- Piazza della Loggia bombing
The Piazza della Loggia bombing was a bombing that took place on the morning of
May 28, 1974, in Brescia, Italyduring a anti-fascist protest which killed 8 people and wounded over 90. The bomb was placed inside a rubbish bin.
The first judicial investigation led to the condemnation in 1979 of a member of the Brescian
far-rightmovement. However, this first sentence was cancelled in 1983 and the suspect absolved in 1985 by the Corte di Cassazione. A second investigation led to the accusation of another far-right activist, who was thereafter absolved in 1989 because of insufficient evidence. A third investigation is still ongoing. On May 19, 2005, the Court of Cassation confirmed the arrest warrant against Delfo Zorzi, a former member of the " Ordine Nuovo" neo-fascist group, who was also suspected of being the material executor of the 1969 Piazza Fontana bombingwhich marked the beginning of the " strategy of tension" in the Italian peninsula. Alongside Delfo Zorzi, his neo-fascist comrades Carlo Maria Maggi and Maurizio Tramonte, all members of the Ordine Nuovo group founded in 1956 by Pino Rauti, are also suspected of having organized the Piazza della Loggia bombing.
A 2000 parliamentary report by the
Olive Treecoalition claimed "that US intelligence agents were informed in advance about several rightwing terrorist bombings, including the December 1969 Piazza Fontana bombingin Milan and the Piazza della Loggia bombing in Brescia five years later, but did nothing to alert the Italian authorities or to prevent the attacks from taking place. It also [alleged] that Pino Rauti [current leader of the Social Idea Movement] , a journalist and founder of the far-right Ordine Nuovo subversive organisation, received regular funding from a press officer at the US embassy in Rome. 'So even before the 'stabilising' plans that Atlantic circles had prepared for Italy became operational through the bombings, one of the leading members of the subversive right was literally in the pay of the American embassy in Rome,' the report says. [ [http://www.cambridgeclarion.org/press_cuttings/us.terrorism_graun_24jun2000.html US 'supported anti-left terror in Italy'] , " The Guardian", June 24, 2000] [Note: the reference fails to cite the name of the press officer in the US embassy.]
Strategy of tension
Anni di piombo
History of Italy (1970s-1980s)
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