- Reach (advertising)
In the application of statistics to
advertisingand media analysis, reach is defined as the size of the audience who listen to, read, view or otherwise access a particular work in a given period. Reach may be stated either as an absolute number, or as a fraction of a given population (for instance 'TV households', 'men' or 'those aged 25-35').
For any given viewer, they have been "reached" by the work if they have viewed it at all (or a specified amount) during the specified period. Multiple viewings by a single member of the audience in the cited period do not increase reach.
Since reach is a time-dependent summary of aggregate audience behavior, reach figures are meaningless without a period associated with them: an example of a valid reach figure would be to state that " [example website] had a one-day reach of 1565 per million on 21 March 2004" (though unique users, an equivalent measure, would be a more typical metric for a website).
televisionchannels is often expressed in the form of "x" minute weekly reach" - that is, the number (or percentage) of viewers who watched the channel for at least "x" minutes in a given week.
For example, in the
UK, BARBdefines the reach of a television channel as the percentage of the population in private households who view a channel for more than 3 minutes in a given day or week [cite web
last = BARB
title = BARB Definitions
accessdate = 2006-11-14 ] . Similarly, for radio,
RAJARdefines the weekly reach of a radio station as the number of people who tune into a radio station for at least 5 minutes (within at least one 15min period) in a given week [cite web
last = RAJAR
title = Glossary of Terms
accessdate = 2006-11-14 ] .
Reach is an important measure for the
BBC, which is funded by a mandatory licence fee. It seeks to maximise its reach to ensure all licence fee payers are receiving value. Reach and frequency of exposure are also two of the most important statistics used in advertising management. When reach is multiplied by average frequency a composite measure called Gross Rating Points (GRPs) is obtained. Reach can be calculated indirectly as: reach = GRPs / average frequency.
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