List of German exonyms for places in Latvia


List of German exonyms for places in Latvia

This page contains a list of exonyms in German for geographical places in the current and previous territory of Latvia. The list is in alphabetical order according to the German exonyms with the Latvian endonyms to their right. A large part of the Latgale region of Latvia was included in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (1569-1772), later in the Vitebsk Guberniya of the Russian Empire (1804-1917), hence the common practice of transcribing Polish exonyms into German when no German exonym existed. Exonyms in "italics" are the transcribed versions of the Polish or Russian exonyms for the places in question.

The German exonyms in this list are not used in Latvia today except by German-speaking tourists on sightseeing. The practical use of this list is more of an historical nature, for use in genealogy, philately, deltiology and reading historical documents in general. It should be noted that there were quite a number of shtetls in Latvia prior to World War II and the Holocaust, which means that transcribed Yiddish exonyms in Latin letters of places in Latvia also exist.

Exonyms in this list were used in the first half of the 20th century and perhaps somewhat earlier. The spelling of the exonyms changes the further back in time they occur, since the German language changed considerably during the seven centuries of German presence in the Baltics.

A


* Aahof (Riga Region): Ādaži
* Aahof (Valka Region): Lejasciems
* Abelhof: Abeļi
* Adiamünde: Skulte
* Adsel: Gaujiena
* Aglohn: Aglona
* Aistern: Aiztere
* Aiswicken: Aizviķi
* Akniste: Aknīste
* Alexandershof: Šķibe
* Allasch: Allaži
* Allendorf: Aloja
* Alschwangen: Alsunga
* Alswig: Alsviķi
* Alt-Autz: Vecauce
* Alt-Bergfried: Vecsvirlauka
* Altenburg: Vecpils
* Altenwoga: Meņģele
* Alt-Kalzenau: Veckalsnava
* Alt-Laitzen: Veclaicene
* Alt-Lassen (Kr. Illuxt): Veclasi
* Alt-Likoppen: Likupeni, Veclikupeni
* Alt-Mocken: Vecmokas
* Alt-Ottenhof: Vecate
* Alt-Pebalg: Vecpiebalga
* Alt-Rahden: Vecsaule
* Alt-Salis: Vecsalaca
* Alt-Schwanenburg: Vecgulbene
* Alt-Schwarden: Veczvarde
* Alt-Selburg: Vecselpils
* Alt-Sickeln: Vecsikele
* Alt-Wohlfart: Ēvele
* Amboten: Embūte
* "Andrepno": Andrupene
* Angermünde: Rinda
* Angern: Engure
* Annenhof (Valka Region): Anna
* Annenhof (Tukums Region): Annenieki
* "Antonopol": Malta
* Anzen: Ance
* Appricken: Apriķi
* Arrasch: Āraiši
* Ascheraden: Aizkraukle
* Assern: Asare
* Assieten: Asite
* Asuppen: Aizupe
* "Ataschan": Atašiene
* Auermünde: Auri
* Aula: Auleja
* Autz: Auce
* Ägypten: Egipte

B


* Babbit: Babīte
* Bagge-Assieten: Audera Asite
* Bahten: Bāte
* "Bakowo": Purvmala
* "Balbinowo": Indra
* Baldohn: Baldone
* Balgalln: Balgale
* "Baltinowo": Baltinava
* Barbern: Bārbele
* Bartau: Bārta
* Bassen: Basi
* Bauenhof: Bauņi
* Bauske: Bauska
* Behnen: Bēne
* Berghof: Brocēni
* Berkenh
Birkeneļi
* Bersgall: Bērzgale
* Bershof: Bērzmuiža
* Bersohn: Bērzaune
* Bewern: Bebrene
* Bewershof: Bebri
* Beyenhof: Beja
* Bickern: Bikernieri
* Bienenhof (Riga): Bišumuiža
* Bilskenhof: Bilska
* Birsen: Bērzpils
* Birsgallen: Birzgale
* Bixten: Biksti
* Blieden: Blīdene
* Blumenhof: Blome
* Bolwa: Balvi
* Bonaventura: Baloži
* "Borkawa": Borkava
* Born: Kaplava
* Breslau: Braslava
* Brigi: Briģi
* Brucken: Brukņa
* Buckmuische: Bukmuiža
* Bulderaa (Riga): Bolderāja
* Burtneck: Burtnieki
* Buschhof: Birži

C


* Charlottenburg: Pedeze

D


* Dageten: Dagda
* Dahlen: Dole
* Dalbingen: Dalbe
* Daudsewas: Daudzeva
* Daugeln: Dauguļi
* Demmen: Dēmene
* Dickeln: Dikļi
* Doblen: Dobele
* Dondangen: Dundaga
* "Drizane": Drīceni
* Drobbusch: Drabeži
* Drostenhof: Drusti
* Druween: Druviena
* Dserwen: Dzērve
* Dubbeln: Dubulti
* Dubena: Dignāja
* Dubenalken: Dunalka
* Duhrenhof: Dūre
* Dunniken: Dunika
* Dunteshof: Dunte
* Durben: Durbe
* Dweeten: Dviete
* Düna (river): Daugava
* Dünaburg: Daugavpils
* Dünamünde: Daugavgrīva
* Dünhof: Daugmale

E


* Eckengraf: Viesīte
* Eckau: Iecava
* Edinburg: Dzintari
* Edsen (see also Groß-Irwanden): Lielivande
* Edwahlen: Ēdole
* Egipten: Vilkumiests
* Ellern: Elkšņi
* Elley: Eleja
* Erlaa: Ērgļi
* Ermes: Ērģeme
* Erwahlen: Ārlava
* Essern: Ezere
* Ewahden: Ievade
* Ewsthof: Aiviekste

F


* Fehgen: Vējava
* Fehteln: Vietalva
* Felixberg: Jūrkalne
* Festen: Vestiena
* Fianden: Mārkalne
* Firks-Assiten: Baģu Asīte
* Fossenberg: Ķēči
* Frauenburg: Saldus
* Freudenberg: Priekuļi
* Friedrichshof: Baižkalns
* Friedrichstadt: Jaunjelgava
* Friedrichswald: Saikava
* Funkenhof: Bunka

G


* "Gaigalowa": Gaigalava
* Gaiken: Gaiķi
* Galen: Vidsmuiža
* Garosen: Garoza
* Garssen: Gārsene
* Gawesen: Gavieze
* "Gawri": Gauri
* Gipken: Gipka
* Goldingen: Kuldīga
* "Golgowsky": Galgauska
* Gotthardsberg: Gatarta
* Gramsden: Gramzda
* Gravendahl: Kraukļi
* Grendsen: Grenči
* Grenzhof: Mežmuiža
* Griwa: Grīva
* Griwaischen: Grivaisi
* Grizgaln: Gridzgale
* Grobin: Grobiņa
* Grösen: Grieze
* Groß-Autz: Lielauce
* Groß-Bersteln: Bērstele
* Groß-Buschhof: Birzi
* Grossdohn: Grostona
* Groß-Dserwen: Lieldzerve
* Groß-Eckau: Iecava, Lieliecava
* Groß-Ilmajen: Dižilmājā
* Groß-Iwanden see also Edsen: Lielivande, Lielvārde
* Groß-Jungfernhof: Lieljumprava
* Groß-Kruthen: Lielkrute
* Groß-Roop: Lielstraupe
* Groß-Rönnen: Lielrende
* Groß-Salwen: Lielzalve
* Groß-Sessau: Lielsesava
* Groß-Sonnaxt: Lielsanakste, Lielsunakste
* Groß-Würzau: Lielvircava
* Groß-Zezern: Lielcecere
* Grundsahl: Grundzāle
* Grünewalde: Zālīte
* Grünhof: Zaļenieki
* Guddeneecken: Gudenieki

H


* Hagensberg (Riga): Āgenskalns
* Hasau: Užava
* Hasenpoth: Aizpute
* Haynasch: Ainaži
* Herbergen: Erberge
* Heydenfeld: Sarkaņi
* Hinzenberg: Inčukalns
* Hirschenhof: Irši
* Hochrosen: Augstroze
* Hofzumberge: Tervete
* Hohenbergen: Veļķi
* Holmhof: Salas, Salasmuiza
* Homeln: Omuļi
* Hoppenhof: Ape
* Horstenhof: Launkalne

I


* Idwen: Idus
* Iggen: Iģene
* Ihlen: Īle
* Ilgezeem (Riga): Iļģuciems
* Illuxt: Ilūkste
* Ilsen: Ilzene
* Ilsenburg: Ilze
* Ippik: Ipiķi
* Irben: Irbe, Gipka
* Irlau: Irlava
* Isabellin: Skaista
* Islitz: Islīca
* Iwanden: Ivande

J


* Jakobstadt: Jēkabpils
* Jasch-Mysa: Jāsmuiža
* Jummerdehn: Jumurda
* Jungfernhof: Jumprava
* Jürgensburg: Zaube, Jaunpils

K


* Kabillen: Kabile
* Kadfer: Katvari
* Kaipen: Ķeipene
* Kaiserwald (Riga): Mežaparks
* Kalkuhnen: Laucesa
* Kalleten: Kalēti
* Kalnemoise: Kalncempji
* Kalnzeem: Kalnciems
* Kaltenbrunn: Kaldabruņa
* Kalwen: Kalvene
* Kalzenau: Kalsnava
* Kandau: Kandava
* Kapin: Kapiņi
* Karkell: Kārķi
* Karlsruhe: Kārļi
* Karsau: Kārsava
* Kastran: Kastrāne
* Katlekaln: Katlekalns
* "Katschanowo": Kaceni
* Katzdangen: Kazdanga
* Kaugershof: Kauguri
* Keckau: Ķekava
* Kegeln: Ķieģeļi
* Keggum: Ķegums
* Kemmern: Ķemeri
* Kempenhof: Ķempēnu, Jaunkempji
* Kerklingen: Ķerkliņi
* Kerstenbehm: Kārzdaba
* Klein-Irben: Mazirbe
* Klein-Kruthen: Mazkrute
* Klein-Roop: Mazstraupe
* Klein-Salwen: Mazzalve
* Kloster-Hasenpoth: Klostere
* Kirchholm: Salaspils
* Koddiak: Rozēni
* Kokenhof: Kokmuiža
* Kokenhusen: Koknese
* "Kokorow": Tilza
* Kolken: Kolkā
* Koltzen: Bīriņi
* Kolup: Kalupe
* Koplau: Kaplava
* "Korsowka": Kārsava
* Kortenhof: Beļava
* Korwenhof: Korva
* Kosenhof: Kosa
* "Kownat": Kaunata
* Kraslau: Krāslava
* Kremon: Krimulda
* Kreuzburg: Krustpils
* Kroppenhof: Krape
* Krothen: Krote
* Kruthen: Krūte
* Kuckern: Ukŗi
* Kuckucksberg (Riga): Dzegužkalns
* Kudum: Kūdums
* Kurische Aa (Riga) (river): Buļļupe
* Kurland (region): Kurzeme
* Kurländische Aa (river): Lielupe
* Kurmahlen: Kurmāle
* Kurmen: Kurmene
* Kursiten: Kursīši
* Kurzum: Kurcuma
* Kussen: Kusa
* Königshof: Ķoņi

L


* Ladenhof: Lade
* Laidsen: Laidze
* Lambertshof: Lambarte
* Landsen: Landze
* Landskron: Šķaune
* Lappier: Ozoļi
* Lasdohn: Lazdona
* Lassen: Laši
* Laubern: Laubere
* Laudohn: Ļaudona
* Lehmenen: Ungurmuiža
* Lemburg: Mālpils
* Lemsal: Limbaži
* Lennewarden: Lielvārde
* Lenzenhof: Lenči
* Lesten: Lestene
* Lettgallen (region): Latgale
* Lettin: Litene
* Libau: Liepāja
* Lieven-Bersen: Līvbērze
* Lievenhof: Līvani
* Ligat: Līgatne
* Lihkuppen: Veclikupeni
* Limenen: Ungurmuiža
* Linden: Liepkalne, Liepmuiza
* Lipna: Liepna
* Lippaiken: Lipaiķi
* Lipsthusen: Lībagi
* Livenhof: Līvāni
* Livland (region): Vidzeme
* Livländische Aa (river): Gauja
* Lixna: Līksna
* Loddiger: Lēdurga
* Lohdenhof: Lode
* Lubahn: Lubāna, Lubana
* Lub-Essern: Lubezere
* Lubey: Lubeja
* Ludsen: Ludza
* Luhde: Lugaži
* Luttringen: Lutriņi
* Lysohn: Lizums
* Lösern: Liezere

M


* Majorenhof: Majori
* "Malinowka": Naujene
* Malup: Malupe
* Marienburg: Alūksne
* Marienhausen: Viļaka
* Markgrafen: Mērsrags
* Martzen: Mārciena
* Marzenhof: Mārsnēņi
* Mattkuln: Matkule
* Medsen: Medze
* Mehrhof: Mēris
* Meiran: Meirāni
* Memelhof: Mēmele
* Meselau: Mēdzūla
* Mesohten: Mežotne
* Metzküll: Lode
* "Michalow": Mērdzene
* Misse: Misa
* Mitau: Jelgava
* Modohn: Madona
* Mojahn: Mujāni
* Moritzberg: More
* Muischazeem: Muižciems

N


* Nabben: Nabe
* Nauditen: Naudīte
* Naukschen: Naukšēni
* Nerft: Nereta
* Nersa: Nirza
* Neu-Autz: Jaunauce
* Neubad: Saulkrasti
* Neu-Bergfried: Jaunsvirlauka
* Neuenburg: Jaunpils
* Neuermühlen: Ādaži
* Neugut: Vecmuiža
* Neuhausen: Valtaiķi
* Neu-Laitzen: Jaunlaicene
* Neu-Lettgallen: Abrene, Jaunlatgale
* Neu-Likoppen: Jaunlikupeni
* Neu-Pebalg: Jaunpiebalga
* Neu-Platon: Platone
* Neu-Rahden: Jaunsaule
* Neu-Sackenhof: Jaunvāle
* Neu-Salis: Svētciems
* Neu-Schwanenburg: Jaungulbene
* Neu-Schwarden: Jaunzvarde
* Neu-Subbath: Jaunsubāte
* Neu-Wohlfahrt: Jercēni
* Niederbartau: Nīca
* Niekratzen: Nīkrāce
* Nigranden: Nīgranda
* Nitau: Nītaure
* Nogallen: Nogale
* Nord-Durben: Ziemeļ-Durbe
* Nordeck (Riga): Nordeķi
* Nurmhusen: Nurmuiža
* Nurmis: Vildoga

O


* Oberbartau: Bārta
* Odsen: Mētriena
* Ohger: Ogre
* Ohlenhof: Oļi
* Oknist: Aknīste
* Olai: Olaine
* Oppekaln: Apekalns
* Osolshof: Ozolaine
* Ossun: Asūne

P


* Pabbasch: Pabaži
* Paddern: Padure
* Palzmar: Palsmane
* Pankelhof: Penkule
* Pampeln: Pampaļi
* Papendorf: Rubene
* Patkul: Patkule
* Paulsgnade: Ozolniek
* Paulshafen: Pāvilosta
* Perkuhnenhof: Pērkone
* Pernigel: Liepupe
* Peterhof: Pēternieki
* Pfalzgrafen: Glūda
* Pilten: Piltene
* Pinkenhof: Piņķi
* Planetzen: Planica
* Planhof: Plāņi
* Poderaa (Riga): Podrags
* Ponemun: Panemune
* Popen: Pope
* Pormsahten: Purmsāti
* Posendorf: Pociems
* "Possinja": Pasiene
* Postenden: Pastende
* Praulen: Prauliena
* Prawingen: Praviņi
* Preekuln: Priekule
* Prely: Preiļi
* Prohden: Prode
* Puhren: Pūre
* Puikeln: Puikule
* Pussen: Puze
* Pustin: Pustiņa
* Pylda: Pilda
* "Pytalowo": Abrene

R


* Ramdan: Viskaļi
* Ramkau: Ranka
* Ranken: Ranķi
* Ranzen: Rencēni
* Rausenhof: Rauza
* Rautensee: Rauda
* Rawen: Rāva
* Remten: Remte
* Rengenhof: Zebrene
* Riga: Rīga
* Riga-Strand: Jūrmala
* Ringen (Saldus Region): Reņģe (now Ruba)
* Ringen (Jēkabpils Region): Rite
* Rodenpois: Ropaži
* Rollbusch : Baloži
* Ronneburg: Rauna, Rona
* Ronneburg-Neuhof: Jaunrauna
* Roop: Straupe
* Rosenau: Zilupe
* Rosenbeck: Rozula
* Rositten: Rēzekne
* Rubinen: Rubene
* Rudbahren: Rudbārži
* "Rudsaty": Rudzēti
* "Rugoi": Rugāji
* Ruhenthal: Rundāle
* Rujen: Rūjiena
* Rundany: Rundāni
* Ruschon: Ružina
* Ruthern: Dunte
* Rutzau: Rucava
* Römershof: Skrīveri
* Rönnen: Renda


* Sackenhausen: Saka, Sakaspils
* Sahten: Sāti
* Sahtingen: Sātini
* "Saktygal": Sakstagals
* Salenen: Saliena
* Salis (river): Salaca
* Salisburg: Mazsalaca, Valbergi
* Salismünde: Salacgrīva
* Sallensee: Saliena
* Sallgaln: Saigale
* Salwen: Zalve
* Samiten: Zemīte
* Sankt Katharinen: Katrinas
* Sankt Matthiae: Matīši
* Sankt Peters-Kapelle: Pēterupe
* Santen: Zante
* Sassmacken: Sasmaka (now Valdemārpils)
* Saucke: Sauka
* Saussen: Sausneja
* Scheden: Šķēde
* "Schkilbany": Šķilbeni
* Schlampen: Slampe
* Schleck: Zlēkas
* Schlok: Sloka
* Schlokenbeck: Milzkalne
* Schlottenhof: Slāte
* Schmarden: Smārde
* Schnepeln: Snēpele
* Schnickern: Snikere
* Schrunden: Skrunda
* Schujen: Skujene
* Schwanenburg: Gulbene
* Schwarden: Zvārde
* Schwarzhof: Zvārtava
* Schwitten: Svītene
* Schönberg: Skaistkalne
* Sedde: Seda
* Seemuppen: Ziemupe
* Segewold: Sigulda
* Sehlen: Sēļi
* Sehmen: Sēme
* Sehren: Sērene
* Selburg: Sēlpils
* Selgerben: Dzirciems
* Seltinghof: Zeltiņi
* Selsau: Dzelzava
* Semershof: Ziemeris
* Semgallen (region): Zemgale
* Senten: Zentene
* Sepkull: Pāle
* Serben: Dzerbene
* Serbigal: Aumeistere
* Sermus: Sērmūkši
* Sessau: Sesava
* Setzen: Sece
* Sessw
Cesvaine
* Sexaten: Sieksate
* Seyershof: Jeŗi
* Sieklen: Sīķele
* Sinohlen: Sinole
* Sissegal: Madliena
* Sirgen: Ziŗa
* Siuxt: Džūkste
* Skrudalina: Skrudaliene
* Smilten: Smiltene
* "Solujeny": Silajāņi
* Sonnaxt: Sunākste, Sanakste
* Spahren(hof): Spāre
* Stackeln: Strenči
* Staizel: Staicele
* "Staraja Sloboda": Vecslabada
* Stelpenhof: Stelpe
* Stenden: Stende
* Sternhof: Jaunburtnieki
* Stirnian: Stirniene
* Stockmannshof: Pļaviņas
* Stolben: Stalbe
* Stomersee: Stāmeriena
* Strasden: Strazde
* Strutteln: Strutele
* Sturhof: Stūri
* Subbath: Subate
* Suhrs: Zūras
* Sunzel: Suntaži
* Sussey: Susēja
* Swenten: Svente
* "Swirsdino": Zvirgsdene
* Süd-Durben: Dienvidus-Durbe

T


* Tadeiken: Tadaiki
* Taubenhof: Tuja
* Tauerkaln: Taurkalns
* Taurup: Taurupe
* Talkowa: Linava
* Talsen: Talsi
* Telsen: Tāši
* Terwete: Tērvete
* Tetelmünde: Tetele
* Thorensberg (Riga): Torņakalns
* Thomsdorf: Tome
* Tirsen: Tirza
* Tootzen: Toce
* Trentelberg: Gostiņi
* Treppenhof: Trapene
* Treyden: Turaida
* Trikaten: Trikāta
* Tuckum: Tukums
* Tummen: Tume
* Turlau: Turlava

U


* Ubbenorm: Umurga
* Ugahlen: Ugāle
* Ullmahlen: Ulmale
* Ulpisch: Stiene
* Uppegriwe: Upesgrīva
* Uschwalde: Izvalta
* Usmaiten: Usma
* Üxküll: Ikšķile

V


* Varkau: Vārkava
* Virginahlen: Vērgali

W


* Waddax: Vadakste
* Wahnen: Vāne, Vane
* Wahrenbrock: Vārnava
* Waidau: Vaidava
* Wainoden: Vainode
* Wainsel: Vainiži
* Walk: Valka
* Wallgahlen: Valgale
* Wallhof: Valle
* Wandsen: Vandzene
* Wangasch: Vangaži
* Warkland: Varakļāni
* Warwen: Vārve
* Weessen: Zasa
* Weißenhof (Riga): Baltāmuiža
* Wellan: Velena
* Welonen: Viļāni
* Wenden: Cēsis
* Werestmuische: Cibla
* Wesselshof: Veseleva
* Westerotten: Vesterots
* Widdrisch: Vidriži
* Wiezenhof: Vijciems
* Wilon: Viļeni
* Wilsenhof: Vilceni
* Wilzen: Vilce
* Windau: Ventspils
* Windau (river): Venta
* Wirben: Virbi
* Wirgen: Virga
* "Wirroniz": Vīrane
* Witterbeck: Vitrupe
* Wohlfahrt: Ēvele, Vecjerceni
* Wolgund: Valgunde
* Wolmar: Valmiera
* Wormen: Vārme
* Wrangelshof: Brenguļi
* Würzau: Vircava
* "Wyschgorodok": Augšpils
* "Wyschki": Višķi

Z


* Zabeln: Sabile
* Zahden: Code
* Zarnikau: Carnikava
* Zehren: Cēre
* Zelmeneeken: Celmenieki
* Zerrauxt: Ceraukste
* Ziepelhof: Sīpele
* Zirau: Cīrava
* Zirsten: Cirsti
* Zunds (Riga): Maza daugava
* Zögenhof: Sēja

Ü


* Üxküll: Ikšķile

References

*
*
*

External links

* [http://www.carstenwilms.online.de/ortsnamen_lettland.htm Latvian-German and German-Latvian exonyms]


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