Pension fund


Pension fund

A pension fund is a pool of assets forming an independent legal entity that are bought with the contributions to a pension plan for the exclusive purpose of financing pension plan benefits.

Pension funds are important shareholders of listed and private companies. They are especially important to the stock market where large institutional investors like the Ontario Teachers' Pension Plan dominate. The largest 300 pension funds collectively hold about $6 trillion in assets. [ [http://www.watsonwyatt.com/europe/pubs/globalinvestment/render2.asp?id=12170 Global Investment Review ] ] In January 2008, "The Economist" reported that Morgan Stanley estimates that pension funds world-wide hold over US$20 trillion in assets, the largest for any category of investor ahead of mutual funds, insurance companies, currency reserves, sovereign wealth funds, hedge funds, or private equity. ["The Economist" Jan 17, 2008 ( [http://www.economist.com/finance/displaystory.cfm?story_id=10533428 economist.com)] ]

Classifications

Open vs. closed pension funds

Open pension funds support at least one pension plan with no restriction on membership while closed pension funds support only pension plans that are limited to certain employees. [ [http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/0/49/38356329.pdf OECD] ]

Closed pension funds are further subclassified into:
*"Single employer pension funds"
*"Multi-employer pension funds"
*"Related member pension funds"
*"Individual pension funds"

Public vs. private pension funds

A public pension fund is one that is regulated under public sector law while a private pension fund is regulated under private sector law. In certain countries the distinction between public or government pension funds and private pension funds may be difficult to assess.

Examples

Canada

Government

* Caisse de dépôt et placement du Québec
* Canada Pension Plan
* Alberta Investment Management

Private

* Ontario Teachers' Pension Plan (union-controlled)
* Hospitals of Ontario Pension Plan (HOOPP)
* OMERS Administration Corporation (OMERS)

Chile

* Chile pension system

The Netherlands

* Stichting Pensioenfonds ABP (ABP)
* Stichting Pensioenfonds Zorg en Welzijn (PFZW, formerly PGGM)

Singapore

* Central Provident Fund

United States

Government

* California Public Employees' Retirement System (CalPERS)
* California State Teachers' Retirement System (CalSTRS)
* Federal Retirement Thrift Investment Board
* Teacher Retirement System of Texas (TRS of Texas)
* Illinois Municipal Retirement Fund
* Retirement Systems of Alabama
* Kansas Public Employees Retirement System (KPERS)
* Kansas City Public School Retirement System (KCPSRS)
* Minnesota Public Employees' Retirement Association (MNPERA)
* Minnesota Teachers' Retirement Association (MNTRA)
* Fire and Police Pension Association of Colorado (FPPA)

Largest pension funds

ee also

*Global assets under management
*Pension insurance contract

References



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Look at other dictionaries:

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