- A. V. Dicey
Albert Venn Dicey Born 4 February 1835 Died 7 April 1922 Occupation Jurist, professor Known for Authority on the Constitution of the United Kingdom
Albert Venn Dicey (4 February 1835 – 7 April 1922) was a British jurist and constitutional theorist, who wrote An Introduction to the Study of the Law of the Constitution (1885), and younger brother of Edward Dicey. The principles it expounds are considered part of the uncodified British constitution. He was a graduate of Balliol College, Oxford, and became Vinerian Professor of English Law at Oxford and a leading constitutional scholar of his day. Dicey popularised the phrase "rule of law", although its use goes back to the 17th century.
He became a lawyer in 1863 and was appointed to the Vinerian Chair of English Law at Oxford in 1882. In his first major work, the seminal An Introduction to the Study of the Law of the Constitution he outlined the principles of parliamentary sovereignty for which he is most known. In the book, he defined the term "constitutional law" as including "all rules which directly or indirectly affect the distribution or the exercise of the sovereign power in the state". He understood that the freedom British subjects enjoyed was dependent on the sovereignty of Parliament, the impartiality of the courts free from governmental interference and the supremacy of the common law.
He later left Oxford and went on to become one of the first Professors of Law at the then new London School of Economics. There he published in 1896 his Conflict of Laws.
As extensively shown in the work of Professor Matt Qvortrup, A.V. Dicey was also one of the first supporters of the use of referendums in the United Kingdom despite his views on parliamentary supremacy.
Dicey was a Liberal Unionist and a vigorous opponent of Home Rule and published and spoke against it extensively from 1886 until shortly before his death, advocating that no concessions be made to Irish nationalism in relation to the government of any part of Ireland as an integral part of the United Kingdom. He was thus bitterly disillusioned by the agreement in 1921 that Southern Ireland should become a self-governing dominion (the Irish Free State), separate from the United Kingdom.
Dicey was also vehemently opposed to women's suffrage, proportional representation (whilst acknowledging that the existing first-past-the-post system was not perfect), and to the notion that citizens have the right to ignore unjust laws. Dicey viewed the necessity of establishing a stable legal system as more important than the potential injustice that would occur from following unjust laws. In spite of this, he did concede that there were circumstances in which it would be appropriate to resort to an armed rebellion but stated that such occasions most extremely rare.
- Introduction to the Study of the Law of the Constitution (8th Edition with new Introduction) (1915)
- A Leap in the Dark, or Our New Constitution (an examination of the leading principles of the Home Rule Bill of 1893) (1893)
- England's Case against Home Rule (1887)
- The Privy Council: The Arnold Prize Essay (1887)
- A Digest of the Law of England with reference to the Conflict of Laws (2nd Edition) (1908)
- A Fool's Paradise: Being a Constitutionalist's Criticism of the Home Rule Bill of 1912 (1913)
- Lectures on the relation between law and public opinion in England during the nineteenth century (2nd Edition) (1914).
- Thoughts on the Union between England and Scotland (1920)
- Cosgrove, Richard A. (1980). The Rule of Law: Albert Venn Dicey, Victorian jurist. London: Macmillan. pp. xv, 319p.
- Ford, Trowbridge H. (1985). Albert Venn Dicey: The Man and His Times. Chichester: Rose. pp. 354p.
- ^ Bingham, Thomas. The Rule of Law, page 3 (Penguin 2010). See Dicey's An Introduction to the Study of the Law of the Constitution, p. 173.
- ^ Neale, Charles Montague (1907). The senior wranglers of the University of Cambridge, from 1748 to 1907. With biographical, & c., notes. Bury St. Edmunds: Groom and Son. p. 28. http://www.archive.org/stream/senoirwranglerso00nealrich#page/28/mode/2up. Retrieved 2011-03-04.
- ^ Williams, George (2010). Australian Constitutional Law and Theory. The Federation Press. p. 2.
- ^ Speech of Professor Dicey, at the Liberal Unionists' meeting, in the Music Hall, Birkenhead, December 10, 1887.
- ^ "A. V. Dicey: Law of the Constitution". archive.org. http://www.archive.org/details/introductiontos04dicegoog. Retrieved 2011-04-12.
Academic offices Preceded by
John Robert Kenyon
Vinerian Professor of English Law
William Martin Geldart
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Dicey Business — 賭場風雲 200px Genre Modern Drama (Grand Production) Starring Bobby Au Yeung Jessica Hsuan Michael Miu Bosco Wong Tavia Yeung Benz Hui Opening the … Wikipedia
Dicey — is a surname, and may refer to: A. V. Dicey (1835 – 1922), British jurist and constitutional theorist. Edward Dicey (1832 1911), A British writer. This page or section lists people with the surname Dicey. If an … Wikipedia
Dicey — ist der Nachname mehrerer Personen: Albert Venn Dicey (1835–1922), englischer Jurist Edward James Stephen Dicey (1832–1911), englischer Journalist und Essayist Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidu … Deutsch Wikipedia
dicey — risky, uncertain (as the roll of dice), 1940s, aviators jargon, from DICE (Cf. dice) + Y (Cf. y) (2) … Etymology dictionary
dicey — [adj] risky capricious, chancy, dangerous, difficult, erratic, fluctuant, iffy*, incalculable, ticklish, tricky, uncertain, unpredictable, whimsical; concepts 535,552 Ant. certain, safe, sure … New thesaurus
dicey — ► ADJECTIVE (dicier, diciest) informal ▪ difficult or potentially dangerous … English terms dictionary
dicey — [dī′sē] adj. [ DICE + Y3] [Informal, Chiefly Brit.] hazardous; risky; chancy … English World dictionary
Dicey's Song — Homecoming … Wikipedia
Dicey Langston — Laodicea Langston, also known as Dicey Langston, was born a patriot and grew up on a farm in South Carolina that was concentrated with loyalists. A lot of these loyalists were her friends and family. She acted as a spy for the patriots at the… … Wikipedia
dicey — adjective (dicier; est) Etymology: 1dice + y Date: 1950 risky, unpredictable < a dicey proposition > < dicey weather > … New Collegiate Dictionary
Dicey — There are two possible sources of this interesting medieval English name, the first being that it is a dialectal variant of a locational name Diss, from a place so called in Norfolk. The earliest recording of Diss appears in the Domesday Book of… … Surnames reference