- Bihar (county)
Infobox Former Subdivision
conventional_long_name = Bihar County
common_name = Bihar
subdivision = County
nation = the
Kingdom of Hungary
s1 = Bihor County
s2 = Hajdú-Bihar
year_start = 11th century
event_end = Treaty of Trianon
year_end = 1920
date_end = June 4
capital = Nagyvárad
stat_area1 = 10657
stat_pop1 = 646300
stat_year1 = 1910
Oradeais the current name of the capital.:"For current affairs, see Bihor Countyand Hajdú-BiharCounty"Bihar is the name of a historic administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory is presently mostly in north-western Romania, where it is administered as Bihor County, and a smaller part in eastern Hungary. The capital of the county was Nagyvárad; the city now lies in Romania under the Romanian name of "Oradea".
Bihar county shared borders with the Hungarian counties Békés, Hajdú, Szabolcs,
Szatmár, Szilágy, Kolozs, Torda-Aranyosand Arad. Three tributaries of the river Criş/Körös flow through the county ( Crişul Repede, Crişul Negruand Berettyó). The western half of the county is in the Pannonian plain, while the eastern half is part of the Apusenimountains. Its area was 10,657 km² around 1910.
Bihar was one of the oldest counties of the
Kingdom of Hungary, formed before the twelfth century.
In 1876 the Kingdom of Hungary was divided into seven Circles, with a total of 64 counties [H. Wickham Steed, Walter Alison Phillips, and David Hannay , "A Short History of Austria-Hungary and Poland", (London: Encyclopaedia Britannica Company) 1914. [http://historicaltextarchive.com/hungary/counties.html On-line] .] The Circle on the left bank of the Theiss contained eight counties, including Bihar Megye ("Megye" means county), with the other seven being Békés, Hajdú,
Máramaros, Szabolcs, Szatmár, Szilágyand Ugocsa. Bihar county in the Austro-Hungarian Empirecontained Debrecenand Nagyvárad.
In 1918/19 (confirmed by the
Treaty of Trianon1920), about 75% of the county became part of Romania. The west of the county remained in Hungary. The capital of this smaller county Bihar was Berettyóújfalu. After World War II, the Hungarian county Bihar was merged with Hajdú county to form Hajdú-Biharcounty. The southernmost part of Hungarian Bihar (the area around Sarkadand Okány) went to Békés county.
Romanian part of former Bihar county now forms the Romanian county Bihor, except the southernmost part (around Beliu), which is in Arad county. This part was occupied by Hungary between 1940-1944 during World War II.
In the early 20th century, the districts ("járás") and their capitals were:
The towns of
Derecske, Berettyóújfalu, Biharnagybajomand Biharkeresztesare presently in Hungary, while the other towns mentioned are in Romania.
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