- Lockout (industry)
A lockout is a
work stoppagein which an employerprevents employees from working. This is different from a strike, in which employees refuse to work.
A lockout may happen for several reasons. When only part of a
trade unionvotes to strike, the purpose of a lockout is to put pressure on a union by reducing the number of members who are able to work. For example, if a group of the workers strike so that the work of the rest of the workers becomes impossible or less productive, the employer may declare a lockout until the workers end the strike.
Another case in which an employer may impose a lockout is to avoid
slowdowns or intermittent work-stoppages. Occupation of factorieshas been the traditional method of response to lock-outs by the workers' movement.
Other times, particularly in the United States, a lockout occurs when union membership rejects the company's last and final offer at negotiations and offers to return to work under the same conditions of employment as existed under the now expired contract. In such a case, the lockout is designed to pressure the workers into accepting the terms of the company's last offer.
The term "lockin" refers to the practice of physically preventing workers from leaving a workplace. In most jurisdictions this is illegal but is occasionally reported, especially in some developing countries.Fact|date=January 2008
United States, under Federal labor law, an employer may only hire temporary replacements during a lockout. In a strike, unless it is an unfair labor practice(ULP) strike, an employer may legally hire permanent replacements. Also, in many U.S. states, employees who are locked-out are eligible to receive unemployment benefits, but are not eligible for such benefits during a strike.Fact|date=April 2008
For the above reasons, many American employers have historically been reluctant to impose lockouts, instead attempting to provoke a strike. However, as American unions have increasingly begun to resort to slowdowns rather than strikes, lockouts have come "back in fashion" for many employers, and even as incident of strikes are on the decline, incidents of lockouts are on the rise in the U.S.Fact|date=March 2008
Recent notable lockout incidents have been reported in professional sports, notably involving the NBA and NHL.Fact|date=December 2007
FaSinPat, an Argentine recovered factoryfollowing a lockout
* [http://libcom.org/tags/lockouts New and histories of lockouts] , on libcom.org
* [http://www.easf.org.uk/wiki/index.php?title=1872:_The_great_farm_lockouts Account of the great farm lockout of 1872] on EASF
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Lockout — may mean:* Lockout (industry), a work stoppage in which an employer prevents some or all employees from working * Lockout (telecommunication), a system to prevent unwanted signals * A daytime period in some hostels during which guests are… … Wikipedia
Lockout-Tagout — and placing it in such a position that no hazardous power sources can be turned on. The procedure requires that a tag be affixed to the locked device indicating that it should not be turned on.When two or more subcontractors are working on… … Wikipedia
Regional lockout — is the programming practice, code, chip, or physical barrier used to prevent the playing of media designed for a device from the country where it is marketed on the version of the same device marketed in another country.ExamplesVideo games*In the … Wikipedia
Slate industry in Wales — The slate industry in Wales began during the Roman period when slate was used to roof the fort at Segontium, now Caernarfon. The slate industry grew slowly until the early 18th century, then expanded rapidly until the late 19th century, at which… … Wikipedia
2006 Progressive Enterprises dispute — The 2006 Progressive Enterprises Dispute was an industrial dispute between New Zealand supermarket company Progressive Enterprises and employees represented by the National Distribution Union and the EPMU. On August 25 2006, over 500 employees at … Wikipedia
Capital strike — refers to the withholding of new investment in an economy. A capital strike most often occurs where governments pursue policies that investors consider unfriendly or inflexible. In response, governments typically act to appease investors; however … Wikipedia
Replacement worker — is a term that refers to employees hired to replace current, striking, or recently fired workers. For possible uses of this term see: * Strike action * Lockout (industry) * H 1B visa * L 1 visa * Outsourcing … Wikipedia
Nintendo Entertainment System — NES redirects here. For other uses, see NES (disambiguation). Family Computer redirects here. For the 1977 VideoBrain product, see VideoBrain Family Computer. Nintendo Entertainment System Nintendo Family Computer (Famicom) … Wikipedia
David Falk — David B. Falk Born 1 Long Island, New York Residence Rockville, Maryland Nationality U.S … Wikipedia
LABOR — Jewish Labor Organizations IN THE PRE STATE PERIOD Since the last decades of the 19th century, a number of sporadic labor associations have arisen in agriculture and in the printing, clothing, and building trades, as well as groups limited to a… … Encyclopedia of Judaism