- Salerno Cathedral
Infobox UK cathedral
building_name =St Matthew's Cathedral
caption =Photo of St Matthew's
full_name =Cathedral Church of Matthew the Apostle
website =http:// www.cattedraledisalerno.it/
Salerno Cathedral (or
duomo) is the main church of the city of Salernoin southern Italy. It is considered the main tourist attraction of the city.
It is dedicated to
Saint Matthew, one of the four Evangelists, whose tomb is inside the "Cripta".
The Cathedral was built at the center of the "Longobard and Norman" Salerno, when the city was the capital of the
Principality of Salernoin southern Italy (that stretched from the gulf of Naplesto the Ionian sea).
Robert Guiscardin 1076during the episcopate of Alfano I on a pre-existing church (in turn erected over a Roman temple's ruins), the Duomo was consecrated by Pope Gregory VIIin 1085.
It was several times modified in the following centuries. In 1688 the architect
Ferdinando Sanfeliceremodeled in Neapolitan Baroque and Rococo Architecture the interior of the Duomo. Finally, a restoration in the 1930s brought it back to an appearance similar to the original one.Historically the Duomo is remembered as the initial symbol of the Italian Renaissance, because inside there it is the tomb of Pope Gregory VII, the "Pope of Canossa" who started the rejection from Italy of the German domination of the Holy Roman Empire.
The Duomo was damaged during the
Operation Avalanche, when the Allieslanded in Salerno in September 1943, during World War II.
The most striking external feature is the bell tower (mid-12th century), with small arcades and mullioned windows, standing 56 m high and in Arabic-Norman style. The façade has a Romanesque portal with Byzantine-style bronze doors from
Constantinople(1099), with 56 panels with figures, crosses and stories from Jesus's life. The entrance has a portico with 28 antique columns whose pointed arches, with lavarock intarsia, show influence of Arab art, and contains a series of ancient Roman sarcophagi.
The interior has a nave and two aisles, divided by pilasters in which the original columns are embedded, and three
apses. Artworks include two pulpits with mosaic decorations, paintings by Francesco Solimena, a 14th century Gothic statue of "Madonna with Child" and the sepulchres of queen Margherita of Durazzo, of Roger Borsaand of archbishop Bartolomeo d'Arpano, and the tomb of Gregory VII.
The crypt, believed to house the remains of St. Matthew, is a
groin vaulted hall with a basilica-like plan divided by columns. It was restored under design by Domenico Fontanain 1606-1608, with marble decorations added in the 18th century.
The Duomo Museum houses artworks from different ages, including the silver statues of the Salernitane Martyrs (13th century) and documents of the renowned
Schola Medica Salernitana(the first University of Europe, according to some scholars like G. Crisci).
*cite book|last=Musi|first= Aurelio|title=Salerno moderna|publisher= Editore Avagliano|location= Salerno|year=1999
* [http://www.comune.salerno.it/UserFiles/Image/duomo3.jpgPhoto of the Cripta of the Salerno Cathedral]
* [http://www.cattedraledisalerno.it/ Official website] it icon
* [http://www.insalerno.com/salerno/duomo.htm Link to an Italian page about the Cathedral]
Principality of Salerno
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Salerno (disambiguation) — Salerno a town in Campania.Salerno may also refer to:* Principality of Salerno, a South Italian state * Province of Salerno, Campania, Italy * Salerno (horse), an American racehorse * Salerno (horse breed), a warmblooded horse * University of… … Wikipedia
Salerno — Infobox Settlement official name = Salerno established title = established date = nickname = motto = website = http://www.comune.salerno.it image seal size = 85px map caption = Location of the city of Salerno (red dot) within Italy. mapsize =… … Wikipedia
Salerno — • Diocese in Campania, Southern Italy. The city is situated on the gulf of the same name, backed by a high rock crowned with an ancient castle Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Salerno Salerno … Catholic encyclopedia
Salerno — /seuh lair noh, lerr /; It. /sah lerdd naw/, n. a seaport in SW Italy: taken by U.S. forces September 1943. 161,598. * * * City (pop., 2001 prelim.: 144,078), southern Italy. Located on the Gulf of Salerno, it was founded by the Romans in 197 BC… … Universalium
Salerno — City on the Gulf of Salerno in southwest Italy (q.v.), conquered by the Lombards from Byzantium (qq.v.). It was part of the duchy of Benevento (q.v.), despite Byzantine technical sovereignty. After the Arab victory at Garigliano (q.v.) in 915 … Historical dictionary of Byzantium
SALERNO — (22), a city of South Italy, on a gulf of the name, 33 m. SE. of Naples; has some fine Gothic buildings, notably the cathedral of St. Matthew; had a European fame in the Middle Ages for its medical school and university, closed in 1817; cotton … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Principality of Salerno — The Lombard Principality of Salerno was a South Italian state, centered on the port city of Salerno, formed out of the Principality of Benevento after a decade long civil war in 851. Through its origins, it owed allegiance to the Western Emperor … Wikipedia
Alfano I (Archbishop of Salerno) — Saint Alfano I (also Alfanus or Alpuhans ; died 1085) was the Archbishop of Salerno from 1058 to his death. He was famed as a translator, writer, theologian, and medical doctor in the eleventh century. He was a physician before he became… … Wikipedia
Pistoia Cathedral — West front on the Piazza del Duomo, Pistoia The bell tower … Wikipedia
Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Salerno-Campagna-Acerno — The archdiocese of Salerno Campagna Acerno is a Roman Catholic ecclesiastical territory in Campania, southern Italy, created in 1986. The historic archdiocese of Salerno was in existence from the tenth century, having been elevated from a sixth… … Wikipedia