- John W. Weeks
name =John Wingate Weeks
March 4, 1905
March 3, 1913(12th) March 3, 1913– March 4, 1913(13th)
Samuel L. Powers(12th) William S. Greene(13th)
succeeded =James M. Curley (12th) John J. Mitchell (13th)
order2 =United States Senator from
March 4, 1913
March 3, 1919
Winthrop M. Crane
David I. Walsh
United States Secretary of War
March 5, 1921
October 13, 1925
Newton D. Baker
Dwight F. Davis
April 11, 1860
Lancaster, New Hampshire
July 12, 1926
Lancaster, New Hampshire
United States Naval Academy
net worth =
John Wingate Weeks (
April 11, 1860– July 12, 1926) was an American politicianin the Republican Party. He served as a United States Representativefor Massachusetts from 1905 to 1913, as a United States Senator from 1913 to 1919, and as Secretary of War from 1921 to 1925.
Weeks was born and raised in
Lancaster, New Hampshire. He received an appointment to the United States Naval Academy, graduating in 1881, and served two years in the United States Navy.
Weeks made a fortune in banking during the 1890s, after co-founding the Boston financial firm Hornblower and Weeks in 1888. With his financial well-being assured, Weeks became active in politics, first at a local level in his then-home of
Newton, Massachusetts(he served as alderman in 1899–1902 and as mayor in 1903–04), then on the national scene.
As a member of the
United States House of Representativesand United States Senate, Weeks was notable mostly for his contributions to banking and conservation legislation, including the Weeks Act in 1911 that created the foundation for the United States National Forestsystem.
Despite his defeat for re-election to the Senate in 1918, Weeks remained an active and influential participant in the national Republican Party. He was an early supporter of the nomination of
Warren G. Hardingfor President in 1920, and when Harding became President, he named Weeks to his cabinet.
As Secretary of War, Weeks was a competent, honest, and respected administrator and adviser, who guided the Department of War through its post-
World War Idownsizing. Weeks' hard work and long hours led to a stroke in April 1925, which led in turn to his resignation as Secretary in October of that year.
Weeks died several months later, at his summer home on Mount Prospect in Lancaster, New Hampshire. That building is now open for tours as part of the
Weeks State Park. A nearby mountain was named Mount Weeksin his honor.
Edgar Weeks, was a U.S. Representative from Michigan. His grand-uncle, also named John Wingate Weeks (1781–1853), was a Major in the U.S. Army during the War of 1812 and a U.S. Representative from New Hampshire.
* Garraty, John A. and Mark C. Carnes. "American National Biography", vol. 22, "Weeks, John Wingate". New York : Oxford University Press, 1999.
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