Emancipation


Emancipation

Emancipation is a term used to describe various efforts to obtain political rights or equality, often for a specifically disenfranchised group, or more generally in discussion of such matters.

Among others, Karl Marx discussed political emancipation in his 1844 essay "On the Jewish Question", although often in addition to (or in contrast with) the term "human emancipation". Marx's views of political emancipation in this work were summarized by one writer as entailing "equal status of individual citizens in relation to the state, equality before the law, regardless of religion, property, or other “private” characteristics of individual persons." [ [http://faculty.maxwell.syr.edu/merupert/political_and_human_emancipation.htm Notes on Political and Human Emancipation] , Mark Rupert, Syracuse University.]

"Political emancipation" as a phrase is less common in modern usage, especially outside academic, foreign or activist contexts. However, similar concepts may be referred to by other terms. For instance, in the United States the civil rights movement culminating in the Voting Rights Act of 1965, can be seen as further realization of events such as the Emancipation Proclamation and abolition of slavery a century earlier.

ee also

* Freedom (political)
* Emancipation of women, including the women's suffrage movement
* Catholic emancipation
* Jewish emancipation
* Emancipation of minors, where a minor becomes an adult in practice, usually by receiving a declaration of liberation from a court expressly for this purpose
* Youth rights
* Dunmore's Proclamation, a British promise during the American Revolutionary War to free slaves who joined the British forces
* Abolitionism (abolition of slavery), a political movement that sought to end the practice of slavery and the worldwide slave trade
* Emancipation Proclamation, a declaration by United States President Abraham Lincoln announcing that all slaves in Confederate territory still in rebellion were freed
* Manumission, the freedom of a slave by the owner voluntarily
* Emancipation reform of 1861 in Russia, the liquidation of serf dependence of Russian peasants by Alexander II of Russia
* Emancipist was a term used for former transported convicts in the Australian penal colonies given conditional or absolute pardon
* Self-determination
* Revolution (disambiguation)
* Liberation (disambiguation)

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • ÉMANCIPATION — En droit civil, l’émancipation est une cessation anticipée de l’autorité parentale, cessation qui comporte l’octroi à l’enfant d’une presque totale capacité. Dans l’ancien droit coexistaient l’émancipation romaine en pays de droit écrit, et la… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • emancipation — eman·ci·pa·tion /i ˌman sə pā shən/ n: the act or process of emancipating Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996. emancipation …   Law dictionary

  • Emancipation — Émancipation Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Émancipation (droit) : acte par lequel un mineur devient capable juridiquement avant l âge de la majorité. Emancipation des… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Emancipation —     Ecclesiastical Emancipation     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Ecclesiastical Emancipation     In ancient Rome emancipation was a process of law by which a slave released from the control of his master, or a son liberated from the authority of his …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Emancipation — E*man ci*pa tion, n. [L. emancipatio: cf. F. [ e]mancipation.] The act of setting free from the power of another, from slavery, subjection, dependence, or controlling influence; also, the state of being thus set free; the act or process of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Emancipation — Emancipation, Entlassung oder Losgebung einer Person oder Sache aus der ihr bis dahin übergeordneten Gewalt; wodurch sich Jemand zugleich des Eigenthums oder Herrscherrechtes über dieselbe begab. Wenn bei den Römern ein Kind aus der väterlichen,… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • émancipation — ÉMANCIPATION. s. f. Acte juridique, par lequel on est emancipé. Lettres d émancipation, ou de bénéfice d âge …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • emancipation — 1630s, a setting free, from Fr. émancipation, from L. emancipationem (nom. emancipatio), noun of action from pp. stem of emancipare (see EMANCIPATE (Cf. emancipate)). Specifically with reference to U.S. slavery from 1785. In Britain, with… …   Etymology dictionary

  • emancipation — Emancipation. s. f. v. Affranchissement de la puissance du pere, ou du tuteur. Lettres d emancipation ou de benefice d âge …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Emancipation — Emancipation, 1) (Emancipatio), bei den Römern gerichtlicher, der förmlichen Veräußerung des Eigenthumsrechts über eine Sache nachgebildeter Act, welcher angewendet wurde, wenn ein Kind der väterlichen Gewalt entlassen u. sein eigner Herr (sui… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon


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