infobox UK place
country = England
population = 4530
region= Yorkshire and the Humber
constituency_westminster= Vale of York
constituency_westminster1= Will move to Richmond by 2010).
postcode_district = DL8
static_image_caption=The centre of Bedale with St. Gregory‘s church in the background.
Bedale is a small
market townand civil parishin the district of Hambleton, North Yorkshire, England, at the foot of Wensleydalein the Yorkshire Dalesand is popular with tourists all year around but especially so in the summer months. It was originally in Richmondshireand listed in the Domesday Book as part of Catterick wapentake, which was split and Bedale became part of Hang (so named because of the many gallowsused to execute captured Scots), then split again into East Hang.
Bedale St. Gregory is the
parishchurch in the Church of Englandin the rural deanery of Wensleywithin the Diocese of Ripon and Leeds. The current incumbent of the church is Reverend David Paton-Williams. This Gothic church retains some Catholic relics, although invading Puritans during the Civil War had vandalised a few such features. It also contains a stone Viking-era grave marker, notable for a rare depiction of the legend of Wayland Smith. There is a plaque of the previous landlords of Bedale, featuring coats of arms of these people or their families: Fitzalan, Stapleton, Grey of Rotherfield (related to Lady Jane Grey), Sheffield, de Warrene ( Earl of Surrey), Brian de Thornhill, Lawrence de Thornhill, Richard, 1st Earl of Cornwall, Henry, 3rd Earl of Lancaster, Fitz Hugh of Tanfield, John of Brittany, Earl of Richmond, Marmion, Arthur III, Duke of Brittanyand Ascough. When Scots raided the countryside, inhabitants expected to find security in the pele towerof St. Gregory's.
Lord Beaumont and baronet relatives to the
Marquess of Waterfordare joint lords of the manor in town, which has Georgian architecture. Existing historic buildings include an eighteenth century apothecary's store for leeches, an underground ice house used for preserving food, and the fourteenth century market cross. Bedale is home to a small museum, numerous Georgian buildings, and a station on the Wensleydale Railway, which runs to Redmirevia Leyburn. The Thorp Perrow Arboretumlies nearby, as do the villages of Burneston, Burrill, Cowling, Exelbyand Firby. The town is host to a plethora of local shops, pubs, and eateries all along its high street. It still holds a market every Tuesday on the cobbles that line the market place. It also has a leisure centre with full gym swimming pool, astro turf sports pitches. Bedale Athletic Sports Association club provides excellent football, cricket, hockey, squash and tennis. Bedale Golf Club is one of the finest golf courses in the local area and for the kids Big Sheep Little Cow Farm, and the Wensleydale railway are a firm favourite.
This is the site of the
castlebuilt in the reign of King Edward I of Englandby Sir Bryan FitzAlan, Lord of the Manorof Bedale and later Baron FitzAlan. After contributing to the defeat of Llywelyn the Last, FitzAlan succeeded the Earl of Surrey as Guardian and Keeper of Scotlandfor Edward I of Englandand fought at the Battle of Falkirk (1298)and the siege of Carlaverock in July 1300. Fitz Alan was involved in a fight with William Wallacethat led to the death of a comrade-in-arms [http://www.lenymede.demon.co.uk/history/william_wallace.htm] and held the castles of Dundeeand Forfar, as well as those in the Scottish Lowlands: Roxburgh Castleand Jedburgh. This baron also built Killerby Castle and Askham Bryanin Yorkshire.
jure uxoris, Sir Gilbert de Stapleton of Carleton, Knt., was a conspirator in the assassination of Piers Gaveston. Sir Miles Stapletonwas a founding Knight of the Order of the Garter, who fought at the Siege of Calaisand at the Battle of Crécy. The Stapletons were "Lollard knights" and were Lords of the Manor of Bedale for generations.
Bedale had traditionally been a
Lancastrianarea, until the Kingmaker, Clarence and Gloucester obtained Richmond and Middleham Castles. After the Battle of Bosworth Field, Francis Lovell, 1st Viscount Lovellled the charge of insurgency in the YorkistLovell-Stafford rebellion against Henry VII of England, attainted Earl of Richmond. The inhabitants of the region went on several recusancystrikes, such as the Pilgrimage of Graceand made trouble for John Nevill, 3rd Baron Latymer ( Catherine Parr's husband before Henry VIII) in Snape Castle. This continued in the Rising of the North, with Henry VII's follower Simon Digbyof Aiskewexecuted and replaced by Ambrose Dudley, 3rd Earl of Warwick. Political climate changed during the English Civil War, when the local sentiment was Cavalierand Middleham was once again a fortress of political entrenchment.
Lords of the Manor
*Sir Alan FitzBrian, Knt.,
Lord of the Manorof Bedale, &c., (died shortly before May 17, 1267, killed in self-defence by Payn le Keu of Brandesburton), was a descendant of Conan I of Rennes, Duke of Brittany. [ Cockayne, G. E., edited by the Hon. Vicary Gibbs & H. A., Doubleday, "The Complete Peerage", London, 1926, vol.v, p.393.] [ Burke, John, "History of The Commoners of Great Britain and Ireland", London, 1835, vol. II, p.583n, says "descended from Alan, Duke of Richmond and Brittany".] He had two known sons, the younger being Theobald FitzAlan of Stow and Quy (d. February 21, 1308), and was succeeded at Bedale by the eldest:
*Sir Brian FitzAlan Knt., (d.
June 1, 1306), J.P., High Sheriff of Yorkshire, &c. [ "Dictionary of National Biography", Oxford, 1904.] He was summoned to parliament from June 24, 1295to January 22, 1305by Writs directed to "Briano filio Alani" whereby he is held to have become Lord FitzAlan. Upon his death any hereditary peerage created by the Writ of 1295 is held to be in "abeyance". [ Cockayne "et all" (1926) vol.v., p.398]
His daughters Agnes (b. 1298) and Katherine (b. 1300) were his co-heirs in his landed estates and manors. They were also co-heirs to his brother, Theobald. [ Cockayne, "et al" (1926) vol.v., p.395] Katherine (d. before
August 7, 1328) married Sir John de Grey, 1st Baron Greyof Rotherfield, K.G. ( October 9, 1300- September 1, 1359).
The estate of Bedale and the
Lord of the Manorpassed via the eldest daughter: Agnes FitzAlan, whose marriage was granted on May 10, 1306(when she was aged just 8) to Sir Miles de Stapleton of Carlton, Yorkshirefor his son:
*Sir Gilbert de Stapleton, Knt., (d. before
June 23, 1324) a younger son, whom she married before December 15, 1317, [ Burke's "Commoners" (1835) p.208] in whose family Bedale remained for over a century, and was still in the possession of their great-great-grandson,
Miles Stapletonwho died September 30, 1466. [ Cockayne "et all" (1926) vol. v., p.397] His younger brother Brian Stapleton of Crispings (in Happisburgh) and Hasilden, Norfolkdied about the same time and they both left only co-heiresses. [ Richardson, Douglas, "Plantagenet Ancestry", Baltimore, Md., 2004, pps:57/8 and 608.] the destination of the Lordship of Bedale Manor is from this point unclear.
Bedale Golf Club
Bedale Golf Club is located near the town, and only a few minutes drive from the ancient towns of
Northallertonand Richmond. The current golf course is set on a parkland landscape which benefits from a wealth of mature trees. The club was founded in 1894 and has been located at Bedale Park, and at Firby Road, but since 1967 has been located at the current site on Leyburn Road.
From the competition markers Bedale Golf Club is a testing 18 hole, 6610 yard, par 72, SSS. 72 golf course. Its reputation continues to grow as new features are introduced and it has now become a regular venue for many prestigious regional competitions.
In the September 2007 edition of
Golf Monthlymagazine Bedale Golf Course was proclaimed one of the 6 best courses in Yorkshire.
* [http://www.visit-bedale.com Official Bedale Website - operated by Bedale Tourist Information Centre]
* [http://www.herriotcountry.com/town-bedale Accommodation, places to eat and days out in Bedale]
* [http://www.bedale.org.uk/ Bedale information site]
* [http://archive.thenorthernecho.co.uk/2001/7/6/166437.html Bedale in the Northern Echo]
* [http://www.off2town.com/BedaleMap/Bedale12Feb.html Map of businesses in Bedale]
* [http://www.bedalegolfclub.com Bedale Golf Club]
* [http://www.hull.ac.uk/cgi-bin/sqcgi/backward?host=archie&textbase=Humad2&document=8&chapter=2 History of the Stapletons]
* [http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/History/Barons/Extinct1Barons.html Line of the Lords Fitzalan]
* [http://getdown.org.uk/bus/search/bedale.shtml Bus services in Bedale]
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