ISO 639 macrolanguage


ISO 639 macrolanguage

ISO 639-3 is an international standard for language codes. In defining some of its language codes, some are defined as macrolanguages covering either significantly different dialects or a net of very closely related languages. There are 56 languages in ISO 639-2 which are considered to be macrolanguages in 639-3. [cite web | title = Scope of denotation for language identifiers | publisher = SIL International | url = http://www.sil.org/iso639-3/scope.asp#M]

Some of these macrolanguages had no individual language as defined by 639-3 in ISO 639-2, e.g. 'ara'. Others like 'nor' had their two individual parts (nno,nob) already in 639-2. That means some languages (e.g. 'arb') that were considered by ISO 639-2 to be dialects of one language ('ara') are now in ISO 639-3 in certain contexts considered to be individual languages themselves. This is an attempt to deal with varieties that may be linguistically distinct from each other, but are treated by their speakers as forms of the same language, e.g. in cases of diglossia. For example,
*Generic Arabic, 639-2 [cite web | title = Documentation for ISO 639 identifier: ara | publisher = SIL International | url = http://www.sil.org/iso639-3/documentation.asp?id=ara]
*Standard Arabic, 639-3 [cite web | title = Documentation for ISO 639 identifier: arb | publisher = SIL International | url = http://www.sil.org/iso639-3/documentation.asp?id=arb]

List of macrolanguages

aaa—ezz

aka

ISO639-3Documentation|code=aka is the ISO 639-3 language code for Akan. Its ISO 639-1 code is ak. There are 2 individual language codes assigned:
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=fatFanti
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=twiTwi

ara

ISO639-3Documentation|code=ara is the ISO 639-3 language code for Arabic language. Its ISO 639-1 code is ar. There are 30 individual language codes assigned.
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=aaoAlgerian Saharan Arabic
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=abhTajiki Arabic
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=abvBaharna Arabic
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=acmMesopotamian Arabic
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=acqTa'izzi-Adeni Arabic
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=acwHijazi Arabic
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=acxOmani Arabic
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=acyCypriot Arabic
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=adfDhofari Arabic
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=aebTunisian Arabic
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=aecSaidi Arabic
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=afbGulf Arabic
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=ajpSouth Levantine Arabic
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=apcNorth Levantine Arabic
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=apdSudanese Arabic
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=arbStandard Arabic
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=arqAlgerian Arabic
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=arsNajdi Arabic
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=aryMoroccan Arabic
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=arzEgyptian Arabic
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=auzUzbeki Arabic
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=avlEastern Egyptian Bedawi Arabic
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=ayhHadrami Arabic
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=aylLibyan Arabic
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=aynSanaani Arabic
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=aypNorth Mesopotamian Arabic
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=bbzBabalia Creole Arabic
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=pgaSudanese Creole Arabic
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=shuChadian Arabic
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=sshShihhi Arabic

aym

ISO639-3Documentation|code=aym is the ISO 639-3 language code for Aymara. Its ISO 639-1 code is ay. There are 2 individual language codes assigned:
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=ayrCentral Aymara
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=aycSouthern Aymara

aze

ISO639-3Documentation|code=aze is the ISO 639-3 language code for Azerbaijani. Its ISO 639-1 code is az. There are 2 individual language codes assigned:

#ISO639-3Documentation|code=azjNorth Azerbaijani
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=azbSouth Azerbaijani

bal

ISO639-3Documentation|code=bal is the ISO 639-3 language code for Baluchi. There are 3 individual language codes assigned:
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=bgpEastern Balochi
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=bccSouthern Balochi
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=bgnWestern Balochi

bik

ISO639-3Documentation|code=bik is the ISO 639-3 language code for Bikol. There are 5 individual language codes assigned:
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=bhkAlbay Bicolano
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=bclCentral Bicolano
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=btoIriga Bicolano
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=ctsNorthern Catanduanes Bicolano
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=blnSouthern Catanduanes Bicolano

bua

ISO639-3Documentation|code=bua is the ISO 639-3 language code for Buriat. There are 3 individual language codes assigned:
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=bxuChina Buriat
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=bxmMongolia Buriat
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=bxrRussia Buriat

chm

ISO639-3Documentation|code=chm is the ISO 639-3 language code for Mari, a language located in Russia. There are 2 individual language codes assigned:
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=mhrEastern Mari
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=mrjWestern Mari

cre

ISO639-3Documentation|code=cre is the ISO 639-3 language code for Cree. Its ISO 639-1 code is cr. There are 6 individual language codes assigned:
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=crmMoose Cree
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=crlNorthern East Cree
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=crkPlains Cree
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=crjSouthern East Cree
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=cswSwampy Cree
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=cwdWoods Cree

In addition, there are 6 closely associated individual codes.
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=nskNaskapi (part of the Cree language group but not included under the cre macrolanguage designation)
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=moe — Montagnais (part of the Cree language group but not included under the cre macrolanguage designation)
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=atjAtikamekw (part of the Cree language group but not included under the cre macrolanguage designation)
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=crgMichif language (Cree-French mixed language with strong influences from Ojibwe language group and not included under the cre macrolanguage designation)
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=ojsOjibwa, Severn (Ojibwa, Northern) (part of the Ojibwa language group with strong influences from the Cree language group and not included under the cre macrolanguage designation)
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=ojwOjibwa, Western (part of the Ojibwa language group with strong influences from the Cree language group and not included under the cre macrolanguage designation)

In addition, there is 1 other language without individual codes closely associated, but not part of, this macrolanguage code.

#Bungee language (mixed language of Cree, Ojibwa, French, English, Assiniboine and Scottish Gaelic)

del

ISO639-3Documentation|code=del is the ISO 639-3 language code for Delaware. There are 2 individual language codes assigned:
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=umuMunsee
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=unmUnami

den

ISO639-3Documentation|code=den is the ISO 639-3 language code for Slave. There are 2 individual language codes assigned:
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=scsNorth Slavey
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=xslSouth Slavey

din

ISO639-3Documentation|code=din is the ISO 639-3 language code for Dinka. There are 5 individual language codes assigned:
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=dip - Northeastern Dinka
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=diw - Northwestern Dinka
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=dib - South Central Dinka
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=dks - Southeastern Dinka
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=dik - Southwestern Dinka

doi

ISO639-3Documentation|code=doi is the ISO 639-3 language code for Dogri. There are 2 individual language codes assigned:
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=dgoDogri (individual language)
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=xnrKangri

faa—jzz

fas

ISO639-3Documentation|code=fas is the ISO 639-3 language code for Persian. Its ISO 639-1 code is fa. There are 2 individual language codes assigned:
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=prsDari Persian
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=pesWestern Persian

ful

ISO639-3Documentation|code=ful is the ISO 639-2 and ISO 639-3 language code for Fulah (also spelled Fula). Its ISO 639-1 code is ff. There are 9 individual language codes assigned for varieties of Fulah:
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=fubAdamawa Fulfulde
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=fuiBagirmi Fulfulde
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=fueBorgu Fulfulde
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=fuqCentral-Eastern Niger Fulfulde
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=ffmMaasina Fulfulde
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=fuvNigerian Fulfulde
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=fucPulaar
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=fufPular
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=fuhWestern Niger Fulfulde

gba

ISO639-3Documentation|code=gba is the ISO 639-3 language code for Gbaya located in the Central African Republic. There are 5 individual language codes assigned:
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=bdtBokoto
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=gbpGbaya-Bossangoa
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=gbqGbaya-Bozoum
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=gyaNorthwest Gbaya
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=mdoSouthwest Gbaya

gon

ISO639-3Documentation|code=gon is the ISO 639-3 language code for Gondi. There are 2 individual language codes assigned:
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=gnoNorthern Gondi
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=ggoSouthern Gondi

grb

ISO639-3Documentation|code=grb is the ISO 639-3 language code for Grebo. There are 5 individual language codes assigned:
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=gryBarclayville Grebo
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=grvCentral Grebo
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=gecGboloo Grebo
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=gboNorthern Grebo
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=grjSouthern Grebo

grn

ISO639-3Documentation|code=grn is the ISO 639-3 language code for Guarani. Its ISO 639-1 code is gn. There are 5 individual language codes assigned:
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=nhdChiripá
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=guiEastern Bolivian Guaraní
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=gunMbyá Guaraní
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=gugParaguayan Guaraní
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=gnwWestern Bolivian Guaraní

hai

ISO639-3Documentation|code=hai is the ISO 639-3 language code for Haida. There are 2 individual language codes assigned:
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=hdnNorthern Haida
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=haxSouthern Haida

hbs

ISO639-3Documentation|code=hbs is the ISO 639-3 language code for Serbo-Croatian. Its ISO 639-1 code is sh. There are 3 individual language codes assigned:
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=bosBosnian
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=hrvCroatian
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=srpSerbian

hmn

ISO639-3Documentation|code=hmn is the ISO 639-3 language code for Hmong. As of Feb. 2007, 24 individual language codes are included:
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=hmcCentral Huishui Hmong
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=hmmCentral Mashan Hmong
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=cqdChuanqiandian Cluster Miao
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=hmeEastern Huishui Hmong
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=hmqEastern Qiandong Hmong
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=muqEastern Xiangxi Hmong
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=hmjGe
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=mwwHmong Daw
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=hnjHmong Njua
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=hrmHorned Miao
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=hmdLarge Flowery Miao
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=hmlLuopohe Hmong
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=hujNorthern Guiyang Hmong
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=hmiNorthern Huishui Hmong
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=hmpNorthern Mashan Hmong
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=heaNorthern Qiandong Miao
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=sfmSmall Flowery Miao
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=hmySouthern Guiyang Hmong
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=hmaSouthern Mashan Hmong
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=hmsSouthern Qiandong Miao
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=hmgSouthwestern Guiyang Hmong
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=hmhSouthwestern Huishui Hmong
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=hmwWestern Mashan Hmong
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=mmrWestern Xiangxi Miao

iku

ISO639-3Documentation|code=iku is the ISO 639-3 language code for Inuktitut. Its ISO 639-1 code is iu. There are 2 individual language codes assigned:
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=ikeEastern Canadian Inuktitut
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=iktWestern Canadian Inuktitut

ipk

ISO639-3Documentation|code=ipk is the ISO 639-3 language code for Inupiaq. Its ISO 639-1 code is ik. There are 2 individual language codes assigned:
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=esiNorth Alaskan Inupiatun
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=eskNorthwest Alaska Inupiatun

jrb

ISO639-3Documentation|code=jrb is the ISO 639-3 language code for Judeo-Arabic. There are 5 individual language codes assigned:
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=yhdJudeo-Iraqi Arabic
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=ajuJudeo-Moroccan Arabic
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=yudJudeo-Tripolitanian Arabic
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=ajtJudeo-Tunisian Arabic
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=jyeJudeo-Yemeni Arabic

kaa—ozz

kau

ISO639-3Documentation|code=kau is the ISO 639-2 and ISO 639-3 language code for the Kanuri language. Its ISO 639-1 code is kr. There are 3 individual language codes assigned in ISO 639-3 for varieties of Kanuri:
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=kncCentral Kanuri
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=kbyManga Kanuri
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=krtTumari Kanuri

There are 2 other related languages that are not considered part of the macrolanguage under ISO 639:
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=bmsBilma Kanuri
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=kblKanembu

kln

ISO639-3Documentation|code=kln is the ISO 639-3 language code for Kalenjin language. With effective from January 14, 2008, there are 9 individual language codes assigned:
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=eyo — Keiyo
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=sgcKipsigis
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=enb — Markweeta
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=niq — Nandi
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=oki — Okiek
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=pkoPökoot
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=spy — Sabaot
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=tec — Terik
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=tuyTugen

kok

ISO639-3Documentation|code=kok is the ISO 639-3 language code for Konkani macrolanguage. There are 2 individual language codes assigned.
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=gomGoan Konkani (has official recognition as an independent language)
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=knn — Konkani language (no official recognition, treated by some linguists as a dialect of Marathi)

Both languages are referred to as Konkani by their respective speakers.

kom

ISO639-3Documentation|code=kom is the ISO 639-3 language code for Komi. Its ISO 639-1 code is kv. There are 2 individual language codes assigned:
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=koiKomi-Permyak
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=kpv — Komi-Zyrian

kon

ISO639-3Documentation|code=kon is the ISO 639-3 language code for Kongo. Its ISO 639-1 code is kg. There are 3 individual language codes assigned:
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=kngKoongo
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=ldiLaari
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=kwySan Salvador Kongo

kpe

ISO639-3Documentation|code=kpe is the ISO 639-3 language code for Kpelle language. There are 2 individual language codes assigned.
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=gkpGuinea Kpelle
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=xpeLiberia Kpelle

kur

ISO639-3Documentation|code=kur is the ISO 639-3 language code for Kurdish. Its ISO 639-1 code is ku. There are 3 individual language codes assigned:
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=ckbCentral Kurdish
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=kmrNorthern Kurdish
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=sdhSouthern Kurdish

lah

ISO639-3Documentation|code=lah is the ISO 639-3 language code for Lahnda language. There are 8 individual language codes assigned.
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=jatJakati
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=xheKhetrani
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=pmuMirpur Panjabi
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=hnoNorthern Hindko
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=phrPahari-Potwari
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=skrSeraiki
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=hndSouthern Hindko
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=pnbWestern Panjabi

luy

ISO639-3Documentation|code=luy is the ISO 639-3 language code for Luyia language. With effective from January 14, 2008, there are 14 individual language codes assigned:
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=bxkBukusu
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=nle — East Nyala
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=ida — Idakho (Idakho-Isukha-Tiriki)
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=lkb — Kabras
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=lko — Khayo
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=lks — Kisa
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=rag — Logooli
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=lri — Marachi
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=lrm — Marama
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=nyd — Nyore
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=lsm — Saamia
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=lts — Tachoni
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=lto — Tsotso
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=lwg — Wanga

man

ISO639-3Documentation|code=man is the ISO 639-3 language code for Mandingo language. There are 7 individual language codes assigned.
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=emkEastern Maninkakan
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=myqForest Maninka
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=mwkKita Maninkakan
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=mkuKonyanka Maninka
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=mnkMandinka
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=mscSankaran Maninka
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=mlqWestern Maninkakan

mlg

ISO639-3Documentation|code=mlg is the ISO 639-3 language code for Malagasy. Its ISO 639-1 code is mg. There are 10 individual language codes assigned:
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=xmvAntankarana Malagasy
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=bhrBara Malagasy
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=mshMasikoro Malagasy
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=bmmNorthern Betsimisaraka Malagasy
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=pltPlateau Malagasy
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=skgSakalava Malagasy
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=bjqSouthern Betsimisaraka Malagasy
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=tdxTandroy-Mahafaly Malagasy
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=txyTanosy Malagasy
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=xmwTsimihety Malagasy

mon

ISO639-3Documentation|code=mon is the ISO 639-3 language code for Mongolian. Its ISO 639-1 code is mn. There are 2 individual language codes assigned:
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=khkHalh Mongolian
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=mvfPeripheral Mongolian

msa

ISO639-3Documentation|code=msa is the ISO 639-3 language code for Malay. Its ISO 639-1 code is ms. There are 13 individual language codes assigned:
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=btjBacanese Malay
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=bveBerau Malay
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=bvuBukit Malay
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=coaCocos Islands Malay
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=jaxJambi Malay
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=meoKedah Malay
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=mqgKota Bangun Kutai Malay
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=mlyMalay (specific)
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=xmmManado Malay
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=maxNorth Moluccan Malay
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=mfaPattani Malay
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=msiSabah Malay
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=vktTenggarong Kutai Malay

mwr

ISO639-3Documentation|code=mwr is the ISO 639-3 language code for Marwari language. There are 6 individual language codes assigned.
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=dhdDhundari
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=rwrMarwari (India)
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=mveMarwari (Pakistan)
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=wryMerwari
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=mtrMewari
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=swvShekhawati

nor

ISO639-3Documentation|code=nor is the ISO 639-3 language code for Norwegian. Its ISO 639-1 code is no. There are 2 individual language codes assigned:
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=nobNorwegian Bokmål
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=nnoNorwegian Nynorsk

oji

ISO639-3Documentation|code=oji is the ISO 639-3 language code for the Anishinaabe languages, commonly called the Ojibwe language group. Its ISO 639-1 code is oj. There are 7 individual language codes assigned:
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=ciwChippewa (Ojibwa, Southwestern)
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=ojbOjibwa, Northwestern
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=ojcOjibwa, Central
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=ojgOjibwa, Mississaga (Ojibwa, Eastern)
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=ojs — Ojibwa, Severn (Ojibwa, Northern)
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=ojwOjibwa, Western
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=otwOttawa

In addition, there are 3 closely associated individual codes.
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=alqAlgonquin language (part of the Ojibwe language group but not included under the oji macrolanguage designation)
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=potPotawatomi language (formerly part of the Ojibwe language group and not included under the oji macrolanguage designation)
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=crgMichif language (Cree-French mixed language with strong influences from Ojibwe language group and not included under the oji macrolanguage designation)

In addition, there are 2 other languages without individual codes closely associated, but not part of, this macrolanguage code.
#Broken Ojibwa (pidgin language used until the end of the 19th century)
#Bungee language (mixed language of Cree, Ojibwa, French, English, Assiniboine and Scottish Gaelic)

ee also

*Anishinaabe language dialects

orm

ISO639-3Documentation|code=orm is the ISO 639-3 language code for Oromo language. Its ISO 639-1 code is om. There are 4 individual language codes assigned:
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=gaxBorana-Arsi-Guji Oromo
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=haeEastern Oromo
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=orcOrma
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=gazWest Central Oromo

paa—zzz

pus

ISO639-3Documentation|code=pus is the ISO 639-3 language code for Pushto language. Its ISO 639-1 code is ps. There are 3 individual language codes assigned.
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=pstCentral Pashto
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=pbuNorthern Pashto
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=pbtSouthern Pashto

que

ISO639-3Documentation|code=que is the ISO 639-3 language code for Quechua. Its ISO 639-1 code is qu. As of April 2007 there are 44 individual language codes assigned for Quechua varieties.

#ISO639-3Documentation|code=qvaAmbo-Pasco Quechua
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=qxuArequipa-La Unión Quechua
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=quyAyacucho Quechua
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=qvcCajamarca Quechua
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=qvlCajatambo North Lima Quechua
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=qudCalderón Highland Quichua
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=qxrCañar Highland Quichua
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=qukChachapoyas Quechua
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=cquChilean Quechua
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=qugChimborazo Highland Quichua
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=qxcChincha Quechua
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=qxaChiquián Ancash Quechua
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=qwcClassical Quechua
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=qwaCorongo Ancash Quechua
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=quzCusco Quechua
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=qveEastern Apurímac Quechua
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=qubHuallaga Huánuco Quechua
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=qvhHuamalíes-Dos de Mayo Huánuco Quechua
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=qwhHuaylas Ancash Quechua
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=qvwHuaylla Wanca Quechua
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=qviImbabura Highland Quichua
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=qxwJauja Wanca Quechua
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=qufLambayeque Quechua
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=qvjLoja Highland Quichua
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=qvmMargos-Yarowilca-Lauricocha Quechua
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=qvoNapo Lowland Quechua
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=qulNorth Bolivian Quechua
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=qvnNorth Junín Quechua
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=qxnNorthern Conchucos Ancash Quechua
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=qvzNorthern Pastaza Quichua
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=qvpPacaraos Quechua
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=qxhPanao Huánuco Quechua
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=qxpPuno Quechua
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=qxlSalasaca Highland Quichua
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=qvsSan Martín Quechua
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=qxtSanta Ana de Tusi Pasco Quechua
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=qusSantiago del Estero Quichua
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=qwsSihuas Ancash Quechua
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=quhSouth Bolivian Quechua
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=qxoSouthern Conchucos Ancash Quechua
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=qupSouthern Pastaza Quechua
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=quwTena Lowland Quichua
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=qurYanahuanca Pasco Quechua
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=quxYauyos Quechua

raj

ISO639-3Documentation|code=raj is the ISO 639-3 language code for Rajasthani language. There are 6 individual language codes assigned.
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=bgqBagri
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=gdaGade Lohar
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=gjuGujari
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=hojHadothi
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=mupMalvi
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=wbrWagdi

rom

ISO639-3Documentation|code=rom is the ISO 639-3 language code for Romany language. There are 7 individual language codes assigned.

#ISO639-3Documentation|code=rmnBalkan Romani
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=rmlBaltic Romani
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=rmcCarpathian Romani
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=rmfKalo Finnish Romani
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=rmoSinte Romani
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=rmyVlax Romani
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=rmwWelsh Romani

qi

ISO639-3Documentation|code=sqi is the ISO 639-3 language code for Albanian. Its ISO 639-1 code is sq. As of June 2006 there are 4 individual language codes assigned for Albanian languages:
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=aaeArbëreshë Albanian
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=aatArvanitika Albanian
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=alnGheg Albanian
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=alsTosk Albanian

rd

ISO639-3Documentation|code=srd is the ISO 639-3 language code for Sardinian language. Its ISO 639-1 code is sc. There are 4 individual language codes assigned.
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=sroCampidanese
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=sdnGallurese
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=srcLogudorese
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=sdcSassarese

wa

ISO639-3Documentation|code=swa is the ISO 639-3 language code for Swahili. Its ISO 639-1 code is sw. There are 2 individual language codes assigned:
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=swcCongo Swahili
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=swhSwahili

yr

ISO639-3Documentation|code=syr is the ISO 639-3 language code for Syriac language. There are 2 individual language codes assigned.
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=aiiAssyrian Neo-Aramaic
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=cldChaldean Neo-Aramaic

tmh

ISO639-3Documentation|code=tmh is the ISO 639-3 language code for Tamashek language. There are 4 individual language codes assigned.
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=thvTahaggart Tamahaq
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=taqTamasheq
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=ttqTawallammat Tamajaq
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=thzTayart Tamajeq

uzb

ISO639-3Documentation|code=uzb is the ISO 639-3 language code for Uzbek language. Its ISO 639-1 code is uz. There are 2 individual language codes assigned.
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=uznNorthern Uzbek language
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=uzsSouthern Uzbek language

yid

ISO639-3Documentation|code=yid is the ISO 639-3 language code for Yiddish language. Its ISO 639-1 code is yi. There are 2 individual language codes assigned.
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=yddEastern Yiddish
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=yihWestern Yiddish

zap

ISO639-3Documentation|code=zap is the ISO 639-3 language code for Zapotec language. There are 57 individual language codes assigned.

#ISO639-3Documentation|code=zaqAloápam Zapotec
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=zpoAmatlán Zapotec
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=zooAsunción Mixtepec Zapotec
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=zafAyoquesco Zapotec
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=zadCajonos Zapotec
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=zpvChichicapan Zapotec
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=zpcChoapan Zapotec
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=zcaCoatecas Altas Zapotec
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=zpsCoatlán Zapotec
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=zppEl Alto Zapotec
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=zteElotepec Zapotec
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=zpgGuevea De Humboldt Zapotec
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=ztuGüilá Zapotec
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=zaiIsthmus Zapotec
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=zpaLachiguiri Zapotec
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=zplLachixío Zapotec
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=ztlLapaguía-Guivini Zapotec
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=ztpLoxicha Zapotec
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=zpyMazaltepec Zapotec
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=zamMiahuatlán Zapotec
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=zawMitla Zapotec
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=zpmMixtepec Zapotec
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=zacOcotlán Zapotec
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=zaoOzolotepec Zapotec
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=zpePetapa Zapotec
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=zpjQuiavicuzas Zapotec
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=ztqQuioquitani-Quierí Zapotec
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=zarRincón Zapotec
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=ztmSan Agustín Mixtepec Zapotec
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=zpxSan Baltazar Loxicha Zapotec
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=zabSan Juan Guelavía Zapotec
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=zpfSan Pedro Quiatoni Zapotec
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=zptSan Vicente Coatlán Zapotec
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=ztnSanta Catarina Albarradas Zapotec
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=zpnSanta Inés Yatzechi Zapotec
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=zpiSanta María Quiegolani Zapotec
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=zprSantiago Xanica Zapotec
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=zasSanto Domingo Albarradas Zapotec
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=zaaSierra de Juárez Zapotec
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=zpdSoutheastern Ixtlán Zapotec
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=zsrSouthern Rincon Zapotec
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=zatTabaa Zapotec
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=zttTejalapan Zapotec
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=zpzTexmelucan Zapotec
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=ztsTilquiapan Zapotec
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=zpkTlacolulita Zapotec
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=zphTotomachapan Zapotec
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=zaxXadani Zapotec
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=ztgXanaguía Zapotec
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=zpuYalálag Zapotec
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=zaeYareni Zapotec
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=ztyYatee Zapotec
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=zavYatzachi Zapotec
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=zpbYautepec Zapotec
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=ztxZaachila Zapotec
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=zpwZaniza Zapotec
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=zpqZoogocho Zapotec

zha

ISO639-3Documentation|code=zha is the ISO 639-3 language code for Zhuang language. Its ISO 639-1 code is za. There are 16 individual language codes assigned.
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=zchCentral Hongshuihe Zhuang
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=zhdDai Zhuang
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=zehEastern Hongshuihe Zhuang
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=zgbGuibei Zhuang
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=zgnGuibian Zhuang
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=zlnLianshan Zhuang
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=zljLiujiang Zhuang
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=zlqLiuqian Zhuang
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=zgmMinz Zhuang
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=zhnNong Zhuang
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=zqeQiubei Zhuang
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=zygYang Zhuang
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=zybYongbei Zhuang
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=zynYongnan Zhuang
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=zyjYoujiang Zhuang
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=zzjZuojiang Zhuang

zho

ISO639-3Documentation|code=zho is the ISO 639-3 language code for Chinese. Its ISO 639-1 code is zh. There are 13 individual language codes assigned, some with their own dialects:

#ISO639-3Documentation|code=cdoMin Dong
#*(standardized form: Fuzhou dialect)
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=cjyJin
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=cmnMandarin
#*Standard Mandarin
#*Beijing dialect
#*Taiwanese Mandarin
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=cpxPuxian Min
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=czhHuizhou
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=czoMin Zhong
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=ganGan
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=hakHakka
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=hsnXiang
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=mnpMin Bei
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=nanMin Nan
#*Hokkien
#**Amoy
#***Quanzhou
#***Zhangzhou
#***Taiwanese
#***Penang Hokkien
#***Medan Hokkien
#*Chaoshan
#**Teochew
#**Swatow
#*Qiongwen
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=wuuWu
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=yue — Yue (Cantonese)
#*Guangzhou dialect
#*Taishan dialect

Although the Dungan language (ISO639-3Documentation|code=dng) is considered most closely related to Mandarin, it is not listed under Chinese in ISO 639-3 due to separate historical and cultural development (see diasystem). [cite journal | last = Rimsky-Korsakoff | first = Svetlana | date = 1967 | title = Soviet Dungan: The Chinese language of Central Asia. Alphabet, phonology, morphology. | journal = Monumenta Serica | volume = 26 | pages = 352-421]

ISO 639 also lists codes for Old Chinese (ISO639-3Documentation|code=och) and Late Middle Chinese (ISO639-3Documentation|code=ltc). They are not listed under Chinese in ISO 639-3 because they are categorized as ancient and historical languages, respectively.

See also

*Identification of the varieties of Chinese
*List of Chinese dialects
*Spoken Chinese

zza

ISO639-3Documentation|code=zza is the ISO 639-3 language code for Zaza language. There are 2 individual language codes assigned.
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=diqDimli
#ISO639-3Documentation|code=kiuKirmanjki

References

External links

* [http://www.sil.org/iso639-3/macrolanguages.asp ISO 639-3 Macrolanguage Mappings]


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