List of South American folk music traditions


List of South American folk music traditions

This is a list of folk music traditions, with styles, dances, instruments and other related topics. The term "folk music" can not be easily defined in a precise manner; it is used with widely-varying definitions depending on the author, intended audience and context within a work. Similarly, the term "traditions" in this context does not connote any strictly-defined criteria. Music scholars, journalists, audiences, record industry individuals, politicians, nationalists and demagogues may often have occasion to address which fields of folk music are distinct traditions based along racial, geographic, linguistic, religious, tribal or ethnic lines, and all such peoples will likely use different criteria to decide what constitutes a "folk music tradition". This list uses the same general categories used by mainstream, primarily English-language, scholarly sources, as determined by relevant statements of fact and the internal structure of works.

These traditions may coincide entirely, partially or not at all with geographic, political, linguistic or cultural boundaries. Very few, if any, music scholars would claim that there are any folk music traditions that can be considered specific to a distinct group of people and with characteristics undiluted by contact with the music of other peoples; thus, the folk music traditions described herein overlap in varying degrees with each other.

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Afro-Colombian [Burton, Kim, "El Sonido Dorado" in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 372 - 385]
Styles = champeta
Dance = contradanza - currulao - mazurka - polka
Instrumentation = drum - marimba - shaker
Peoples =
Geography =
Other =

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Argentina [Manuel, "Popular Musics", pgs. 59 - 60; Peiro, Teddy and Jan Fairley, "Vertical Expression of Horizontal Desire", and Fairley's "Dancing Cheek to Cheek", both in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 304 - 314 and 315 - 316; Nettl, "Folk and Traditional Music", pg. 190; [http://www.worldmusiccentral.org/staticpages/index.php/glossary World Music Central] ]
Styles = baguala - chamamé - cifra - folklorica - milonga - payada - tango - tonada - tunga-tunga [Though Fairley's essay places "cuarteto" and its "tunga-tunga" rhythm, and the modern "folklorica" trend, in a folk music context, their description indicates that all three topics are a largely modern subject, and may be more closely associated with popular than folk music.]
Dance = bataclán - chacarera - cuarteto - cueca - gato - milonga - tango - vidala - zamba
Instrumentation = accordion - bandoneón - flute - guitar - guitarrón - harp - piano - violin
Other = candombe - compadrito - lunfardo

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Aymara [Turino, pgs. 239 - 240; Fairley, Jan, "Beyond the Ponchos", in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 273 - 288]
Styles =
Dance =
Instrumentation = bombo - cajas - charango - kena - pinkillus - pitu - quena - siku - tarkas - wankara
Other =

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Bolivia [ [http://www.worldmusiccentral.org/staticpages/index.php/glossary World Music Central] ]
Styles =
Dance = bailecito - cueca - huayñitos
Instrumentation =
Other =

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Brazil [Manuel, "Popular Musics", pg. 64; Turino, pgs. 245 - 246; Cleary, David, "Meu Brasil Brasileiro", in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 332 - 349; Nettl, "Folk and Traditional Music", pg. 191; [http://www.worldmusiccentral.org/staticpages/index.php/glossary World Music Central] ]
Styles = boi - Capoeira song - choro - frevo - literatura de cordel - maracatu - modinha - repentismo - samba
Dance = baião - batuque - bloco - Capoeira - carimbó - cururu - fandango - forró - jongo - kankuku - lundu - maxixe - modinha - muñeres - samba - xango
Instrumentation = agogó - atabaque - berimbau - cavaquinho - clarinet - cuícas - pandeiros - piano - reco-recos - sanfona - surdos - tamborím - triangle - viola - violão
Other = Candomblé - Carnival - escolas de samba

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Chile [Schechter, John M., "Latin America/Ecuador" in "Worlds of Music", pgs. 376 - 427; [http://www.worldmusiccentral.org/staticpages/index.php/glossary World Music Central] ]
Styles =
Dance = chocolate - cueca - periconas - sirillas - tras trasera - valses chilotes
Instrumentation =guitar - Chilean guitarrón - harp - tambourine - hand-clapping
Other =

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Colombia [Manuel, "Popular Musics", pgs. 50 - 52; Turino, pg. 244; Burton, Kim, "El Sonido Dorado" in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 372 - 385; [http://www.worldmusiccentral.org/staticpages/index.php/glossary World Music Central] ]
Styles = cumbia - bullerengue - cumbiamba - puya - lumbalú - mapalé - paseo - porro - tambora - son palenquero - puya vallenata - son vallenato - merengue vallenato - paseo vallenato - bambuco - pasillo - vals - danza - rajaleña - rumba campesina - guabina - sanjuanero - torbellino - currulao - juga - makerulle - porro chocoano - contradanza - andarele - aguabajo - tonada - pasaje - contrapunteo - copla - golpe - pajarillo - llanera - corrido - galerón - joropo - mentó - calypso - reggae
Dance = bambuco - sanjuanero - cumbia - currulao - joropo - porro
Instrumentation = accordion - bandola - bandolin - bass drum - bombardino - bombo - caja - capacho - carrizo - clarinet - cuatro - cymbal - flauto de millo - gaita - guacharaca - guache - guachos - harp - marimba - marimbula - pito - saxophone - snare drum - tambor hembra - tambor macho - tambora - tiple - trumpet - tuba
Other =

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Ecuador [Turino, pg. 244; Fairley, Jan, "Beyond the Ponchos", in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 273 - 288; Schechter, John M., "Latin America/Ecuador" in "Worlds of Music", pgs. 376 - 427]
Styles = albazo - pasillo - pasacalle - tonada - yaraví - vals - currulao - andarele - bomba del chota - capishka
Dance = currulao
Instrumentation = bombo - marimba - panpipe - rondador - pingullo - bomba - requinto
Other =

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Andean [Fairley, Jan, "Beyond the Ponchos" and "An Uncompromising Song", in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 273 - 288, and pgs. 362 - 371]
Styles = huayno - marinera - rasgueado - vals criollo - yaraví
Dance = punchay kashwa - huayno - incaico - sayas
Instrumentation = Andean harp - cajón - charango - guitarra - mandolin - panpipe - quena - tinya - vihuela - violin
Peoples =
Geography =
Other = Indigenismo - payadore

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Kallawaya [Schechter, John M., "Latin America/Ecuador" in "Worlds of Music", pgs. 376 - 427]
Styles = k'antu
Dance =
Instrumentation = arca - ira - ch'inisku - wankara - zampona
Other =

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Peru [ [http://www.worldmusiccentral.org/staticpages/index.php/glossary World Music Central] ]
Styles =
Dance = alcatraz - festejo - landó - marinera
Instrumentation = cajón - guitar - bugle
Other =

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Quechua [Turino, pgs. 239 - 240, 242; Fairley, Jan, "Beyond the Ponchos", in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 273 - 288; Schechter, John M., "Latin America/Ecuador" in "Worlds of Music", pgs. 376 - 427]
Styles = sanjuan - vacación
Dance = huayno - sanjuan
Instrumentation = antara - charango - harp - kena - quena - violin
Other = golpeador - matrimonio - misai - wawa velorio

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Sirionó [Nettl, "Folk and Traditional Music", pg. 149]
Styles =
Dance =
Instrumentation = None
Other =

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Suyá [Turino, gp. 243]
Styles = akía
Dance =
Instrumentation = rattle
Other =

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Uruguay [Nettl, "Folk and Traditional Music", pg. 174]
Styles =
Dance = candombe
Instrumentation =
Other =

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Venezuela [Sweeney, Philip and Dan Rosenberg, "Salsa Con Gasolina", in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 624 - 630; Schechter, John M., "Latin America/Ecuador" in "Worlds of Music", pgs. 376 - 427; [http://www.worldmusiccentral.org/staticpages/index.php/glossary World Music Central] ]
Styles = Calypso de El Callao - Fulía - gaita - llanera - parranda - sangeo - aguinaldo - Galerón - Malagueña - Punto - Venezuelan bambuco - Venezuelan work songs
Dance = joropo - merengue - polo - tamunangue - Venezuelan waltz - Venezuelan polka
Instrumentation = culoepuya - cuatro - furruco - harp - mandolin - maraca - mina - quitiplas - tambor - bandola
Other = Dancing Devils of Yare - Llanero

References

*cite book
author = Broughton, Simon and Mark Ellingham (eds.)
edition = First edition
id = ISBN 1-85828-636-0
location = London
publisher = Rough Guides
title = Rough Guide to World Music
year = 2000

*cite book
author = Lankford, Ronald D. Jr.
id = ISBN 0-8256-7300-3
location = New York
publsher = Schirmer Trade Books
title = The Changing Voice Music of Protest USA
year = 2005

*cite book
author = Philip V. Bohlman
coauthors = Bruno Nettl, Charles Capwell, Thomas Turino and Isabel K. F. Wong
edition = Second edition
id = ISBN 0-13-230632-8
publisher = Prentice Hall
title = Excursions in World Music
year = 1997

*cite book
author = Nettl, Bruno
location = Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey
publisher = Prentice Hall
title = Folk and Traditional Music of the Western Continents
year = 1965

*cite book
author = Fujie, Linda, James T. Koetting, David P. McAllester, David B. Reck, John M. Schechter, Mark Slobin and R. Anderson Sutton
edition = Second Edition
editor = Jeff Todd Titan (Ed.)
id = ISBN 0-02-872602-2
location = New York
publisher = Schirmer Books
title = Worlds of Music: An Introduction to the Music of the World's Peoples
year = 1992

*cite book
author = van der Merwe, Peter
id = ISBN 0-19-316121-4
location = Oxford
publisher = Clarendon Press
title = Origins of the Popular Style: The Antecedents of Twentieth-Century Popular Music
year = 1989

*cite web
accessdate= April 3
accessyear= 2006
title = International Dance Glossary
url = http://www.worldmusiccentral.org/staticpages/index.php/glossary
work = World Music Central

Notes


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