721) • Chlothar IV (717–720) • Theuderic IV (721–737) • Childeric III (743–751)
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Childeric II — Childéric II Childéric II Roi des Francs … Wikipédia en Français
Childéric II — Sou d or de Childéric II (avers et revers) frappé à Marseille. Titre Roi des Francs … Wikipédia en Français
Childeric II — (c. 653 – 675) was the king of Austrasia from 662 and of Neustria and Burgundy from 673 until his death, making him sole King of the Franks for the final two years of his life. He was the second eldest son of Clovis II. His elder brother Chlothar … Wikipedia
Childeric — (also Childerich or Childéric) was the name of several Frankish kings: Childeric I (c. 437 – c. 482) Childeric II (c. 653–673) Childeric III (died about 751) See also Hilderic (disambiguation) This disambiguation page lis … Wikipedia
Childeric — Childéric Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Childéric Ier (v. 435 481), roi des Francs ; Childéric II (v. 655 675), roi des Francs ; Childéric III (v. 700 v. 755), roi des… … Wikipédia en Français
Childéric II — (653 675), roi d Austrasie (662 675); il occupa la Neustrie de 673 à sa mort (par assassinat) … Encyclopédie Universelle
Childeric II — ▪ Merovingian king born 649 died , between Sept. 10 and Nov. 15, 675, Chelles, Fr. Merovingian king of Austrasia and briefly of all the Frankish lands. The second son of Clovis II, Childeric became king of Austrasia in 662 on the… … Universalium
Childéric — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Childéric Ier (v. 435 481), roi des Francs ; Childéric II (v. 655 675), roi des Francs ; Childéric III (v. 700 v. 755), roi des Francs ;… … Wikipédia en Français
Childeric I — ▪ Merovingian king died 481/482 king of the Salian Franks, one of the first of the Merovingians and the father of Clovis I. The Salian Franks, in treaty with the Roman Empire, had settled in Belgica Secunda, between the Meuse and… … Universalium
Childeric — Provenance. Vient du germain hild et ric Signifie : combat et puissant Se fête le 25 août. Histoire. Chhilderic est le nom de trois rois mérovingiens aux Vème et VIIIème siecle. Il n existe pas de saint patron Childeric, par conséquent il n est… … Dictionnaire des prénoms français, arabes et bretons