Prince Ludwig Ferdinand of Bavaria

Prince Ludwig Ferdinand of Bavaria
Prince Ludwig Ferdinand
Prince Ludwig Ferdinand of Bavaria
Spouse Infanta Maria da Paz of Spain
Prince Ferdinand
Prince Adalbert
Princess Pilar
House House of Wittelsbach
Father Prince Adalbert of Bavaria
Mother Infanta Amalia Philippina of Spain
Born 22 October 1859(1859-10-22)
Madrid, Spain
Died 23 November 1949(1949-11-23) (aged 90)
Munich, Bavaria
Burial Michaelskirche, Munich, Bavaria

Prince Ludwig Ferdinand of Bavaria (German: Prinz Ludwig Ferdinand Maria Karl Heinrich Adalbert Franz Philipp Andreas Konstantin von Bayern) (1859–1949), was a member of the Bavarian Royal House of Wittelsbach and a General of Cavalry. Following his marriage to Infanta Maria da Paz of Spain, he also became Spanish infante.


General information

He was the eldest son of Prince Adalbert of Bavaria (1828–75) and Infanta Amalia Philippina of Spain (1834–1905). He was a paternal grandson of King Ludwig I of Bavaria and his first wife Princess Therese of Saxe-Altenburg. His maternal grandparents were Infante Francisco de Paula of Spain and his wife Princess Luisa Carlotta of Bourbon-Two Sicilies.

Ludwig Ferdinand's paternal uncles were King Maximilian II of Bavaria, King Otto I of Greece and Prince Regent Luitpold of Bavaria. His maternal uncle was King-Consort Francis of Spain (1822–1902) and maternally his first cousin was King Alfonso XII of Spain (1857–85), two years his senior. Ludwig Ferdinand was born in Madrid, but his younger siblings in Bavaria where they had returned.

Ludwig II, Otto I and Ludwig III, Kings of Bavaria, were his first cousins. Alfonso XIII (reigned 1885–1931) was a first cousin's son.


Prince Ludwig Ferdinand of Bavaria was married in 1883 to his maternal first cousin, Infanta Maria da Paz of Spain (1862–1946), the second-youngest daughter of his uncle King Francis and Queen Regnant Isabella II of Spain (reigned from 1833 up to 1868 when deposed, abdicated 1870 and died 1904) and the 845th Dame of the Royal Order of Queen Maria Luisa. The wedding took place in Madrid, during her brother Alfonso XII's reign. In 1885 the young couple returned to Bavaria, resided chiefly in Nymphenburg Palace.

They established the so-called Spanish branch of the Bavarian royal family, started with Ludwig Ferdinand's parents' marriage but strengthened by successive Spanish marriages in altogether three generations.


They had following children:

  • Prince Ferdinand of Bavaria, Prince of Bavaria (1884–1958), born in Madrid and settled permanently in Spain in 1905, married Infanta Maria Teresa of Spain
  • Princess Pilar of Bavaria (1891–1987), unmarried.

Both Ludwig Ferdinand and then Ferdinand died during the Franco regime, the former in Nymphenburg, Bavaria, and the latter in Madrid, Spain.

Ludwig Ferdinand's sisters were Isabella, Duchess of Genoa; Elvira, Countess Kaunitz; and Clara, Abbess of St. Anna; and his younger brother was Prince Alphonse of Bavaria, husband of Louise of Orléans, daughter of Ferdinand, Duke of Alençon and Sophie Charlotte in Bavaria. Alphonse's son Prince Joseph Clemens of Bavaria lived 1902–90 and died childless and unmarried. A daughter, Elisabeth, became Countess Kageneck.


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