- Infanta Marie Anne of Portugal
Maria Ana of Portugal Infanta Maria Ana of Portugal, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg Grand Duchess of Luxembourg Tenure 17 November 1905 – 25 February 1912 Spouse William IV, Grand Duke of Luxembourg Issue Marie-Adélaïde, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg
Charlotte, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg
Princess Hilda Sophie Marie
Antoinette, Crown Princess of Bavaria
Elisabeth, Princess Ludwig Philipp of Thurn and Taxis
Sophie, Princess Ernst Heinrich of Saxony
House House of Braganza Father Miguel I of Portugal Mother Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg Born 13 July 1861
Died 31 July 1942(aged 81)
New York City, New York
Religion Roman Catholicism
Infanta Maria Ana of Portugal (or of Beja or Braganza), Grand Duchess of Luxembourg, (French: Marie Anne; English: Maria Anna) (Schloss Bronnbach 13 July 1861 – New York City, New York, 31 July 1942) was a Portuguese infanta and Grand Duchess consort of Luxembourg and its Regent. She was a House of Braganza member.
Born at Schloss Bronnbach in Bronnbach, Wertheim am Main, Baden-Württemberg, West Germany, Infanta Marie Anne (or Maria Ana) was the fifth child and second-youngest daughter of deposed king Miguel I of Portugal and his consort Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg. As such, she was titled and styled from birth as an Infanta of Portugal. At the time of her birth, her father had been exiled, and the family lived as guests in the Austrian-Hungarian empire.
In spite of their straitened circumstances, the daughters of Miguel I made good marriages, some to reigning monarchs and deposed heads of Roman Catholic European dynasties.
Marriage and children
Infanta Maria Ana was married on 21 June 1893 at Schloss Fischhorn, Zell am See, to the Protestant Guillaume IV, Grand Duke of Luxembourg (1852–1912), Hereditary Prince of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, the eldest child and heir of Adolphe, Grand Duke of Luxembourg, head of the House of Nassau. It was agreed that the children would be raised in their mother's Catholic faith, because that was the religion of the overwhelming majority of Luxembourg's population.
The couple had six daughters and no sons.
- Marie-Adélaïde, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg (1894–1924) who remained unmarried and childless
- Charlotte, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg (1896–1985) who married her first cousin Prince Felix of Bourbon-Parma, a son of Marie Anne's younger sister.
- Princess Hilda Sophie Marie Adélaïde Wilhelmine (Berg Castle, 15 February 1897 - Berg Castle, 8 September 1979), married in Berg Castle on 29 October 1930 Adolf 10te Fürst zu Schwarzenberg (Frauenberg, 18 August 1890 - Bordighera, 27 February 1950), without issue
- Princess Antonia (1899–1954), who married Crown Prince Rupprecht of Bavaria as his second wife
- Princess Elisabeth Marie Wilhelmine (Luxembourg, 7 March 1901 - Schloss Hohenburg, 2 August 1950), married in Schloss Hohenburg on 14 November 1922 Prince Ludwig Philipp of Thurn and Taxis (Regensburg, 2 February 1901 - Schloss Niederaichbach, 22 April 1933), son of Albert I, Prince of Thurn and Taxis, and had issue
- Princess Sophie Caroline Marie Wilhelmine (Berg Castle, 14 February 1902 - Munich, 24 May 1941), married at Schloss Hohenburg on 12 April 1921 Prince Ernst Heinrich of Saxony (Dresden, 9 December 1896 - Coolamber, Ireland, 14 June 1971), youngest son of king Frederick Augustus III of Saxony, and had issue
Guillaume became the reigning Grand Duke on the death of his father on 17 November 1905, and Maria Ana became the Grand Duchess, under the French version of her name, Marie Anne.
Because Guillaume IV, Grand Duke of Luxembourg was the last agnate of the House of Nassau, he declared his daughters as his successors, and Marie-Adelaide was confirmed and proclaimed Heir Apparent on 10 July 1907. Upon her father's death, she became the first reigning Grand Duchess of Luxembourg. Following her abdication on 14 January 1919, her sister, the second daughter, Charlotte of Luxembourg, succeeded her on the throne.
Grand Duchess Marie Anne was Regent for her husband during his terminal illness from 19 November 1908 to 15 February 1912, and then Regent for her daughter, Grand Duchess Marie-Adélaïde, during her minority from 25 February 1912 to 18 June 1912.
Dowager Grand Duchess Marie Anne died in exile in New York on 31 July 1942, the family having fled Germany because of World War II.
Titles, styles, honours and arms
Titles and styles
- 13 July 1861 – 21 June 1893: Her Royal Highness Infanta Maria Ana of Portugal, Princess of Braganza
- 21 June 1893 – 17 November 1905: Her Royal Highness The Hereditary Grand Duchess of Luxembourg
- 17 November 1905 – 25 February 1912: Her Royal Highness The Grand Duchess of Luxembourg
- 25 February 1912 – 31 July 1942: Her Royal Highness The Dowager Grand Duchess of Luxembourg
Ancestors of Infanta Marie Anne of Portugal 16. John V of Portugal 8. Peter III of Portugal 17. Maria Anna of Austria 4. John VI of Portugal 18. Joseph I of Portugal 9. Maria I of Portugal 19. Mariana Victoria of Spain 2. Miguel of Portugal 20. Charles III of Spain 10. Charles IV of Spain 21. Maria Amalia of Saxony 5. Charlotte of Spain 22. Philip, Duke of Parma 11. Maria Luisa of Parma 23. Princess Louise-Élisabeth of France 1. Infanta Marie Anne of Portugal 24. Dominic Constantine, Prince of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rochefort 12. Charles Thomas, Prince of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg 25. Princess Maria Leopoldina of Hohenlohe-Bartenstein 6. Constantine, Hereditary Prince of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg 26. Joseph Nicholas, Count of Windisch-Graetz 13. Countess Sophie of Windisch-Graetz 27. Princess Leopoldine of Arenberg 3. Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg 28. Christian Albert Louis, Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg 14. Charles Louis, Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg 29. Princess Carolina of Stolberg-Gedern 7. Princess Agnes of Hohenlohe-Langenburg 30. John Christian II, Count of Solms-Baruth 15. Princess Amalie of Solms-Baruth 31. Countess Friederike Reuss of Köstritz
Infanta Marie Anne of PortugalCadet branch of the House of AvizBorn: 13 July 1861 Died: 31 July 1942
- ^ http://pages.prodigy.net/ptheroff/gotha/schwarzenberg.html Princely House of Schwarzenberg
- ^ http://pages.prodigy.net/ptheroff/gotha/thurn.html Princely House of Thurn and Taxis
- ^ http://pages.prodigy.net/ptheroff/gotha/saxony.html Royal House of Saxony
Luxembourgish royalty Preceded by
Adelheid-Marie of Anhalt-Dessau
Grand Duchess consort of Luxembourg
VacantTitle next held byFelix of Bourbon-Parma House of Braganza John IVChildren Peter IIChildren include John VChildren Joseph IChildren include Maria I and Peter IIIChildren include John VIChildren include Pedro IVChildren includeGrandchildren MiguelChildrenGrandchildrenGreat grandchildrenGreat-great grandchildren Maria II and Ferdinand IIChildren 1st Generation 2nd Generation 3rd GenerationLeonor, Queen of Denmark • Infanta Maria 4th Generation 5th GenerationConstance, Queen of Castile and León • Maria, Lady of Menezes and Orduña • Isabel, Lady of Penela • Infanta Constança • Beatriz, Lady of Lemos 6th GenerationMaria, Queen of Castile and León • Infanta Isabel • Leonor, Queen of Aragon 7th GenerationMaria, Marchioness of Tortosa • Beatriz, Countess of Alburquerque 8th GenerationBeatriz I • Infanta Branca • Isabel, Duchess of Burgundy • Infanta Branca 9th Generation 10th GenerationLeonor, Queen of Portugal and the Algarve • Isabel, Duchess of Braganza • Infanta Catarina • Saint Joana, Princess of Portugal 11th Generation 12th Generation 13th GenerationIsabella Clara Eugenia, Co-Sovereign of the Habsburg Netherlands* • Catherine Michelle, Duchess of Savoy* • Infanta Maria* 14th GenerationAnna, Queen of France* • Infanta Maria* Maria Anna, Holy Roman Empress* • Infanta Margarita Francisca* 15th Generation 16th Generation 17th Generation 18th Generation 19th GenerationInfanta Maria Isabel • Mariana Vitória, Infanta of Spain • Infanta Maria Clementina 20th Generation 21st GenerationMaria II • Januária Maria, Princess Imperial of Brazil** • Infanta Paula Mariana** • Infanta Francisca** • Infanta Maria Amélia** • Maria das Neves, Duchess of San Jaime • Maria Teresa, Archduchess of Austria • Maria Josepha, Duchess in Bavaria • Adelgundes, Duchess of Guimarães • Maria Ana, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg • Maria Antónia, Duchess of Parma 22nd GenerationInfanta Maria*** • Maria Ana, Crown Princess of Saxony*** • Antónia, Princess of Hohenzollern*** • Isabel, Princess Imperial of Brazil** • Infanta Maria da Glória*** • Leopoldina, Princess Ludwig August of Saxe-Coburg-Kohary** • Maria Teresa, Princess Karl Ludwig of Thurn und Taxis • Isabel Maria, Princess of Thurn und Taxis • Infanta Maria Benedita • Infanta Mafalda • Maria Anna, Hereditary Princess of Thurn und Taxis • Infanta Filippa Maria • Maria Antónia, Mrs. Chanler • Maria Adelaide, Mrs. van Uden 23rd Generationnone 24th GenerationInfanta Maria Ana*** • Infanta Maria Francisca*also an infanta of Spain, **also an imperial princess of Brazil, ***also a princess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Duchess in SaxonyThe generations are numbered from the ascension of Adolphe as Grand Duke of Luxembourg in 1890. 1st generationInfanta Maria Ana of Portugal* 2nd generationnone 3rd generationPrincess Joséphine-Charlotte of Belgium*^ · Joan Douglas Dillon*^ 4th generation 5th generationTessy Antony**also a princess of Nassau by marriage
^also a princess of Bourbon-Parma by marriage
Princesses of Nassau by marriageThe generations are numbered from the ascension of William as Duke of Nassau in 1816. 1st generationnone 2nd generationInfanta Maria Ana of Portugal* 3rd generationnone 4th generationPrincess Joséphine-Charlotte of Belgium*^ · Joan Douglas Dillon*^ 5th generation 6th generationTessy Antony* 7th generationnone*also a princess of Luxembourg by marriage
^also a princess of Bourbon-Parma by marriage
Grand Ducal consorts of LuxembourgMaría Teresa Mestre y Batista-Falla (2000-)
Princess Joséphine-Charlotte of Belgium (1964–2000) · Prince Felix of Bourbon-Parma (1919–1964) · Infanta Maria Ana of Portugal (1905–1912) · Princess Adelheid-Marie of Anhalt-Dessau (1890–1905) · Princess Emma of Waldeck and Pyrmont (1879–1890) · Princess Sophie of Württemberg (1849–1877) · Grand Duchess Anna Pavlovna of Russia (1840–1849) · Princess Wilhelmine of Prussia (1815–1837)·
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