Kiwi (people)


Kiwi (people)

Kiwi is the nickname used internationally for people from New Zealand, as well as being a relatively common self-reference. The name derives from the kiwi, a flightless bird which is native to, and the national symbol of, New Zealand. [ [http://glossary.immigration.govt.nz/Kiwis.htm Kiwis/Kiwi - New Zealand Immigration Service (Summary of Terms)] ]

History

The first New Zealanders to be widely known as Kiwis were the military. [ [http://www.teara.govt.nz/TheBush/NativeBirdsAndBats/Kiwi/5/en Kiwi - A kiwi country: 1930s–2000s - Te Ara Encyclopedia of New Zealand ] ] The Regimental Signs for all New Zealand regiments feature the kiwi, including those which fought in the Second Boer War then with the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps in World War I. Much of the interaction between regiments and between regiments and locals was done under the respective Regimental Sign, and the kiwi came to mean first the men of regiments and then all New Zealanders. Due to the relative isolation of New Zealand, many troops stayed in Europe (particularly at Beacon Hill, near Bulford on the Salisbury Plain, where they carved a chalk kiwi into the hill in 1918) [ [http://www.wiltshire-web.co.uk/history/horse.htm The White Horses] ] for months or years until transport home could be arranged.

The Oxford English Dictionary gives the first use of the 'Kiwi' to mean 'New Zealander' in 1918, in the New Zealand Expeditionary Force Chronicles. The nickname 'Kiwis' for New Zealand servicemen eventually became common usage in all war theatres.Fact|date=February 2007

Following World War II the term was gradually attributed to all New Zealanders and today, throughout the world they are referred to as Kiwis, as well as often referring to themselves that way.

Spelling of the word "Kiwi", when used to describe the people, is often capitalised, and takes the plural form "Kiwis". The bird's name is spelt with a lower-case "k" and, being a word of Māori origin, normally stays as "kiwi" when pluralised. Thus, "two Kiwis" refers to two people, whereas "two kiwi" refers to two birds.

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kiwi (disambiguation) — Kiwi are flightless birds endemic to New Zealand.Kiwi or KIWI may also refer to:*KIWI, a radio station (102.9 FM) in Bakersfield, California, USA *Kiwi ( Dragon Ball ), an anime character *Kiwi (horse), a race horse *Kiwi (people), a common… …   Wikipedia

  • Kiwi Foo Camp — Kiwi Foo Camp, also known as Baa Camp, is an annual Foo Camp, an unstructured gathering of technology industry people and policy makers, that takes place at Mahurangi College in Warkworth, New Zealand in early February. The first Kiwi Foo Camp… …   Wikipedia

  • Kiwi (shoe polish) — Kiwi is the brand name of a shoe polish, first made in Australia in 1906 and as of 2005 sold in almost 180 countries. Owned by the Sara Lee Corporation since 1984, it is the dominant shoe polish in some countries, including the United Kingdom and …   Wikipedia

  • Kiwi Pro Wrestling — (KPW) is a professional wrestling promotion based in Wellington, New Zealand.Pwcompanybox name=Kiwi Pro Wrestling acronym=KPW established=May 2006 location=Wellington, New Zealand founder=Rip Morgan website= [http://www.kiwiprowrestling.co.nz]… …   Wikipedia

  • Kiwi Camara — Kiwi Alejandro Danao Camara (born June 16, 1984), also known as K.A.D. Camara, is a Filipino American legal scholar. In 2001, he became the youngest person to matriculate at Harvard Law School, from which he graduated magna cum laude in 2004.cite …   Wikipedia

  • kiwi — [[t]ki͟ːwiː[/t]] kiwis 1) N COUNT A kiwi is a type of bird that lives in New Zealand. Kiwis cannot fly. 2) N COUNT People who come from New Zealand are sometimes referred to as Kiwis. This use could cause offence. [BRIT, AUSTRALIAN] …   English dictionary

  • The Kiwi Party — This article is about the party formed out of the Christian Democrats, and its revival after Gordon Copeland s secession from United Future New Zealand, and now renamed The Kiwi Party. For the short lived party founded by Peter Dunne, see Future… …   Wikipedia

  • Songs for the Kiwi Bloke — Infobox Album | Name = Songs for the Kiwi Bloke Type = compilation Artist = Various Artists Released = 2001 Recorded = Various times Genre = Pop Length = Label = Rajon Music Australia Reviews = Chronology = Rajon Music Australia various artists… …   Wikipedia

  • The Kiwi Folk Scene '65–'67 — Infobox Album Name = The Kiwi Folk Scene 65 67 Type = Album Artist = Various Artists Released = 14 July 2005 Recorded = Various Times Genre = Length = Label = EMI Reviews = Last album = This album = The Kiwi Folk Scene 65 67 (2005) Next album =… …   Wikipedia

  • Culture of New Zealand — The Kiwi has become a New Zealand icon. The culture of New Zealand is largely inherited from British and European custom, interwoven with Maori and Polynesian tradition. An isolated Pacific Island nation, New Zealand was comparatively recently… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.