- Flathead Indian Reservation
The Flathead Indian Reservation, located in western
Montanaon the Flathead River, is home to the Bitterroot Salish, Kootenai and Pend d'Oreilles Tribes - also known as the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes of the Flathead Nation[http://www.charkoosta.com/about1.html (1)] . The Reservation was created through 1855 Treaty of Hellgateand includes parts of four Montana counties: Lake, Sanders, Missoula, and Flathead [http://www.lakecounty-mt.org/planning/pdf/chapter%206.pdf (2)] . The Flathead Indian Reservation is an area of 5,019.621 km² (1,938.087 sq mi) of forested mountains and valleys just west of the Continental Divide[http://www.ohwy.com/mt/f/flathdir.htm (3)] .
Unlike most other tribes in Montana, the Bitterroot Salish migrated from the west. The Kootenai, however, are native to the state. Archaeological evidence shows that native Americans inhabited Montana more than 14,000 years ago, and artifacts indicate that the Kootenai have roots in the area's prehistory. The Kootenai inhabited the mountainous terrain west of the Continental Divide, venturing only seasonally to the east for buffalo hunts. The Kootenai were divided into two main groups. One band lived to the northeast and had a lifestyle based on buffalo hunting. The other band lived in the mountainous west and had a lifestyle focused on rivers and lakes. The Salish occupied territory in Washington,
Idaho, and western Montana but ventured as far east as the Bighorn Mountains. As the tribe moved east, it had to change from a lifestyle based on salmonfishing to one more dependent on native plants and buffalo. During the 1700s, these two tribes – the Salish and the Kootenai – shared common hunting and gathering grounds [http://montanakids.com/db_engine/presentations/presentation.asp?pid=170&sub=Tribal+Histories (4)] .
The present-day population of the reservation is 26,172 as of the 2000 census. The largest community on the reservation is the city of Polson, which is also the
county seatof Lake County. The seat of government of the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes of the Flathead Nationis Pablo.
Points of interest
*Flathead Indian Museum, St. Ignatius
Flathead Lake State Park
Mission Mountains Tribal Wilderness
National Bison Range/ Pablo National Wildlife Refuge, Moiese
Ninepipe National Wildlife Refugeand State Wildlife Management Area, Ronan
St. Ignatius Mission, St. Ignatius
* [http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/DTTable?_bm=y&-context=dt&-ds_name=DEC_2000_SF1_U&-CHECK_SEARCH_RESULTS=N&-mt_name=DEC_2000_SF1_U_P001&-CONTEXT=dt&-tree_id=4001&-transpose=N&-redoLog=true&-all_geo_types=N&-_caller=geoselect&-geo_id=06000US3002991118&-geo_id=06000US3004791123&-geo_id=06000US3006391128&-geo_id=06000US3008991134&-geo_id=25000US1110&-search_results=06000US3004791123&-fully_or_partially=N&-format=&-_lang=en&-show_geoid=Y Flathead Reservation, Montana] United States Census Bureau
* [http://www.cskt.org/ Official site of the Confederated Tribes of the Salish and Kootenai Tribes of the Flathead Reservation]
* [http://www.charkoosta.com/about1.html Char Koosta News]
* [http://www.lakecounty-mt.org/planning/pdf/chapter%206.pdf Charlo School - Local & Social Services]
* [http://www.ohwy.com/mt/f/flathdir.htm Online Highways - Flathead Indian Reservation]
* [http://montanakids.com/db_engine/presentations/presentation.asp?pid=170&sub=Tribal+Histories montanakids.com - Flathead Indian Reservation]
* [http://www.ronan.net/ Access Montana Ronan.net]
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Flathead — may refer to:* Flathead (song), by The Fratellis * Flathead engine, a valve configuration * Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes of the Flathead Nation, a Native American group * Platycephalidae, a family of fish ** Flathead (fish), various… … Wikipedia
Flathead River — Geobox River name = Flathead River native name = other name = other name1 = image size = 300 image caption = Middle Fork, near Essex, Montana country = United States country1 = Canada state = Montana state1 = region type = Province region =… … Wikipedia
Flathead Lake — Infobox lake lake name = Flathead Lake image lake = Flathead Lake.jpeg caption lake = image bathymetry = FLBathymetricMap.jpg caption bathymetry = Bathymetric Map coords = coord|47|54|6|N|114|6|15|W|region:US MT… … Wikipedia
Indian termination policy — was a policy that the United States Congress implemented in 1950s and 1960s to assimilate the Native Americans (Indians) with mainstream American society, by terminating the government s trusteeship of Indian reservations and making Indians… … Wikipedia
Flathead Reservation — Am 4. Juli 1903 vor ihren Zelten nahe der St. Ignatius Mission im Flathead Reservat, Montana fotografierte Stammesangehörige Das Flathead Indianer Reservat im Westen Montanas liegt zwischen Kalispell und Missoula, knapp westlich der… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Flathead-Reservation — Am 4. Juli 1903 vor ihren Zelten nahe der St. Ignatius Mission im Flathead Reservat, Montana fotografierte Stammesangehörige Das Flathead Indianer Reservat im Westen Montanas liegt zwischen Kalispell und Missoula, knapp westlich der… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Flathead Indians — • A name used in both Americas, without special ethnologic significance, to designate tribes practising the custom of compressing the skull in infancy by artificial means Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Flathead Indians … Catholic encyclopedia
Flathead (Volk) — Ehemaliges Stammesgebiet der Flathead und Pend d Oreille und heutiges Reservat in Montana Die Flathead sind ein Indianer Stamm der Salish Sprachgruppe (Sprachfamilie: Mosan). Sie gehören kulturell den Binnen Salish an, die auf dem Fraser und dem… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Flathead — /flat hed /, n. 1. a member of a tribe of Salishan Indians of northwest Montana. 2. a Chinook Indian. [1530 40; so called from their supposed practice of flattening their children s heads] * * * North American Indian people living in Montana, U.S … Universalium
flathead — /flat hed /, n., pl. (esp. collectively) flathead, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) flatheads. any of several scorpaenoid fishes of the family Platycephalidae, chiefly inhabiting waters of the Indo Pacific region and used for food … Universalium