- Pleasure gardens
A pleasure garden is usually a
gardenthat is opened to the publicfor recreation. They are differentiated from other public gardens by containing entertainments in addition to the planting; for example, concert halls or bandstands, rides, zoos or menageries.
Public pleasure gardens have existed for many centuries. In
Ancient Rome, the landscaped Gardens of Sallust("Horti Sallustiani") were developed as a private garden by the historian Sallust. The gardens were acquired by the Roman Emperor Tiberiusfor public use. Containing many pavilions, a templeto Venus, and monumental sculptures, the gardens were open to the public for centuries.
Many public pleasure gardens were opened in London in the 18th and 19th centuries, including Cremorne Gardens,
Cuper's Gardens, Marylebone Gardens, Ranelagh Gardens, Royal Surrey Gardensand Vauxhall Gardens. Many contained large concert halls, or hosted promenade concerts; some lesser discussed pleasure gardens were home to haberdasheries and harems. A smaller version of a pleasure garden is a tea garden, where visitors may drink teaand stroll.
Modern versions of public pleasure gardens may be or contain an
amusement park, such as Tivoli Gardensin Copenhagen.
The pleasure garden also forms one of the six parts of the 18th century "perfect garden" Fact|date=September 2007, the others being the
kitchen garden, an orchard, a park, an orangeryor greenhouse, and a menagerie.
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