Xaignabouli Province


Xaignabouli Province

Infobox Province Laos
name=Xaignabouli
lao=ໄຊຍະບູລີ
capital=Muang Xayabury
area=16,389
population=382,200
population_as_of=2004 est.
density=23
isocode=LA-XA
map

Xaignabouli (Lao ໄຊຍະບູລີ) is a province of Laos, located in the northwest of the country.

Geography

The province is located in the northwest of the country, and covers all the area west of the Mekong river. It is bordered by Oudomxai Province to the north, Louangphabang and Vientiane Province to the east, and (from the south clockwise) the Thai provinces Loei, Phitsanulok, Uttaradit, Nan and Phayao.

History

In 1904 the area of the province was ceded from Siam to the French Indochina colony. In 1941 it was annexed by Thailand again under the name Lan Chang Province, but returned to the pre-war status in 1946.

Asian elephants in Xaignabouli

The Xaignabouli province is home to Laos’ majority of domesticated Asian elephants. Approximately 75% of the nation’s 560 domesticated elephants work in Xaignabouli [Elefantasia 2008, "Who we are", 22 April 2008, http://www.elefantasia.org/spip.php?rubrique1&lang=en] . Their main work duties are within the logging industry, which causes a loss in both wild and domestic elephant habitat [Norachack, B 2002, 'The care and management of domesticated Asian elephants in Lao PDR', in Baker I & Kashio, M (eds), "Giants On Our Hands: Proceedings of the International Workshop on the domesticated Asian elephant,"FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific, Bangkok, pp 172-180.] . The Xaignabouli province is also home to the annual [http://www.elefantasia.org/spip.php?article31&lang=en Elephant Festival,] organised in partnership by the Lao PDR National Tourism Authority, Elefantasia, provincial and district authorities.

Administrative divisions

The province is made up of the following districts:

# Boten (8-09)
# Hongsa (8-03)
# Kenthao (8-08)
# Khop (8-02)
# Ngeun (8-04)
# Paklai (8-07)
# Phiang (8-06)
# Thongmixai (8-10)
# Xaignabouli (8-01)
# Xianghon (8-05)


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