A correspondent or on-the-scene reporter is a journalist or commentator, or more general speaking, an agent who contributes reports to a newspaper, or radio or television news, or another type of company, from a remote, often distant, location. A foreign correspondent is stationed in a foreign country. The term correspondent refers to the original practice of filing news reports via postal letter. The largest networks of correspondents belong to ARD (Germany) and BBC (UK).
Reporter vs. correspondent
A correspondent generally includes some of his/her own perspective on the news. For example, a correspondent is expected to provide considerable context to the events being chronicled. A reporter, on the other hand, offers largely fact-based reporting.
In Britain the term 'correspondent' usually refers to someone with a specific specialist area, such as health correspondent. A 'reporter' is usually someone without such expertise who is allocated stories by the newsdesk on any story in the news.
A war correspondent covers stories first-hand from a war zone. It is perhaps the most dangerous form of journalism.
A foreign bureau is a news bureau set up to support a news gathering operation in a foreign country.
On-the-scene TV news
In TV news, a "live on-the-scene" reporter reports from the field during a "live shot". This has become an extremely popular format with the advent of Eyewitness News.
A recent cost-saving measure is for local TV news to dispense with out-of-town reporters and replace them with syndicated correspondents, usually supplied by a centralized news reporting agency. The producers of the show schedule time with the correspondent, who then appears "live" to file a report and chat with the hosts. The reporter will go and do a number of similar reports for other stations. Many viewers may be unaware that the reporter does not work directly for the news show. This is also a popular way to report the weather. For example, AccuWeather doesn't just supply data, they also supply on-air meteorologists from television studios at their headquarters. 
- From Our Own Correspondent
- Letter from America
- List of foreign correspondents in the Spanish Civil War
- Parachute journalism
- People's correspondent
- John Pory
- Press pool
- Reporters Without Borders
- Stringer (journalism)
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Correspondent — Cor re*spond ent ( ent), a. [Cf. F. correspondant.] Suitable; adapted; fit; corresponding; congruous; conformable; in accord or agreement; obedient; willing. [1913 Webster] Action correspondent or repugnant unto the law. Hooker. [1913 Webster] As … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
correspondent — I adjective adapted, agreeable, agreed, akin, analogous, answerable, apposite, appropriate, belonging, coequal, coextensive, cognate, coincidental, coinciding, collateral, comfortable, comparable, commensurable, complementary, concomitant,… … Law dictionary
Correspondent — Cor re*spond ent, n. 1. One with whom intercourse is carried on by letter. Macaulay. [1913 Webster] 2. One who communicates information, etc., by letter or telegram to a newspaper or periodical. [1913 Webster] 3. (Com.) One who carries on… … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Correspondent — Correspondent, 1) Jemand, der correspondirt, d.h. mit einem Andern in brieflichem Verkehre steht; 2) der Commis, welcher auf einem Comptoire die Beantwortung der eingehenden Briefe besorgt;  3) (Berichterstatter), Jemand, der über Waaren u.… … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
correspondent — early 15c., adj., having an analogous relationship (to), a sense taken up since 19c. by CORRESPONDING (Cf. corresponding); from M.L. correspondentem, prp. of correspondere (see CORRESPOND (Cf. correspond)). Meaning one who communicates with… … Etymology dictionary
correspondent — [n] person communicating in writing contributor, epistler, epistolarian, freelancer, gazetteer, journalist, letter writer, pen pal, reporter, stringer*, writer; concepts 348,423 … New thesaurus
correspondent — ► NOUN 1) a person who writes letters, especially on a regular basis. 2) a journalist reporting on a particular subject or from a particular country. ► ADJECTIVE ▪ corresponding … English terms dictionary
correspondent — [kôr΄əspän′dənt] adj. [ME < ML correspondens, prp. of correspondere,CORRESPOND] corresponding; agreeing; matching; analogous n. 1. a thing that corresponds; correlate 2. a) a person who exchanges letters with another b) a person who writes to… … English World dictionary
correspondent — A financial organization that performs services (acts as an intermediary) in a market for another organization that does not have access to that market. Bloomberg Financial Dictionary * * * correspondent cor‧re‧spon‧dent [ˌkɒrˈspɒndənt ǁ… … Financial and business terms
correspondent — 1 noun (C) 1 someone who is employed by a newspaper or a television station etc to report news from a particular area or on a particular subject: Our correspondent in South Africa sent this report. | the political correspondent for The Times 2… … Longman dictionary of contemporary English