Whit Monday


Whit Monday
Medieval Russian icon of the Old Testament Trinity by Andrei Rublev, used as the icon of the feast for Whit Monday.

Whit Monday or Pentecost Monday (also known as Monday of the Holy Spirit) is the holiday celebrated the day after Pentecost, a movable feast in the Christian calendar. It is movable because it is determined by the date of Easter.

Whit Monday gets its English name for following "Whitsun", the day that became one of the three baptismal seasons. The origin of the name "Whit Sunday" is generally attributed to the white garments formerly worn by those newly baptized on this feast.

Contents

Observance in European countries

The Monday after Pentecost is a holiday in Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Gibraltar, Hungary, Iceland, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Romania, and Switzerland. In many of these countries, Whit Monday is known as "the second day of Pentecost" or "the second Whitsun". In France, it was a non-pay work day for many workers from 2005 to 2007. This was to raise extra funds for elderly and disabled people.[1] It became a public holiday again in 2008.[2] In Liechtenstein, Whit Monday is considered to be a "favorite holiday"; much like Christmas in many other countries. In Germany, Whit Monday (German: Pfingstmontag) is a Holy Day of Obligation for Roman Catholics.[3]

Until 1973, Whit Monday was a public holiday in Ireland. It was a bank holiday in the United Kingdom until 1967. It was formally replaced by the fixed Spring Bank Holiday on the last Monday in May in 1971.[4] It was also a public holiday in various former British colonies, especially in the Pacific. It is still a public holiday in some of the countries of the Commonwealth Caribbean.

Observance in Eastern Orthodoxy

In the Eastern Orthodox Church Whit Monday is known as "Monday of the Holy Spirit" or "Day of the Holy Spirit" and is the first day of the afterfeast of Pentecost, being dedicated specifically to the honor of God the Holy Spirit and particularly to the historical event of his descent on the holy apostles on Pentecost. The day following is known as Third Day of the Trinity.[5] In the services on the Monday of the Holy Spirit many of the same hymns are sung as on the day of Pentecost itself. During the Divine Liturgy the Deacon intones the same introit as on the day of Pentecost, and the dismissal is the same as on the day of Pentecost. Special canons to the Holy Spirit are chanted at Compline and Matins.

Dates

Dates for Whit Monday, 2002–2020
Year Western Eastern
2002 May 20 June 24
2003 June 9 June 16
2004 May 31
2005 May 16 June 20
2006 June 5 June 12
2007 May 28
2008 May 12 June 16
2009 June 1 June 8
2010 May 24
2011 June 13
2012 May 28 June 4
2013 May 20 June 24
2014 June 9
2015 May 25 June 1
2016 May 16 June 20
2017 June 5
2018 May 21 May 28
2019 June 10 June 17
2020 June 1 June 8

The table on the right provides columns giving the dates on which Whit Monday is observed in both Western Christianity and Eastern Christianity. The Eastern Orthodox and Oriental Orthodox churches calculate Pascha (Easter) differently from the West (see Computus), and so the date of Whit Monday will be different most years.

References

  1. ^ Solidarity Day in France Retrieved 2009-04-17.
  2. ^ Whit Monday in France. Retrieved 2009-04-17.
  3. ^ Deutsche Bischofskonferenz, 1995-10-05, Feiertagregelung. Retrieved 2008-05-12.
  4. ^ Spring Bank Holiday in the United Kingdom. Retrieved 2009-04-17.
  5. ^ OCA - Feasts and Saints. Retrieved 2011-06-06.

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Whit Monday — noun The Monday following Whitsunday • • • Main Entry: ↑Whit * * * Whit Monday [Whit Monday] the day after ↑Whit Sunday. It used to be a ↑bank holiday in Britain. In the 1960s it was replaced by the ↑Spring Bank Holiday …   Useful english dictionary

  • Whit Monday — Whit Mon|day the day after Whit Sunday, which used to be a public holiday in the UK. There is now a holiday around the same time called the Spring Bank Holiday , but it is not always on Whit Monday …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Whit Monday — the day after Whit Sunday. It used to be a bank holiday in Britain. In the 1960s it was replaced by the Spring Bank Holiday, which some people still call Whit Monday. * * * …   Universalium

  • Whit — Sunday (or Pentecost) is the seventh Sunday after Easter, and Whit Monday is the day following Whit Sunday. Whitsun and Whit are regularly used as informal shortenings of Whitsuntide, the weekend including Whit Sunday. Whit is related in form to… …   Modern English usage

  • Monday — For other uses, see Monday (disambiguation). Galileo s 1616 drawings of the Moon and its phases. Monday is named after the Moon in many languages. Monday ( …   Wikipedia

  • whit — [[t](h)wɪ̱t[/t]] 1) PHRASE: with neg, PHR after v (emphasis) You say not a whit or not one whit to emphasize that something is not the case at all. [mainly FORMAL or OLD FASHIONED] He cared not a whit for the social, political or moral aspects of …   English dictionary

  • whit — adj. connected with, belonging to, or following Whit Sunday (Whit Monday; Whit weekend). Phrases and idioms: Whit Sunday the seventh Sunday after Easter, commemorating the descent of the Holy Spirit at Pentecost (Acts 2). Etymology: OE Hwita… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Whit Watson — (born 1971) is a sportscaster for Sun Sports, the Florida based regional cable network owned and operated by Fox Television. He joined the network in August 2003 after nearly seven years at ESPN in Bristol, Connecticut. At ESPN, Watson hosted a… …   Wikipedia

  • Whit Tuesday — (syn. Pentecost Tuesday, Whitsun Tuesday) is the Christian holiday celebrated the day after Pentecost Monday, the third day of the week beginning on Pentecost. Pentecost is a movable feast in the Christian calendar, being dependent upon the date… …   Wikipedia

  • Whit|mon|day — «HWIHT MUHN dee, day», noun. the Monday after Whitsunday, a bank holiday in England …   Useful english dictionary