- British Overseas Territories Act 2002
The British Overseas Territories Act 2002 (2002 c. 8) is an
Act of Parliamentpassed in the United Kingdomin 2002, which superseded parts of the British Nationality Act 1981. It makes provision for the renaming of the "British Dependent Territories" as British Overseas Territories, and the renaming of associated citizenship. It further grants, from 21 May 2002, British citizenshipto anyone holding British Overseas Territories citizenship on that date (with the exception of those solely connected with the Cyprus Sovereign Base Areas), whereas previously this was available only to people from Gibraltarand the Falkland Islands.
The "qualifying territories" for the purposes of the 2002 Act include the
British Indian Ocean Territory(BIOT) and the British Antarctic Territory. At the time, there was discussion as to whether either of these territories should be treated as "qualifying territories" for the purposes of the Act, when neither have a permanent population and in the case of the British Antarctic Territorythere are competing territorial claims that are held in abeyance.
Although it is not normally possible under either territory's immigration laws to acquire
British Overseas Territories citizenship(BOTC) by naturalisation in that territory, the former inhabitants of the BIOT still hold BOTC by virtue of their birth, or a parent's birth, in that territory. It also appears that at least one person ( Emilio Palma) holds British nationality by virtue of birth in the British Antarctic Territoryprior to 1983.
Although it was not usual for citizens to acquire British citizenship under the previous
British Nationality Act 1981, if their connection was solely to the British colony or territory, this has now been made automatic. [http://www.fco.gov.uk/servlet/Front?pagename=OpenMarket/Xcelerate/ShowPage&c=Page&cid=1013618138355#acquire] The only exception to this is for those connected solely with the sovereign military base in Cyprus.
This has allowed residents of British Overseas Territories to apply for a passport describing them as a citizen, to join the UK armed and police forces, and to exercise rights under the Human Rights Act.
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islandswas included in the scope of the Act mainly due to its former association with the Falkland Islands. The 2002 Act is similar in scope to the British Nationality (Falkland Islands) Act 1983and repealed that Act (without affecting the validity of any acquisition of British citizenship under that legislation).
Those acquiring British overseas territories citizenship after
21 May 2002may usually be registered as British citizens under s4A of the 1981 Act.
While citizens of all the Overseas Territories (except the Sovereign Base Areas) now have the right of abode in the UK, this is not reciprocal, as UK citizens visiting Overseas Territories are subject to local immigration controls, and require residence or work permits.
British nationality law
History of British nationality law
British Overseas Territories citizen
* [http://www.opsi.gov.uk/acts/acts2002/20020008.htm Full text of the Act]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
British Overseas Territories Act 2002 — Der British Overseas Territories Act 2002 (2002, Kapitel 8) ist ein Gesetz, das 2002 vom britischen Parlament verabschiedet wurde. Es ersetzte teilweise den British Nationality Act 1981 und legte unter anderem die Umbenennung der Britischen… … Deutsch Wikipedia
British Overseas Territories — British Overseas Territories … Wikipedia
British overseas territories — The British Overseas Territories are fourteen territories that are under the sovereignty of the United Kingdom, but which do not form part of the United Kingdom itself. [http://www.fco.gov.uk/servlet/Front?pagename=OpenMarket/Xcelerate/ShowPage c … Wikipedia
British Overseas Territories citizen — The status of British Overseas Territories citizen relates to persons holding British nationality by virtue of a connection with a British Overseas Territory.British Nationality Act 1981The British Nationality Act 1981 came into force on 1… … Wikipedia
British Overseas citizen — In British nationality law, the status of British Overseas citizen (BOC) is one of several categories of British national. A British Overseas citizen does not have an automatic right to live in the United Kingdom.British Nationality Act 1981The… … Wikipedia
British nationality law and Hong Kong — British nationality law as it pertains to Hong Kong has been a unique situation ever since Hong Kong was created a British colony in 1842. With its beginning as a trading port to today s cosmopolitan international financial centre, the territory… … Wikipedia
British subject — British Commonwealth citizenship … Wikipedia
British nationality law — Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom British nationality law is the law of the United Kingdom that concerns citizenship and other categories of British nationality. The law is complex because of the United Kingdom s former status as an imperial… … Wikipedia
British Nationality Act 1981 — The British Nationality Act 1981 was an Act of Parliament passed by the British Parliament concerning British nationality. It has been the basis of British nationality law since 1 January 1983.HistoryIn the mid 1970s the British Government… … Wikipedia
British Antarctic Territory — Infobox country native name = conventional long name = British Antarctic Territory common name = British Antarctic Territory symbol type = Coat of arms national motto = Research and Discovery national anthem = God Save the Queen royal anthem =… … Wikipedia