- William Trufant Foster
William Trufant Foster (
January 18, 1879- October 8, 1950), was an American educator and economist, whose theories were especially influential in the 1920s. He was the first president of Reed College.
Foster was born in
Boston, Massachusettson January 18, 1879. He graduated from Harvard Universitywith an A.B. in 1901 and an A.M., 1904. Foster was an instructor of English at Bates Collegein Maine, from 1901-03 and served as a coach of Bates' internationally known debate program. Foster was also professor of English and Argumentation at Bowdoin College in Maine in 1905. He authored "Argumentation and Debating", published in 1908. Foster eventually received a Ph.D. in 1911 from Teachers College, Columbia University. His conception of "the ideal college" set out in the concluding chapter of his dissertation, led to his appointment as the first president of Reed College, 1911-1919. He rejected intercollegiate sports and fostered close intellectual collaboration between faculty and students. He was director (1920-1950) of the Pollak Foundation of Economic Research, in Newton, Massachusetts, where he emphasized the need to protect consumer interests.
He collaborated with his Harvard classmate
Waddill Catchingsin a series of economics books that were highly influential in the United States in the 1920s. His influential books, written with Catchings , were "Money" (1923), "Profits" (1925), "Business Without a Buyer" (1927), "The Road to Plenty" (1928), and "Progress and Plenty" (1930).
Foster and Catchings rejected traditional laissez-faire economics and called for aggressive federal involvement to balance the economy lest destabilizing forces upset prosperity. The main problem was underconsumption, which could be overcome by strategic government spending in public works. The theory strongly influenced the anti-depression programs of
Herbert Hoover, and Franklin D. Roosevelt, as well as Federal Reserve Board Chairman Marriner Eccles.
* William J. Barber. "Herbert Hoover, the Economists, and American Economic Policy, 1921-1933" (1985)
* Joseph Dorfman, "The Economic Mind in American Civilization" (1959) vol 4 pp 339-351
* Alan H. Gleason, "Foster and Catchings: A Reappraisal," "Journal of Political Economy" (Apr. 1959). 67:156+
* "" at
* [http://www.harpers.org/archive/1916/09/0030820 "Should Students Study?"] hosted by Harper's Magazine
* [http://web.reed.edu/reed_magazine/summer2007/features/C_A_FL/index.html Reed Magazine: What's so funny 'bout communism, atheism, and free love? (1/8)]
* William Trufant Foster edited and contributed three chapters to "The Social Emergency: Studies in Sex Hygiene and Morals". The work was based on an extension course given at Reed College.
* [http://web.reed.edu/alumni/oral_hist_timeline.html Reed College Oral History Project Time Line]
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