Foley artist


Foley artist

The Foley artist on a film crew is the person who creates many of the natural, everyday sound effects in a film, which are recorded during a session with a recording engineer. Before the session, a project will be cued, with notes kept about what sounds need to be created during the foley session. Often, the project will have a sound supervisor who will dictate what sounds need to be covered in a foley session and what needs to be created by special (audio) effects, which is generally left to the sound designer. The roles of Foley artists, sound designers, editors, and supervisors are highly specialized and are essential to producing a professional-sounding soundtrack that is suitable for distribution and exhibition.

Sound effects and foley are added during post-production to dialog and real effects that were picked up by microphones on-set. Sometimes (especially in the case of cartoons, many Italian films, and almost all Bollywood films) there is no sound recorded on-location, and all the sounds need to be added by the foley artist and sound designer, and dubber. The Foley artist may also accent existing sounds to make them more effective—enhancing the sounds of a fistfight may require thumping watermelons or cracking bamboo. Many Foley artists take pride in devising their own sound effects apparatuses, often using simple, commonly found materials. Some making-of featurettes show Foley artists at work.

The term "Foley artist" is named after Jack Foley, one of the earliest and best-known Hollywood practitioners of the art. Foley began his career in the film industry as a stand-in and screenwriter during the silent era, and later helped Universal make the transition from silent movies to talkies.

The Universal Studios Hollywood theme park presented a demonstration of a Foley artist in its "World of Cinemagic" feature.

How some effects are made

{| class="wikitable"!Effect!!How It's Made
-
Galloping horses ||Banging empty coconut shells together
-
Kissing||Kissing back of hand
-
Punching someone||Thumping watermelons
-
High heels||Artist walks in high heels on wooden platform
-
Bone-breaking blow||Breaking celery or bamboo or twisting a head of lettuce
-
Footsteps in snow||Squeezing a box of corn starch
-
"Star Wars" sliding doors||Pulling a piece of paper from an envelope
-
"Star Trek" sliding doors||Flare gun plus sneakers squeak
-
Bird flapping its wings||Flapping a pair of gloves
-
Grass or leaves crunching||Balling up audio tape
-
Car crash || shaking a metal box filled with wood and metal scraps
- Fire || Rapid opening and closing of an umbrella along with the crackle of thick cellophane}

ee also

* Sound effects
* Sound design
* Mellotron
* Audio signal processing
* Old-time radio
* Voice Foley

References

*cite book|author=Yewdall, David L|title=The Practical Art of Motion Picture Sound|location=|publisher=Focal Press (3 edition)|pages = pp. 205-226 |year=2007|isbn=0240808657

*cite book|author=Mott, Robert L|title=Sound Effects: Radio, Tv, and Film |location=|publisher=Focal Press|pages = pp. 192-201 |year=1990|isbn=024080029X

*cite book|author=Hurbis-Cherrier, Mick|title=Voice and Vision: A Creative Approach to Narrative Film and DV Production|location=|publisher=Focal Press| pages = pp. 421-422|year=2007|isbn=0240807731

*cite book|author=Sternbach, Rick|coauthors=Michael Okuda|title=|location=|publisher=Pocket Books|year=1991|isbn=0-671-70427-3|ref=1

External links

* [http://www.filmsound.org/foley/ Foley Artistry] (Interviews, writings by Foley artists, FAQ etc) at [http://www.filmsound.org/ FilmSound.org]
* [http://www.marblehead.net/foley/specifics.html How to make your own Foley sound effects]
* [http://www.epicsound.com/sfx/ Guide to Sound Effects] - a large number of ideas on how to create Foley effects
* [http://www.skillset.org/film/jobs/post_production_sound/article_4768_1.asp Information on Foley Artists from Skillset, UK Sector Skills Council for the Audio Visual Industry]
* Brand Upon the Brain!, an unusual instance of live performance Foley accompanying a modern film.


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • foley artist — noun A person whose job is to add effects in this way • • • Main Entry: ↑foley …   Useful english dictionary

  • foley artist —   in the post production and editing stage of a film s production, the foley artist (named after pioneer Jack Foley) creates or adds sound effects/noises (e.g., footsteps, gunshots, kisses, punches, storm noises, slamming doors, explosions, etc.) …   Glossary of cinematic terms

  • Foley artist — /ˈfoʊli atəst/ (say fohlee ahtust) noun (also lower case) a person who specialises in making the sounds to be recorded as sound effects for film or television. {Foley (studio) + artist} …   Australian English dictionary

  • Foley artist — PP A person who records sound effects using the foley process. Also known as foley walker …   Audio and video glossary

  • foley artist —  (Not cap.) A specialist in dubbing sounds on film; named for Jack Foley (1891–1967), Hollywood sound effects editor …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Foley — may mean: Contents 1 Places 2 People 3 Sound effects 4 …   Wikipedia

  • Foley — /foh lee/, adj. of or pertaining to motion picture sound effects or soundtracks: a Foley artist; the Foley editor. [after Jack Foley, sound effect pioneer at Universal Pictures in the 1930s] * * * …   Universalium

  • Foley — Fo•ley [[t]ˈfoʊ li[/t]] adj. mot of or pertaining to motion picture sound effects produced manually: a Foley artist; the Foley editor[/ex] • Etymology: after Jack Foley, sound effect pioneer at Universal Pictures in the 1930s …   From formal English to slang

  • Foley — noun Usage: often attributive Etymology: Jack D. Foley died 1967 American sound technician Date: 1984 sound effects created for a film < a Foley artist > …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • foley — [ fəʊli] noun [as modifier] chiefly US relating to the addition of sound effects after the shooting of a film: a foley artist. Origin named after the American film technician Jack Foley, the inventor of the process …   English new terms dictionary


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