- Panning (camera)
Panning refers to the horizontal movement or rotation of a film or video camera, or the scanning of a subject horizontally on video or a display device. Panning a camera results in a motion similar to that of someone shaking their head "no".
television cameras pan by turning horizontally on a vertical axis, but the effect may be enhanced by adding other techniques, such as rails to move the whole camera platform. Slow panning is also combined with zooming in or out on a single subject, leaving the subject in the same portion of the frame, to emphasize or de-emphasize the subject respectively.
videotechnology, the use of a camera to scana subject horizontally is called panning.
photography, the panning technique is used to suggest fast motion, and bring out foreground from background. In photographic pictures it is usually noted by a foreground subject in action appearing still (i.e. a runner frozen in mid-stride) while the background is streaked and/or skewed in the apparently opposite direction of the subject's travel.
The term "panning" is derived from "panorama", a word originally coined in 1787 by Robert Barker for the 18th century version of these applications, a machine that unrolled or unfolded a long horizontal painting to give the impression the scene was passing by. (Barker also invented the "cyclorama" in which a large painting encircles an audience.)
Achieving a smooth pan in photography
When photographing a moving subject, the panning technique is achieved by keeping the subject in the same position of the frame for the duration of the exposure. The length of the
exposuremust be long enough to allow the background to blur due to the movement of the camera as you follow the subject in the viewfinder.
The exact length of exposure required will depend on the speed at which the subject is moving, the focal length of the lens you are using and the distance from the subject and background. An F1 car speeding along a straight might allow you to achieve a blurred background at 1/250th of a second, while you might need to go as slow as 1/60th to achieve the same amount of blur for a picture of a running man. [cite web | work = Illustrated Photography | title = Pan for better action pictures | url=http://www.illustratedphotography.com/photography-tips/camera-technique/panning]
shutter speedallowed by fast moving subjects are easier to capture in a smoothly panned shot. With slower moving subjects, the risk is that the panning motion will be jerky, and it is also harder to keep the subject in the same position of the frame for the longer period of time.
To aid in capturing panned pictures, photographers use aids such as tripods and monopods, which make it easy to swing the camera along one plane, while keeping it steady in the others. A low budget option is to tie a piece of string around the lens, then to drop the other end to the floor and step on it to pull it taut. This will allow a little bit more stability and allow for smoother blur. [cite book | title = Basic Photography | author = Langford, Michael | isbn = 024051257 | year = 1996 | publisher = Focal Press]
Pan and scan
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Caméra panoramique — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Panoramique. En photographie, Panoramique indique le mouvement horizontal ou la rotation d une caméra vidéo. Le mouvement panoramique est semblable au mouvement de tête signifiant non . Les caméras de cinéma … Wikipédia en Français
Camera — For other uses, see Camera (disambiguation). Various cameras A camera is a device that records and stores images. These images may be still photographs or moving images such as videos or movies. The term camera comes from the camera obscura… … Wikipedia
Camera obscura — This article is about an optical device. For other uses, see Camera obscura (disambiguation) … Wikipedia
panning — panÂ·ning || pÃ¦nÉªÅ‹ n. horizontal movement in an image display or capture; use of camera for scanning a subject in a horizontal position (video technology); act of moving a video camera from one side to the other to capture a panoramic view;… … English contemporary dictionary
Digital camera — Digicam redirects here. For the military camouflauge method using micropatterns, see Military camouflage#Digital camouflauge. A digital camera (or digicam) is a camera that takes video or still photographs, or both, digitally by recording images… … Wikipedia
Digital single-lens reflex camera — Nikon D700 full frame (FX) digital SLR camera … Wikipedia
Digital camera back — Kodak DCS420 digital camera, consisting of a modified Nikon N90s body (left) and a digital back (right) shown here separated … Wikipedia
Tilt (camera) — Tilting is a cinematographic technique in which the camera is stationary and rotates in a vertical plane (or tilting plane). A rotation in a horizontal plane is known as panning. Tilting the camera results in a motion similar to someone nodding… … Wikipedia
Rangefinder camera — A Foca camera of 1947 at the Musée des Arts et Métiers in Paris. A rangefinder camera is a camera fitted with a rangefinder: a range finding focusing mechanism allowing the photographer to measure the subject distance and take photographs that… … Wikipedia
Orbiter (camera seat) — Orbiter 500 superflat without a camera The Orbiter in the sense of camera technique is a camera seat with a seated cameraman, swivelling on a low working height. A swivelling seat of the Orbiter is characterized by a patented principle of partial … Wikipedia