- Marino, Italy
img_coa = Marino (RM)-Stemma.png
official_name = Comune di Marino
province = Rome
elevation_m = 360
area_total_km2 = 26.10
December 31, 2006
population_total = 37684
image_caption=View of the historical centre.
population_density_km2 = 1443
timezone = CET, UTC+1
coordinates = coord|41|46|N|12|40|E
frazioni = Cava dei Selci,
Frattocchie, Santa Maria delle Mole, Sassone
telephone = 06
postalcode = 00047
gentilic = Marinesi
saint = San Barnaba
mayor = Adriano Palozzi
website = [http://www.comune.marino.rm.it www.comune.marino.rm.it]
Marino ("Marinum" or "Castrimoenium" in
latin, "Marini" in local dialect) is an Italian cityand " comune" in Lazio(central Italy), on the Alban Hills, Italy, 21km south east of Rome, with population of 37.684 [It's the third " comune" in Alban Hillsfor population, after Velletriand Albano Laziale.] and a territory of 26.10 km [It's the fourth " comune" in the Alban Hillsfor territory, after Velletri, Rocca di Papaand Rocca Priora.] . It's bounded by other communes, Castel Gandolfo, Albano Laziale, Rocca di Papa, Grottaferrata, and Ciampino. [ Ciampinowas a " frazione" of Marino up to December 1974.]
Marino is famous for his white
wine, and for the connected "Grape Festival", being celebrated since 1924.
The territory of Marino was inhabited by
Latintribes since the 1st millennium BC. The ancient cities of "Bovillae" ( Frattocchie), "Mugilla" (Santa Maria delle Mole, a " frazione" of the "comune" of Marino) and "Ferentum" (Marino itself) were part of the Latin League. Under the Roman Republicit was a summer resort for Roman patricians, who built luxurious villas in the area.
In 846 AD Bovillae, till now the largest settlement, was destroyed by the
Saracens, and the population moved to the more easily defendable area of Ferentum, which was fortified under the new name of Marino. Since 1090 it was a dominium of the Counts of Tusculum, and later a fief of the Frangipaneand, since 1266, the Orsini. In 1272 San Bonaventura founded here the first confraterniteof Italy. [ [http://www.prolocomarino.it/storia_tradizioni_it.htm] ]
In 1347 it was besieged in vain by
Cola di Rienzo. Fifty years later it was the seat of the battle between Alberico da Barbianoand the French troops supporting Antipope Clement VII. In 1419 it was bought by the Colonna, who maintained it until 1914.
Marino hosted famous historical figures, from
Charles VIII of Franceto Alfonso II d'Esteand many others. Vittoria Colonnawas born in Marino in 1492 and lived there part of her life. In 1571 Marino's people welcomed Marcantonio Colonna, a protagonist of the Battle of Lepanto, with a triumph, remembered yearly by a festival.
It became part of Italy in 1870.
March 14 1880the railway Rome-Ciampino-Marino was opened for service. On April 1 1906an electric tramline replaced the former. In 1954 the electric tram line was replaced by buses.
February 2 1944, during World War II, Marino was heavily bombed by USAAF aircraft.
*Basilic of "San Barnaba" (17th century). It is in Baroque style, with a 1653 imposing façade. The interior is on the Latin cross with a nave and two aisles. Among the other artworks, it houses the "Martyr of St. Bartholomew" by
Guercinoand a bust of St. Anthony the Abbot by Ercole Ferrata.
*Church of the "Santissima Trinità" (1640). It houses a "Mystery of the Holy Trinity", now recognized as from a pupil of
Santa Maria delle Grazie". It has a single nave with side chapels. It is home to a painting of "St. Roch" attributed to Domenichinoand, in a niche at the high altar, a fresco attributed to Benozzo Gozzoli(15th century)
*"Chiesa del SS. Rosario" (1713), a noteworthy example of
*"Palazzo Colonna" (16th century)
*"Fontana dei Mori", depicting prisoners from the aforementioned
Battle of Lepanto.
Mithraeum, with an important fresco (2nd century AD) portraying the God Mithra slaughtering the bull.
*Grape Festival (Italian: "Sagra dell'uva"): Every 1st Sunday of October. This festival is very famous in the surrounding area because, for about one hour, some of the city's fountains spill wine instead of water, recalling the memory of the old vintage and the historical event of the return in Marino of
Marcantonio Colonnawith 260 "Marinesi" from the Battle of Lepanto( 1571-10-07).
*Doughnut Festival (Italian: "Sagra della ciambella al mosto"): Every 2nd Sunday of October. The doughnut (ring-shaped cake) made with flour, raisins and must (grape juice) is a typical product, a "marinese" cake, of limited production, only in the time of vintage, a tradition based on a recipe of the 17th century.
Boulogne Billancourt, France
Hammersmith, United Kingdom
Famous citizens and residents
Vittoria Colonna, poet
Giacomo Carissimi, musician
Domenico Pacini, physicist
Giuseppe Ungaretti, poet
Umberto Mastroianni, artist
Hans Werner Henze, composer
Jacoba of Settesoli, ( Torre Astura, 1190 – Assisi, 1236) disciple of St Francis of Assisi
* [http://www.prolocomarino.it/ History and culture in Marino] it icon
* [http://www.sagramarino.altervista.org/ The "sagra" of Marino] it icon
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