Depending on denomination, local custom, and the status of the minister, the building inhabited (or formerly inhabited) by the leader of a local Christian church can be referred to by one of several names. In Roman Catholic churches it is often called a rectory, sometimes a presbytery. Traditionally, Catholic rectories housed several priests from a parish, as opposed to other denominations where the church leader is often married and raising children.

In churches that are members of the Anglican Communion, the building will most commonly be called a rectory or vicarage, depending on the status of the incumbent. Methodists might refer to it as a manse or parsonage, while the latter is quite frequently used in English-speaking Lutheran churches. Manse is the usual name for the house of a Church of Scotland minister. These homes are traditionally owned and maintained by the church, as a benefit to their minister. The practice continues to this day in many denominations because of the tendency of church officials to be sent from one church to another at relatively frequent intervals. Many buildings described as "vicarage" or "rectory" that are sold by the church retain their former names, often qualified, such as "The Old Rectory", etc.

See also

* Manse
* Rector

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  • Rectory — Rec to*ry ( t?*r?), n.; pl. {Rectories} ( r?z). [Cf. OF. rectorie or rectorerie, LL. rectoria.] 1. The province of a rector; a parish church, parsonage, or spiritual living, with all its rights, tithes, and glebes. [1913 Webster] 2. A rector s… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • rectory — 1530s, from Fr. rectorie (14c.) or M.L. rectoria, from rector (see RECTOR (Cf. rector)). Originally benefice held by a rector; of his residence, from 1849 …   Etymology dictionary

  • rectory — ► NOUN (pl. rectories) 1) a rector s house. 2) a Church of England benefice held by a rector …   English terms dictionary

  • rectory — [rek′tər ē] n. pl. rectories [ML rectoria] 1. the house in which an Episcopal minister lives 2. in the Church of England, a) a benefice held by a rector b) the house in which a rector lives 3. R.C.Ch. the house in which a parish priest lives …   English World dictionary

  • rectory — UK [ˈrektərɪ] / US noun [countable] Word forms rectory : singular rectory plural rectories a house that the rector of a church lives in …   English dictionary

  • rectory — [[t]re̱ktəri[/t]] rectories N COUNT A rectory is a house in which a Church of England rector and his family live …   English dictionary

  • rectory —    This term refers to the official residence of a rector; a rectory is usually provided by a parish or religious communityfor the priest and his associates who are working at that location …   Glossary of theological terms

  • rectory — noun (plural ries) Date: 1594 1. a benefice held by a rector 2. a residence of a rector or a parish priest …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • rectory — /rek teuh ree/, n., pl. rectories. 1. a rector s house; parsonage. 2. Brit. a benefice held by a rector. [1530 40; < ML rectoria, equiv. to L rector (s. of rector) RECTOR + ia Y3] * * * …   Universalium

  • rectory — noun a) The residence of Roman Catholic priest(s) associated with a parish church. b) The residence of an Anglican rector …   Wiktionary