- Terrace (gardening)
gardening, a terrace is an element where a raised flat paved or gravelled section overlooks a prospect. A raised terrace keeps a house dry and provides a transition between the hard materials of the architectureand softer ones of the garden.
Since a level site is generally regarded as a requisite for comfort and repose, the terrace as a raised viewing platform made an early appearance in the Persian gardening tradition, where the enclosed orchard, or
paradise, was to be viewed from a ceremonial tent. Such a terrace had its origins in the far older agricultural practice of terracing a sloping site: see Terrace (agriculture). The Hanging Gardens of Babylonmust have been built on an artificial mountain with stepped terraces, like those on a ziggurat. Lucullusbrought back to Rome first-hand experience of Persian gardening in the hilly sites of Asia Minor; the villa gardens of Maecenas, which included libraries open to scholars, incurred the disdain of Seneca. At Praenesteduring the early Imperial period, the sanctuary of Fortunawas enlarged and elaborated, the natural slope being shaped into a series of terraces linked by stairs. The imperial villas at Capriwere built to take advantage of varied terraces. At the seaside Villa of the Papyriin Herculaneum, the villa gardens of Julius Caesar's father-in-law fell away in a series of terraces, giving pleasant and varied views of the Bay of Naples. Only some of them have been excavated.
Italian Renaissance, the formalized, civilizing imprint of human control over wild nature expressed in terracing that was combined with stairs and water features, drew villa patrons and garden designers to escarpments that surveyed a handsome prospect. At the influential Cortile del Belvedereat the Vatican Palace, perfected under a series of popes from the earliest 16th century, the backdrop within the enclosed court was a raised terrace. The view in this case was from the Stanze of Raphael on an upper floor of the Palace.
Even in the most naturalistic
landscape gardens of Capability Brown, a raised gravelled or paved terrace along the garden front offered a dry walk in damp weather and a transition between the hard materials of the architecture and the rolling greensward beyond.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
См. также в других словарях:
Terrace — A terrace may refer to:*Terrace (agriculture), a leveled surface *Terrace (building), a raised flat platform *Terrace deposit, geological term for a flat platform of land *Terrace (gardening), an element where a raised flat paved or gravelled… … Wikipedia
Terrace (agriculture) — In agriculture, a terrace is a leveled section of a hilly cultivated area, designed as a method of soil conservation to slow or prevent the rapid surface runoff of irrigation water. Often such land is formed into multiple terraces, giving a… … Wikipedia
Terrace (building) — A terrace can be defined as an outdoor, occupiable extension of a building above ground level. Although its physical characteristics may vary to a great degree, a terrace will generally be larger than a balcony and will have an open top facing… … Wikipedia
Bethesda Terrace — overlooks The Lake in New York City s Central Park. It is on two levels, united by two grand staircases and a lesser one that passes under Terrace Drive to provide passage southward to the Elkan Naumburg bandshell and The Mall, of which this is… … Wikipedia
Urban gardening — involves using available soil and containers to grow plants in an urban environment. Usually this refers to growing inside the home or on a roof or terrace, though urban gardening may also include growing plants in windowboxes. This definition… … Wikipedia
Vertical farming — is a proposal to perform agriculture in urban high rises. These building have been called farmscrapers. [ [http://gristmill.grist.org/story/2007/4/23/104245/760#comment5 Urbanism and the environment | Gristmill: The environmental news blog |… … Wikipedia
Paul Vanezis — Paul Vanezis, born in November 1965, is a Staff Director at BBC Birmingham. Production History After training at Newport Film School 1987 89, he joined BBC Pebble Mill in Birmingham. He soon became an editor, working on programmes such as… … Wikipedia
Mitraniketan — Established 1956 Type Non Governmental Organization Director Padmashri K. Viswanathan Website http://www.mitraniketan.org/ … Wikipedia
Urban agriculture — and Peri Urban Agriculture is the practice of cultivating, processing and distributing food in, or around (peri urban), a village, town or city. [Bailkey, M. and J. Nasr. 2000. From Brownfields to Greenfields: Producing Food in North American… … Wikipedia
garden and landscape design — Introduction the development and decorative planting of gardens, yards, grounds, parks, and other types of areas. Gardening and landscape design is used to enhance the settings for buildings and public areas and in recreational areas and… … Universalium