- Borneo peat swamp forests
The Borneo peat swamp forests is a tropical moist forest ecoregion on the island of
Borneo, which is divided between Brunei, Indonesiaand Malaysia. Peat swamp forests occur where waterlogged soils prevent dead leaves and wood from fully decomposing, which over time creates thick layer of acidic peat. Peat swamp forests occur in coastal lowlands, behind the brackishor salt-water mangrove forests that lie near the coast, and bounded by the Borneo lowland rain forestson better-drained soils.
Over the past decade, the government of
Indonesiahas drained some of the Borneo peat swamp forests for conversion to agricultural land. The dry years of 1997-8 and 2002-3 (see El Niño) saw huge fires in the peat swamp forests. A study for the European Space Agencyfound that the peat swamp forests are a significant carbon sinkfor the planet, and that the fires of 1997-8 may have released up to 2.5 billion tonnes, and the 2002-3 fires between 200 million to 1 billion tonnes, of carbon into the atmosphere.
Indonesia is currently the world's third largest carbon emitter (when deforestation and land use changes are included), to a large extent due to the destruction of its ancient peat swamp forests.Fact|date=May 2008
Peninsular Malaysian peat swamp forests
1997 Southeast Asian haze
* [http://www.worldwildlife.org/wildworld/profiles/terrestrial/im/im0104_full.html Borneo peat swamp forests (World Wildlife Fund)]
* [http://www.esa.int/esaCP/SEMRA7YO4HD_index_0.html Envisat focuses on carbon-rich peat swamp forest fires (European Space Agency)]
* [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/asia-pacific/6354079.stm Smoking out the world's lungs] BBC report (accessed 12th Feb. 2007)
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Peat swamp forest — Peat swamp forests are tropical moist forests where waterlogged soils prevent dead leaves and wood from fully decomposing, which over time creates thick layer of acidic peat. Large areas of these forests are being logged at high rates.Peat swamp… … Wikipedia
Borneo — Infobox Islands name = Borneo image caption = Topography of Borneo native name = native name link = location = South East Asia coordinates = coord|1|00|N|114|00|E|region:ID type:isle archipelago = Greater Sunda Islands area =… … Wikipedia
Deforestation in Borneo — Borneo, the third largest island in the world, divided between Indonesia, Malaysia and Brunei, was once covered with dense rainforests, but along with its tropical lowland and highland forests, there has been extensive deforestation in the past… … Wikipedia
Freshwater swamp forest — Freshwater swamp forests, or flooded forests, are forests which are inundated with freshwater, either permanently or seasonally. They normally occur along the lower reaches of rivers and around freshwater lakes. Freshwater swamp forests are found … Wikipedia
Tropical peat — Areas of tropical peat are found mostly in South East Asia (about 70% by area) although are also found in Africa, Central and South America and elsewhere around the Pacific Ocean. Tropical peatlands are significant carbon sinks and store large… … Wikipedia
List of ecoregions (WWF) — This is a list of ecoregions as compiled by the World Wildlife Fund (WWF). The WWF identifies terrestrial, freshwater, and marine ecoregions.The terrestrial scheme divides the Earth s land surface into 8 terrestrial ecozones, containing 867… … Wikipedia
Indomalaya ecozone — The Indomalaya ecozone is one of the eight ecozones that cover the planet s land surface. It extends across most of South and Southeast Asia and into the southern parts of East Asia. The Indomalaya Ecozone Also called the Oriental Realm by… … Wikipedia
Indomalais — 7°00′N 97°00′E / 7, 97 … Wikipédia en Français
List of ecoregions in Indonesia — The following is a list of ecoregions in Indonesia. An ecoregion is defined by the WWF as a large area of land or water that contains a geographically distinct assemblage of natural communities . There are terrestrial, freshwater, and marine… … Wikipedia
Liste d'écorégions indonésiennes — La liste ci dessous est celle des écorégions d Indonésie. L Indonésie est à cheval sur deux grandes écozones terrestres. La ligne Wallace, qui passe entre les îles de Bornéo et Sulawesi, et entre celles de Bali et Lombok, sépare ces deux écozones … Wikipédia en Français