Dona nobis pacem (Vaughan Williams)

Dona nobis pacem (Vaughan Williams)

Dona nobis pacem, (English: Grant us peace), is a cantata written by Ralph Vaughan Williams in 1936 and first performed on 2 October 1936. The work was commissioned to mark the centenary of the Huddersfield Choral Society. Vaughan Williams produced his plea for peace by referring to recent wars during the growing fears of a new one. His texts were taken from the Mass, three poems by Walt Whitman, a political speech, and sections of the Bible. A.V. Butcher has analysed Vaughan Williams' use of the Whitman poems in this composition.[1]

The work is scored for chorus and large orchestra, with soprano and baritone soloists. The phrase Dona nobis pacem ("Give us peace"), in different settings, punctuates the entire piece.


The work is in six parts, played without a break:

  1. Agnus Dei, whose Latin text comes from the last movement in the Roman Catholic Mass. The soprano introduces the theme, singing it over the orchestra and choir. The text translates as "Lamb of God, grant us peace."
  2. Beat! Beat! Drums!, is based on the first Whitman poem. The text describes the drums and bugles of war bursting through doors and windows, disrupting the peaceful lives of church congregations, scholars, bridal couples, and other civilians.
  3. Reconciliation, uses the entire second Whitman poem. The baritone soloist introduces the first half of the poem, which the choir echoes and varies. The baritone then continues with the rest of the poem, followed by the choir presenting a new variation of the first half. At the end, the soprano repeats a variation of the Dona nobis pacem of the first movement, hauntingly soaring above the final lines of the chorus.
    Word over all, beautiful as the sky,
    Beautiful that war and all its deeds of carnage must in time be utterly lost,
    That the hands of the sisters Death and Night incessantly softly wash again
    and ever again, this soiled world;
    For my enemy is dead, a man divine as myself is dead,
    I look where he lies white-faced and still in the coffin - I draw near,
    Bend down and touch lightly with my lips the white face in the coffin.
  4. Dirge for Two Veterans, uses most of the Whitman poem. The movement was originally composed in 1914 and later incorporated into Dona nobis pacem. Here the drums return, but now in a dirge for the father and son, "dropped together", being marched in a "sad procession" to their "new-made double grave", overlooked by the "immense and silent moon". Still, for all the solemnity, the notes of hope in Whitman's poem are set to a swelling choral paean, as if to reassure us that we have indeed learned from the carnage of World War I.
  5. The fifth section, which bears no title, starts with the baritone soloist and a quote from the John Bright speech with which he tried to prevent the Crimean War ("The Angel of Death has been abroad throughout the land . . ."). The movement continues with somber quotes from the Book of Jeremiah, with the soprano and choir intervening with the Dona nobis pacem plea.
  6. The movement then continues with more optimistic texts, including a brief setting in English of the Gloria. It ends with a quiet coda of Dona nobis pacem, introduced by the soprano again, adding the choir to finish the piece..

Some CDs and some editions divide the last movement into two parts, between the end of the quotation from Jeremiah and the baritone's entrance with the words "O man, greatly beloved, fear not!"



  1. ^ Butcher, A.V. (April 1947). "Walt Whitman and the English Composer". Music & Letters 28 (2): 154–167. doi:10.1093/ml/28.2.154. JSTOR 855527. 
  2. ^ Payne, Anthony (Winter 1967-1968). "Record Guide". Tempo (New Ser.) 83: 26–28. JSTOR 00402982. 

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Dona nobis pacem — (Latin for Grant us peace ) is a phrase in the Agnus Dei section of the Roman Catholic mass. The phrase, in isolation, has been appropriated for a number of works, which include: Dona nobis pacem, a traditional canon The final movement of J S… …   Wikipedia

  • VAUGHAN WILLIAMS (R.) — VAUGHAN WILLIAMS RALPH (1872 1958) Fils d’un pasteur fortuné du Gloucestershire, descendant des Wedgwood par sa mère, Ralph Vaughan Williams passe son enfance et une grande partie de sa vie dans le Surrey où se trouve la propriété de sa famille… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Vaughan Williams — Ralph Vaughan Williams, Portrait von Glyn Warren Philpot Ralph Vaughan Williams. Ralph Vaughan Williams (* 12. Okt …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Vaughan Williams, Ralph — born Oct. 12, 1872, Down Ampney, Gloucestershire, Eng. died Aug. 26, 1958, London British composer. He attended the Royal College of Music and Cambridge University, and he also studied in Berlin with the composer Max Bruch. Having collected… …   Universalium

  • Ralph Vaughan Williams — Ralph Vaughan Williams, detalle de la estatua dedicada en la localidad de Dorking, Inglaterra. Ralph Vaughan Williams (n. en 1872 f. en 1958) fue un compositor británico de gran popularidad en su país, donde es considerado una gloria nacional. La …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ralph Vaughan Williams — For classification of anti arrhythmic agents, see Vaughan Williams classification. Vaughan Williams in 1919, by William Rothenstein Ralph Vaughan Williams OM ( …   Wikipedia

  • Ralph Vaughan Williams — Ralph Vaughan Williams. Ralph Vaughan Williams (* 12. Oktober 1872 in Down Ampney, Gloucestershire; † 26. August 1958 in London) war ein englischer Komponist und Dirigent …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hodie (Vaughan Williams) — Hodie Hodie (Ce Jour) est une cantate écrite par Ralph Vaughan Williams entre 1953 et 1954. C est l une des dernières compositions majeures du musicien pour chœurs. La création en a été faite à la cathédrale de Worcester, au cours du Festival des …   Wikipédia en Français

  • 41st Grammy Awards — Infobox Grammy Awards name = 41st imagesize = 80px date = February 24, 1999 venue = Shrine Auditorium, Los Angeles, California host = Rosie O Donnell network = CBS last = 1998 next = 2000The 41st Grammy Awards were held on February 24, 1999. They …   Wikipedia

  • Liste der Messen — Überblick über das Schaffen der musikalischen Gattung Messe nach Komponisten geordnet. A Adlgasser, Anton Cajetan (1729 1777) Requiem in C Dur (1750) Aiblinger, Johann Kaspar (1779 1867) Messe in A Dur Albright, William (1944 1998) Chichester… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»