- Local administrative unit
Generally, a local administrative unit (LAU) is a low level
administrative divisionof a country, ranked below a province, region, or state. Not all countries describe their locally governed areas this way, but it can be descriptively applied anywhere to refer to counties, municipalities, etc.
European Union(EU) and Switzerland, LAUs are basic components of Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics(NUTS) regions. Two levels of Local Administrative Units (LAU) have been defined. LAU-1 and LAU-2 were called NUTS-4 and NUTS-5, respectively, until the NUTS regulation went into force in July, 2003. The upper LAU level (LAU level 1, formerly NUTS level 4) is defined for the following countries: Czech Republic, Germany, Estonia, Greece, Ireland, Cyprus, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Hungary, Malta, Poland, Portugal, Slovenia, Slovakia, Finlandand the United Kingdom. The second LAU level (formerly NUTS level 5) consists of 112,119 municipalities or equivalent units in the 25 EU Member States ( 2003situation).
Local Government Area
* [http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/ramon/nuts/lau_en.html Eurostat Local Administrative Units]
* [http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/ramon/nuts/introannex_regions_en.html Table of correspondance between NUTS levels and national administrativ units]
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