- Jacopo Berengario da Carpi
Jacopo Berengario da Carpi (1460-1530) was an Italian physician. His book "Anatomia Carpi" published in 1535 made him the most important anatomist before
Jacopo Berengario da Carpi was the son of a
surgeon. As a youth he assisted his father in surgical work, and his surgical skills became the basis of his later work as a physician. In his late teens, through the association of his family with Lionello Pio, Berengario came under the tutelage of the great humanist printer, Aldo Manuziowho came to Carpi to tutor Alberto Pioand apparently included Berengario in his instruction. In the 1480’s, Berengario attended university in Bolognareceiving his degree in medicine in 1489.
Fame through mercury cure for syphilis
After obtaining his degree, Berengario returned to his father and assisted him with his surgery practice for a short time, but the influx of the “French disease” in 1494 provided Berengario with a chance to advance his career as a physician. Traveling to
Rome, he treated several patients who suffered from the ailment. Judging by an admittedly one-sided account, his work in Rome was a mix of financial success and medical failure. As quoted in Lind’s introduction to the Isagoge, Benvenuto Celliniprovided a scathing account of Berengario’s practice of treating syphiliswith doses of mercury while charging “hundreds of crowns” paid in advance. Berengario apparently developed enough of a reputation that the Popeinvited him into his service, but he turned down the offer and left Rome shortly thereafter.
Anatomy in Bologna
Shortly after his work in Rome, he was appointed
Maestro nello Studioat Bologna, a university whose faculty were only rarely foreign and then only when they were scholars of considerable reputations. Berengario’s reputation and personal connections with powerful patrons were indeed quite strong. In 1504, the Pope granted him Bolognese citizenship, and he was asked to treat distinguished patients on several occasions including Alessandro Soderini(relative of a Cardinal and part of the Medici family) in 1513 and Lorenzo dei Medici, Duke of Urbinoin 1517. Along with his reputation, Berengario increased his wealth becoming a collector of a variety of artworks including a Roman statue, a painting attributed to Raphaeland a pair of vases by Celliniand eventually a house large enough to hold them all.
By all accounts, Berengario was both a popular teacher and an accomplished cultivator of powerful friends. Official university records indicate his success as a teacher over one of his colleagues. He was adept enough at diplomacy to be made court surgeon to the
Duke of Ferrarain 1529 after leaving Bologna despite having been condemned to pay a fine or have his nose cut off in 1500 for speaking insultingly of that ducal court. Berengario’s personality is commonly characterized by citing his tendency to violent confrontation. In 1511, he attacked and robbed a stipendiary of the Pope. Also in 1511, he attacked a doctor who sought refuge in a nearby house. The wife of the owner of the house was injured in the process. In 1520, for reasons not quite clear, Berengario along with an entourage attacked the home of Zambelli Petenghiwith the intention of taking possession of it and killing its owner. Unable to gain entry, he was forced to content himself with doing damage to the house instead. Apparently due to his personal connections, he remained unpunished for any of his misdeeds.
Berengario’s publishing record began in 1514 with an edition of
Mondino. In 1518 he published his De fractura craneiand in 1521 his Commentary on Mondino. The Commentary was then supplemented by the Isagoge Brevesin 1522 which was a greatly condensed version of the same work “for the common use of all good men”.
Berengario made several important advances in
anatomyincluding the first anatomical text augmented by illustrations, "Anatomia Carpi. Isagoge breves perlucide ac uberime, in Anatomiam humani corporis". [http://www.nlm.nih.gov/dreamanatomy/da_g_I-A-1-02.html] This book emphasized the sensory over textual versions of the truth, an emphasis on dissectionof human cadavers, some first denials of Galenic anatomy based on personal experience in dissection, and a preference for dissection of numerous bodies following a specific program of investigation. For example, he denied the existence of Galen's rete mirabile. Later Vesaliusclaimed "he" was the first to do so. . L.R. Lind Studies in Pre-Vesalian Anatomy. Biography, translations, documents. The American Philosophical Society, 1975
Putti, Berengario da Carpi, Saggio Biografico e Bibliografico Seguito dalla Traduzione del “De Fractura Calvae Sive Cranei”,L. Capelli, Bologna, 1937
L.R. Lind (trans), “Berengario da Carpi on Fracture of the Skull or Cranium”, Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, 80(4), 1990
* [http://www.nlm.nih.gov/exhibition/historicalanatomies/berengario_home.html Jacopo Berengario da Carpi: Isagogae breues, perlucidae ac uberrimae, in anatomiam humani corporis a communi medicorum academia usitatam (Bologna, 1523)] . Selected pages scanned from the original work. Historical Anatomies on the Web. US National Library of Medicine.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
См. также в других словарях:
Jacopo Berengario da Carpi — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Carpi. Illustration anatomique de Jacopo Berengario da Carpi représentant une femme enceinte dont l utérus est visible. Jacopo Berengario da Carpi, né vers 1 … Wikipédia en Français
Jacopo Berengario da Carpi — Anatomische Darstellung einer Schwangeren mit eröffnetem Unterleib Jacopo Berengario da Carpi (auch: Giacomo, Jacobus, Petrus Berengarius oder Carpus; * um 1470 in Carpi; † um 1530), war der bedeutendste vorvesalische Anatom. Sein Vater war… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Berengario da Carpi — Jacopo Berengario da Carpi Pour les articles homonymes, voir Carpi. Illustration anatomique de Jacopo Berengario da Carpi représentant une femme … Wikipédia en Français
Giacomo Berengario da Carpi — Jacopo Berengario da Carpi (also known as Jacobus Berengarius Carpensis, Jacopo Barigazzi, Giacomo Berengario da Carpi or simply Carpus) (c. 1460 ndash; c. 1530), was born in Carpi, Modena in about 1460, the son of a surgeon. While young, he was… … Wikipedia
Jacobus Berengario da Carpi — Anatomische Darstellung einer Schwangeren mit eröffnetem Unterleib Jacopo Berengario da Carpi (auch: Giacomo, Jacobus, Petrus Berengarius oder Carpus; * um 1470 in Carpi; † um 1530), war der bedeutendste vorvesalische Anatom. Sein Vater war… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Carpi (Provinz Modena) — Carpi … Deutsch Wikipedia
Carpi — ist der Name folgender Orte: Carpi (Provinz Modena) in Italien Carpi (Provinz Verona) (auch Carpi d Adige) in Italien Carpi (Titularbistum) Carpi ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Antonio Maria da Carpi (nachweisbar von 1495 bis 1504),… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Carpi (Italie) — Carpi Administration Pays Italie … Wikipédia en Français
Carpi — may refer to: * Carpi plural form of carpus, the cluster of bones in the hand between the radius and ulna and the metacarpus * Carpi (Modena), a large town in the province of Modena, Italy * Carpi, an ancient Dacian tribe * Jacopo Berengario da… … Wikipedia
Da Carpi — Jacopo Berengario da Carpi Pour les articles homonymes, voir Carpi. Illustration anatomique de Jacopo Berengario da Carpi représentant une femme … Wikipédia en Français