Piracicaba


Piracicaba

Infobox City
official_name = Piracicaba



imagesize =
image_caption =


image_




mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location of Piracicaba
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = Region
subdivision_type2 = State
subdivision_name = Brazil
subdivision_name1 = Southeast
subdivision_name2 = São Paulo
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = Barjas Negri (PSDB)
area_note =
area_total_km2 = 1369
population_as_of = 2006
population_total = 366442
population_density_km2 = 267.6
population_total =
population_metro =
timezone = UTC-3
utc_offset = -3
timezone_DST =
utc_offset_DST =
latd = 22|latm= 43|lats= 30|latNS=S
longd = 47|longm=38|longs= 56|longEW=W
elevation_ft =
website = http://www.piracicaba.sp.gov.br
footnotes =|

"'Piracicaba ation in 2004 was 0 in an area of 1,371.8 km², at an elevation of 547 m above sea level.

The place name comes from a word in the Tupi language that means "place where the fishes stop". The name is due to the beautiful waterfalls of the Piracicaba river that bisect the city, where the "piracema" (fish swimming upstream to reproduce) or larger fish species such as the dourados can still be observed.

It is famous for sugarcane plantations, traditional cane spirit production and traditional music. The city houses the oldest agricultural faculty in Brazil, the Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz of the University of São Paulo. This faculty is more than 100 years old and is located on a farm with a fantastic collection of trees and plants. Piracicaba is known by the nickname "Noiva da Colina" (the bride of the hills). Every year Piracicaba is host to the "Festa das Nações" (Fair of the Countries), where people can enjoy foods from all over the world, and the "Salão Internacional do Humor" (International Humor Exposition), where many cartoonists from all over the world display their comic drawings.

In 1766, Antonio Correa Barbosa, charged with the task of establishing a settlement on the Piracicaba river's estuary, opted for a location about 90 km from it. Piracicaba was officially founded in August 1, 1767.

Piracicaba's economy is fueled in part by the rapidly expanding sugar-cane industry. The harvesting of sugar-cane yields many products, such as sugar, oil, and alcohol. Copersucar, a large company that has a research center focusing on the genetic improvement of sugar-cane, helps fuel this growing industry.

Characteristics of the municipality

Total Area: 1,312.30 km². It is the 19th city in the State of São Paulo.

Urban area (city and districts): 158.06 km². 95% of Piracicaba's population live in the urban area.

Rural area: 1,154.24 km².

Geographic location: latitude: S 22°42'30" longitude: W 47°38'01"

Altitude: 554 m.

Weather:
*37.5°Celsius (maximum)
*18.0°. Celsius (minimum)

Rain Level: 1,230.6 mm

Distance from São Paulo, the state capital: 152 km - Bandeirantes Highway 175 km - Castelo Branco Highway.

Population: (approximately) 300,500
*Women: 151,100
*Men: 149,400
*Urban Population: 286,960
*Rural Population: 13,540

Geometric Rate of the Annual Population Increase: 1.34%

A city of young people: 37% of the population are under 19; 18% are between 20 and 30 years old; 28% are between 30 and 50; only 17 % are over 50.

The urban area consists of:
*33,093 lots
*74,759 homes
*6,907 commercial buildings
*2,228 industrial buildings

Water and Power supply: practically 100%

Number of telephones (per 1000 inhabitant): 164.26

Number of cars (per 1000 inhabitant): 333.09

Voters: 172,535


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