Eldoret is a
townin western Kenyaand the administrative centre of Uasin Gishu Districtof Rift Valley Province. Lying south of the Cherangani Hills, the local elevation varies from about 2100 metres above sea level at the airport to more than 2700 metres in nearby areas (7000-9000 feet). The population was 193,830 in 1999 (census), [ "Population of Local Authorities" (with towns), Government of Kenya, 1999, webpage: [http://treasury.go.ke/cbs.go.ke/pdf/authority.pdf GovtKenya-Population-PDF] .] and it is currently the fastest growing town in Kenya, and currently the 5th largest in Kenya.
The name "Eldoret" is based on the
Maasaiword "eldare" meaning "stony river" "The town of Eldoret" (history), Delft University of Technology(TUDelft), Netherlands, October 2004, webpage: [http://www.kenya.tudelft.nl/en/kenia/eldoret.html TUDelft-Eldoret] .] because the bed of the nearby Sosiani Riveris very stony. The white settlers decided to call it Eldoret to make it easier for them to pronounce it. At start of the colonial era, the area was occupied by the Nandi, before that by the Maasaiand before that the Sirikwa.
The official town site of Eldoret itself started in 1910 with a Post Office on what was known to the white settlers as "Farm 64", "64" or "Sisibo" to the locals because, at that time it was 64 miles from the newly built
Uganda Railwayrailhead at Kibigori. [ [http://www.mu.ac.ke/eldoret/eldhis.html eldoret ] ] Willy van Aardt owned the farm. Peter van Aardt, now living in England, is Willy's great grandson. The Central Lounge in Eldoret is all that remains of Willy's farm.
In 1908, the Eldoret area had been settled by
Afrikaans-speaking South Africans who "trekked" there from Nakuruafter a journey from South Africa by sea and by rail from Mombasa. Other European and Asian settlers and traders began arriving shortly afterwards.
When the governor decided to establish an administrative centre, the Post Office was renamed from "64" with the official town name as "Eldoret" in 1912. Becoming an administrative centre caused an enormous increase in trade within the prospective city. A bank and several shops were built.
Uganda Railwayextension, from Kibigori toward Uganda, reached Eldoret in 1924, starting a new era of prosperity and growth. In 1928, a piped water supply from the Sosiani River was installed. In 1933, the East African Power and Lighting Company installed an electricity generator plant. By that time, Eldoret had a small airport, and low-rental housing had been constructed. Daniel arap Moiwas born in the neighbouring Baringo District, and under his presidency, the town was developed further.
Moi Universitywas established by the government, and named after the country's 2nd president Daniel arap Moi.
On January 1, 2008 a mob attacked and set fire to a church in the town, where hundreds of people had taken refuge during Kenyan massacres. As a result, up to 40 people, mostly Kikuyus, were burned to death.
Lucas Sangwas murdered in the town while on his way home, when violence gripped Kenya in December 2007 in the aftermath of controversial presidential elections.
Eldoret is governed by a municipal council. The municipality is divided into thirteen wards. Six of them (Eldoret North, Huruma, Kamukunji, Kapyemit, Kidiwa/Kapsuswa, and Stadium/Industrial) are in
Eldoret North Constituency, Three (Hospital, Kapsoya and Kimumu/Sergoit) are in Eldoret East Constituency, and the remaining four (Kipkenyo, Langas, Pioneer/ Elgon Viewand Race Course) are part of Eldoret South Constituency. All of these three constituencies have more wards within other local authorities than Eldoret municipality [Electoral Commission of Kenya: [http://www.eck.or.ke/downloads/pollingcentres.pdf "Registration centres by electoral area and constituency"] ] .
The current mayor of Eldoret is Jonah Maiyo.
The town is now home to a large
market, Moi Universityand Eldoret International Airport. It is also known for its cheesefactory. Major industries include textiles, wheat, pyrethrumand corn. The town has a number of factories.
Eldoret is home to
Moi Universitywith a student population of 14,855 as of 2006. The second medical school in Kenya, Moi Teaching and Referral Hospital (MTRH), is also located in within the city limits of Eldoret Town.
Eldoret Polytechnic, the third national
polytechnic, is also located in the town.
Eldoret is the hometown of numerous legendary Kenyan runners, the most renowned of whom is
Kipchoge Keino. The high altitude is an ideal training ground for many middle and long distance athletes. The runners from Eldoret have contributed significantly to the economy of Eldoret town from their winnings in races all over the world.
Eldoret is also surrounded by a very agricultural area, and for this reason is home to many farmers, some of whom carry a lot of political and economic clout, including the Kibogys and the Chemwenos.
Eldoret is also home to a number nationally recognised manufacturing industries like Raiplywoods, Ken-Knit and Lochab Brothers. All these industries were set up and developed by some of the oldest indian origin famillies in the rift valley region namely The Rai's, The Shah's and The Lochab's.
Eldoret has a number of estates. Almost each estate has it identity. Some of the estates include;
Elgon View, Langas, Huruma, Kapsoya, Kahoya, West Indies, West, Kipkaren, Kimumu, Jerusalem, Pioneer among many others
There is a growing professional crowd emerging in Eldoret now, whose presence is being felt in the town. Due to the Moi Referral and Teaching Hospital and Eldoret Hospital, there is a host of experienced doctors. Among lawyers, the oldest firm in the region is Nyairo and Company, that was founded by
Momanyi Alfred Nyairoin the sixties and is now run by his son, A.K. Nyairo.
Eldoret is also home to the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF)'s High Altitude Training Center for Kenyan and international athletes.
Eldoret International Airportserves the city and was voted the cleanest airport in the country in 2001. The Trans -African highway also passes through the town. It is also served by the Kenya-Uganda railway. [http://www.nationaudio.com/News/DailyNation/14032001/News/News35.html "Eldoret airport voted cleanest"] , " The Daily Nation", 14 March, 2001.]
Indiana, United States (2007) [ [http://www.indygov.org/NR/rdonlyres/1F65860D-D840-4F9E-996B-8A34FF24EF6F/0/100807min.pdf Indianapolis City County Council Minutes] ( 2007-10-8).]
New York, United States [ [http://www.news10now.com/content/all_news/tompkinscortland_county/?SecID=111&ArID=104809 News 10 Now:Race to get sister city relationship running] ]
Minnesota, United States (2000) [ [http://www.sister-cities.org/icrc/directory/Africa/Kenya SCI: Sister Cities International] ]
* [http://www.fallingrain.com/world/KE/8/Eldoret.html Local Maps]
* [http://www.eldoret.info] Eldoret Community Website
* [http://cheptiret.com Information on the people around Eldoret]
* [http://home.hccnet.nl/theovlaar/raynestor/index.html] Ray Nestor Paintings Gallery
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Eldoret — Basisdaten Einwohner 230.000 Einw. Koordinaten … Deutsch Wikipedia
Eldoret — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Eldoret Bandera … Wikipedia Español
Eldoret — Administration Pays Kenya Distric … Wikipédia en Français
Eldoret — Eldoret, Industrie und Handelsstadt in Westkenia, an der Ugandabahn, 2 090 m über dem Meeresspiegel, 104 900 Einwohner; Nahrungsmittel , Textil , Baumaschinenindustrie; in der Umgebung Weizen , Mais , Pyrethrumanbau und intensive Milch und… … Universal-Lexikon
Eldoret — Original name in latin Eldoret Name in other language EDL, Ehldoret, Eldoret, Olderet, Olteret, Элдорет State code KE Continent/City Africa/Nairobi longitude 0.52036 latitude 35.26992 altitude 2095 Population 218446 Date 2013 06 28 … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Eldoret — ▪ Kenya town, western Kenya, on the Uasin Gishu Plateau west of the Great Rift Valley. Situated at an elevation of 6,857 feet (2,090 metres) above sea level, it has a healthful climate that attracted many European settlers during the… … Universalium
Eldoret — ► C. del O de Kenia, en la prov. de Rift Valley; 51 000 h … Enciclopedia Universal
Eldoret North Constituency — is an electoral constituency in Kenya. It is one of three constituencies in Uasin Gishu District. The constituency was established for the 1966 elections.The current Eldoret North MP is William Ruto, a prominent Kenyan politician. Members of… … Wikipedia
Eldoret International Airport — Infobox Airport name = Eldoret Airport IATA = EDL ICAO = HKEL type = Public owner = operator = Kenya Airports Authority city served = Eldoret, Kenya location = elevation f = 6,838 elevation m = 2,116 website = metric rwy = r1 number = r1 length m … Wikipedia
Eldoret KCC — Infobox club sportif Eldoret KCC Pas de logo ? Importez le logo de ce club. Généralités Fondation St … Wikipédia en Français