- Kiwi (people)
Kiwi is the nickname used internationally for people from
New Zealand, as well as being a relatively common self-reference. The name derives from the kiwi, a flightless birdwhich is native to, and the national symbolof, New Zealand. [ [http://glossary.immigration.govt.nz/Kiwis.htm Kiwis/Kiwi - New Zealand Immigration Service (Summary of Terms)] ]
The first New Zealanders to be widely known as Kiwis were the military. [ [http://www.teara.govt.nz/TheBush/NativeBirdsAndBats/Kiwi/5/en Kiwi - A kiwi country: 1930s–2000s - Te Ara Encyclopedia of New Zealand ] ] The
Regimental Signs for all New Zealand regiments feature the kiwi, including those which fought in the Second Boer Warthen with the Australian and New Zealand Army Corpsin World War I. Much of the interaction between regiments and between regiments and locals was done under the respective Regimental Sign, and the kiwi came to mean first the men of regiments and then all New Zealanders. Due to the relative isolation of New Zealand, many troops stayed in Europe (particularly at Beacon Hill, near Bulfordon the Salisbury Plain, where they carved a chalk kiwi into the hill in 1918) [ [http://www.wiltshire-web.co.uk/history/horse.htm The White Horses] ] for months or years until transport home could be arranged.
Oxford English Dictionarygives the first use of the 'Kiwi' to mean 'New Zealander' in 1918, in the New Zealand Expeditionary ForceChronicles. The nickname 'Kiwis' for New Zealand servicemen eventually became common usage in all war theatres.Fact|date=February 2007
World War IIthe term was gradually attributed to all New Zealanders and today, throughout the world they are referred to as Kiwis, as well as often referring to themselves that way.
Spelling of the word "Kiwi", when used to describe the people, is often capitalised, and takes the plural form "Kiwis". The bird's name is spelt with a lower-case "k" and, being a word of Māori origin, normally stays as "kiwi" when
pluralised. Thus, "two Kiwis" refers to two people, whereas "two kiwi" refers to two birds.
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