- Ernst Neizvestny
Ernst Iosifovich Neizvestny ( _ru. Эрнст Иосифович Неизвестный) (born on
9 April, 1925in Sverdlovsk) is a famous Russian-Jewish sculptorof the second half of the 20th century. Ironically, his surname (often taken for a pseudonym) translates to "unknown" or "not famous" in English. He currently lives and works in New York City.
His parents, Jews, were purged in the 1930s. At the age of 17, Neizvestny joined the
Red Armyas a volunteer. At the close of World War II, he was heavily wounded and sustained a clinical death. Although he was awarded the Order of the Red Banner"posthumously" and his mother received an official notification that her son had died, Neizvestny managed to survive.
In 1947, Neizvestny was enrolled at the Academy of Arts in
Riga. He continued his education at the Surikov Moscow Art Instituteand the Philosophy Department of the Moscow State University. His sculptures, often based on the forms of the human body, are noted for their expressionismand powerful plasticity. Although his preferred material is bronze, his larger, monumental installations are often executed in concrete. Most of his works are arranged in extensive cycles, the best known of which is "The Tree of Life", a theme he has developed since 1956.
Nikita Khrushchevfamously derided Neizvestny's works as degenerate artat the Moscow Manegeexhibition of 1962 ("Why do you disfigure the faces of Soviet people?"), the sculptor was later approached by Khruschev's relatives to construct a tomb for the former Soviet leader at the Novodevichy Cemetery. Other well-known works he created during the Soviet period are " Prometheus" in Artek (1966) and the "Lotus Flower" at the Aswan Damin Egypt(1971). In 1976, he moved from the USSR to Switzerland.
During the 1980s, Neizvestny was a guest lecturer at the University of Oregon and at UC Berkeley. He also worked with Magna Gallery in San Francisco, and had a number of shows which were well-attended in the mid 1980s. This gallery also asked him to create his "Man through the Wall" series to celebrate the end of Communism at the end of the 1980s. He subsequently ended his relationship with the gallery.
In 1996, Neizvestny completed his
Mask of Sorrow, a 15-meter tall monument to the victims of Soviet purges, situated in Magadan. The same year, he was awarded the State Prize of the Russian Federation. Although he still lives in New York City and works at Columbia University, Neizvestny frequently visits Moscow and celebrated his 80th birthday there. A museum dedicated to his sculptures was established in Uttersberg, Sweden. Some of his crucifixion statues were acquired by John Paul IIfor the Vatican Museums. In 2004 Neizvestny became an honorary member of the Russian Academy of Arts.
*Voronov N.V. "Ernst Neizvestny". Moscow, 1991.
* [http://www.enstudio.com/ Studio of Ernst Neizvestny web site]
* [http://www.KolodzeiArt.org Kolodzei Art Foundation and the Kolodzei Collection of Russian and Eastern European Art]
* [http://www.russia-ic.com/culture_art/visual_arts/254/ Sculptor Ernst Neizvestny]
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