Bernhard Siegfried Albinus

Bernhard Siegfried Albinus

Bernhard Siegfried Albinus (originally Weiss) (February 24, 1697September 9, 1770) was a German anatomist.

Albinus was born at Frankfurt (Oder), where his father, Bernhard Albinus (1653–1721), was professor of the practice of medicine. In 1702 the latter was transferred to the chair of medicine at Leiden University, and it was there that Bernhard Siegfried began his studies, having for his teachers such men as Boerhaave and Nikolaus Bidloo. Having finished his studies at Leiden, he went to Paris, where, under the instruction of Sebastien Vaillant (1669–1722), Jacob Winslow (1669–1760) and others, he devoted himself especially to anatomy and botany. After a year's absence he was, on the recommendation of Boerhaave, recalled in 1719 to Leiden to be a lecturer on anatomy and surgery. Two years later he succeeded his father in the professorship of these subjects, and speedily became one of the most famous teachers of anatomy in Europe, his classroom being resorted to not only by students but by many practising physicians. In 1745 Albinus was appointed professor of the practice of medicine, being succeeded in the anatomical chair by his brother Frederick Bernhard (1715–1778), who, as well as another brother, Christian Bernhard (1700–1752), attained considerable distinction. Bernhard Siegfried, who was twice rector of his university, died at Leiden.

Albinus is perhaps best known for his monumental "Tabulae sceleti et musculorum corporis humani", which was first published in Leiden in 1747, largely at his own expense. The artist and engraver with whom Albinus did nearly all of his work was Jan Wandelaar (1690-1759). In an attempt to increase the scientific accuracy of anatomical illustration, Albinus and Wandelaar devised a new technique of placing nets with square webbing at specified intervals between the artist and the anatomical specimen and copying the images using the grid patterns. "Tabulae" was highly criticized by such scholars as Petrus Camper, especially for the whimsical backgrounds added to many of the pieces by Wandelaar, but Albinus staunchly defended Wandelaar.



*Choulant, L. "History and bibliography of anatomic illustration." Trans. and annotated by Mortimer Frank. (New York: Hafner, 1962).

*Ferguson, J. P. "The skeleton and the rhinoceros." "Proceedings of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh." 1989 Apr; 19(2): 231-2.

*Huisman, T. "Squares and diopters: the drawing system of a famous anatomical atlas." "Tractrix." 1992; (4): 1-11.

External links

* [ Bernhard Siegfried Albinus: "Tabulae sceleti et musculorum corporis humani" (London, 1749)] . Selected pages scanned from the original work. Historical Anatomies on the Web. US National Library of Medicine.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bernhard Siegfried Albinus — Abbildung aus Tabulae selecti et muscul …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bernhard Siegfried Albinus — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Bernhard Siegfried Albinus …   Wikipedia Español

  • Bernhard Siegfried Albinus — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Albinus. Bernhard Siegfried Albinus Bernhard Siegfried Albinus (né le 24 février 1697 à Francfort s …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bernhard Friedrich Albinus — (* 7. Januar 1653 in Dessau; † 7. September 1721 in Leiden) war ein deutscher Mediziner. Leben Bernhard Albinus wurde als Sohn des Bürgermeisters Christoph Albinus in Dessau geboren. Sein Urgroßvater, der anhaltische Geschichtsschreiber Peter… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bernard Siegfried Albinus — Bernhard Siegfried Albinus Abbildung aus Tabulae selecti et musculorum corporis humani Bernhard Siegfried Albinus (* 24. Februar 1697 in …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Albinus — (griechisch Albinos) ist der Name oder Familienname folgender Personen: Adrian Albinus (1513–1590), deutscher Rechtswissenschaftler Albinus (Flaccus), der latinisierte Name des Gelehrten Alkuin (735–804) Albinos (Philosoph), ein Mittelplatoniker… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bernhard Albinus — ist der Name folgender Personen: Bernhard Friedrich Albinus (1653–1721), deutscher Mediziner Bernhard Siegfried Albinus (1697–1770), deutscher Mediziner und Biologe, Sohn von Bernhard Friedrich Albinus Diese Seite ist eine …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Albinus — might refer to:*Albinus (philosopher), a Greek philosopher *Albinus (cognomen), a Roman family name, or cognomen *Alcuin, an English monk *Bernhard Siegfried Albinus, an anatomist *St. Albinus of Angers (Aubin, Albin), bishop *Albinus of Provence …   Wikipedia

  • Christian Bernhard Albinus — (auch: Christian Bernard Albinus; um 1699 in Berlin[1]; † 5. April 1752 in Utrecht) war ein deutscher Mediziner. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Literatur 3 Weblinks …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Frederik Bernard Albinus — (auch: Friedrich Bernhard Albinus; * 20. Juni 1715 in Leiden; † 23. Mai 1778 ebenda) war ein niederländischer Mediziner. Leben Frederik Bernard Albinus war der jüngste Sohn von Bernhard Friedrich Albinus. Er studierte an der Universität Leiden… …   Deutsch Wikipedia